ZEVACHIM 99 (TISHA B'AV) - Dedicated by Rabbi Dr. Eli Turkel of Ra'anana, Israel, in memory of his father, Reb Yisrael Shimon ben Shlomo ha'Levi Turkel, whose Yahrzeit is on 10 Av.

[99a - 44 lines; 99b - 48 lines]

1)[line 2]"הַכֹּהֵן הַמְחַטֵּא אֹתָהּ יֹאכְלֶנָּה...""HA'KOHEN HA'MECHATEI OSAH YOCHELENAH..."- "The Kohen who applies the blood of the Korban Chatas (RASHI; lit. who makes it into a Chatas; see however, RASHI to Vayikra 6:19 DH ha'Mechatei) shall eat it..." (Vayikra 6:19)

2)[line 3]וכללא הואU'CHELALA HU?!- And is this a general principle (that the Kohen who performs the Avodah is the one who eats the meat of the Chatas)?!

3)[line 4]משמרהMISHMARAH - the family division for duty of the Kohanim (MISHMAROS)

The Kohanim were divided into 24 shifts according to their families (Mishmaros), each of which served in the Mikdash for two weeks out of a year. The Mishmaros changed on Shabbos, when the outgoing Mishmar did the Avodah in the morning and the incoming Mishmar did the Avodah in the afternoon.

4)[line 4]ראוי לחיטויRA'UY L'CHITUY- fit for performing the Divine service of offering the Korban Chatas

5)[line 6]יחלקנהYECHALKENAH- shall be among those to whom it is divided

6)[line 9]רחמנא רבייהRACHMANA RABYEI- (lit. the Merciful One) HaSh-m included him (the Ba'al Mum) [to be among those to whom it is divided, through the Ribuy (inclusion) in the Torah deduced from the verse that our Gemara quotes presently]

7)[line 12]דלאורתא מיחזא חזיDEL'URTA MEICHZA CHAZI- since after nightfall he will be fit to perform the Divine service (e.g. Hekter Chalavim)

8)[line 32]מאי הוי?MAI HAVEI?- What does it matter?

9)[line 33]הדרא עליה אנינותHADRA ALEI ANINUS- the state of Aninus (see Background to Zevachim 98:19) returns to him

10)[line 35]דאסח דעתיהD'ASACH DA'ATEI- he removes his mind [from eating Kodshim] (anyone who has a Hesech Da'as may not eat Kodshim until he immerses in a Mikvah. An Onen is more likely to have a Hesech Da'as since it is forbidden for him to eat Kodshim - TOSFOS)

11)[line 36]שלישי ושביעי בעיSHELISHI U'SHEVI'I BA'I - he needs the [sprinkling of the Mei Chatas on the] third and seventh [days] (MEI CHATAS)

(a)If a person (or utensil) became Tamei through touching Tum'as Mes or being in the same room as a corpse or something that is Metamei b'Ohel, he must wait seven days to become Tahor. On the third and seventh days he must have spring water mixed with the ashes of the Parah Adumah (Mei Chatas - see Background to Zevachim 93:5:a) sprinkled on him. A person who is Tahor dips three Ezov branches that have been bound together into the mixture, and sprinkles them on the person who is Tamei.

(b)On the seventh day, he immerses in a Mikvah after the mixture is sprinkled on him in order to complete his Taharah (Bamidbar 19:17-19).

12)[line 40]טמא מעלייא הואTAMEI MA'ALYA HU- he is a person who is actually Tamei (ritually impure, as opposed to an Onen or a Mechusar Kaparah, who may not eat Kodshim for reasons other than Tum'ah)

13)[line 41]אפילו תרומה נמיAFILU TERUMAH NAMI- [a Tamei Sheretz must immerse in a Mikvah and wait until nightfall (He'erev Shemesh) to be Tahor] even [for eating] Terumah, also

14a)[line 42]מדבר המטמאניMI'DAVAR HA'METAM'ENI- from any source of Tum'ah that would have made me Tamei mid'Oraisa

b)[line 43]מדבר הפוסלניMI'DAVAR HA'POSLENI- from any source of Tum'ah that would have made me unfit mid'Rabanan to eat Kodshim

15)[line 43]נטירותא לפלגאNETIRUSA L'FALGA- watchfulness for half [of a matter]

16)[last line]הסלHA'SAL- the basket [that contained produce that was Tahor]


17)[line 1]מגריפהMAGREIFAH- (O.F. vadil) a small shovel or rake

18)[line 1]לבי על הסלLIBI AL HA'SAL- my mind was on the basket [to guard it from Tum'ah that would have been Metamei the produce]

19)[line 6]איגלגל מילתא (ומטאי) [ומטא] לקמיה דרבי אבא בר ממלIGALGEL MILSA (U'MATA'I) [U'MATA] L'KAMEI D'REBBI ABA BAR MAMAL- the matter "rolled" until it reached [the Beis ha'Midrash of Rebbi Aba bar Mamal and the question was put] before Rebbi Aba bar Mamal

20a)[line 8]האוכל שלישי של תרומהHA'OCHEL SHELISHI SHEL TERUMAH - a person who eats Terumah that is a Shelishi l'Tum'ah (TUM'AH: The Different Levels of Tum'ah)

(a)All objects belong to one of three categories:

1.Sources of Tum'ah

2.Objects that can become Tamei

3.Objects that cannot become Tamei.

(b)All sources of Tum'ah are called 'Av ha'Tum'ah' (a father of Tum'ah), except for a corpse, which can generate more Tum'ah than any other object and is therefore referred to as the "Avi Avos ha'Tum'ah." All levels of Tum'ah below Av ha'Tum'ah are referred to as Vlad ha'Tum'ah (a 'child' of Tum'ah).

(c)When one object makes another object Tamei, the second object has a weaker Tum'ah than the first. If something becomes Tamei from an Av, it is called a Rishon l'Tum'ah. A Rishon makes a Sheni l'Tum'ah.

1.Liquids are an exception to this rule. The Chachamim decreed that liquids should always be a Rishon, even if touched by a Sheni.

2.Another case in which the object touched can retain the same level of Tum'ah as that which touched it is Cherev Harei Hu k'Chalal (see Insights to Pesachim 14b).

(d)A Sheni l'Tum'ah cannot make Chulin Tamei. Terumah, however, can become a Shelishi l'Tum'ah. (If someone guarded his Chulin from Tum'ah as one normally guards Terumah, it is called "Chulin she'Na'asu Al Taharas Terumah," and can become a Shelishi.)

(e)Terumah that is a Shelishi l'Tum'ah cannot make other Terumah Tamei. However, it may not be eaten. For this reason, it is referred to as "Pasul" (invalid) rather than "Tamei." Kodesh (objects associated with the sacrifices) that is touched by a Shelishi l'Tum'ah can become a Revi'i. A Revi'i of Kodesh is "Pasul" and may not be eaten.

(f)Utensils, foods, and Jewish people, can become Tamei, as follows. (Other animate or inanimate objects cannot become Tamei.)

1.Utensils made from the metals listed in the Torah (Bamidbar 31:22), or from wood, leather, fibers produced from hair or plants, bone, and earthenware (Cheres), can become Tamei. All but earthenware can be either an Av ha'Tum'ah or a Rishon l'Tum'ah; earthenware can only be a Rishon l'Tum'ah (RASHI Eruvin 104b DH Lo).

2.Foods can only become a Rishon l'Tum'ah or lower.

3.Jewish people can become Avos ha'Tum'ah (by touching a corpse), an Av ha'Tum'ah, or a Rishon. Chazal decreed that a person's hands can become Sheni l'Tum'ah; see Background to Gitin 15:26. Chazal also decreed that a person can become a Sheni l'Tum'ah or Shelishi l'Tum'ah by eating foods that are Tamei (see Shabbos 13b).

(g)A person or utensil that is Tamei can become Tahor again through immersion in a Mikvah and waiting until nightfall. After immersion in a Mikvah but before nightfall, the person or utensil is known as a Tevul Yom. A Tevul Yom is deemed the equivalent of a Sheni l'Tum'ah, and can make Terumah or Kodesh into a Shelishi. It is more lenient, however, than a normal Sheni l'Tum'ah and cannot make liquids into a Rishon (see above, c:1).

b)[line 9]אסור לאכול ומותר ליגעASUR LE'ECHOL U'MUTAR LI'GA- is prohibited to eat [Terumah] but is permitted to touch [Terumah - see previous entry. He is prohibited, however, to touch Kodshim]

21)[line 10]עבוד רבנן מעלהAVUD RABANAN MA'ALAH- the Rabanan created a special stringency (loftier status)

22)[line 11]מיפלג הוא דלא פליגMIFLAG HU D'LO PALIG- he does not engage in the actual division [of the Kodshim]

23)[line 12]וכי מזמני ליהV'CHI MEZAMNEI LEI- however, if they invite him

24)[line 16]איידיAIDI- since [he is permitted to eat the Pesach, he may eat Kodshim, also]

25)[line 22]תפיס לילוTAFIS LEILO- it "grabs" its (the following) night

26)[line 23]אנינות לילהANINUS LAILAH (ONEN)

See Background to Zevachim 98:19.

27)[line 30]לברL'VAR- except

28)[line 31]שלםSHALEM- whole (not "broken" due to the loss of a close relative)

29)[line 42]כדי נסביהKEDI NASVEI- it was mentioned unnecessarily

30a)[line 43]שלמי פסחSHALMEI PESACH - the Korban Shalmei Chagigah that is brought together with the Korban Pesach on the fourteenth of Nisan (RASHI here) (CHAGIGAS ARBA'AH ASAR)

(a)The Torah requires that each Korban Pesach be eaten by a designated group of people. When many people share a Korban Pesach such that there is not enough meat to provide a full meal for each of them, a Korban Chagigah is brought along with it. The members of the group eat the Korban Chagigah before the Korban Pesach to ensure that they eat the Korban Pesach Al ha'Sova (when they are satiated) (see Insights to Pesachim 70:1).

(b)This Korban Chagigah is not to be confused with the Korban Chagigah that a person must bring during all festivals. Every Jewish male is obligated to come to the Azarah of the Beis ha'Mikdash on Pesach, Shavu'os and Sukos, and bring an animal as a Korban Chagigah, as the Torah states, "Shalosh Regalim Tachog Li ba'Shanah" (Shemos 23:14).

b)[line 43]שלמי פסחSHALMEI PESACH - a Korban known as the Mosar ha'Pesach (RASHI to Rosh Hashanah 5a, TOSFOS to Zevachim 9a DH u'Shelamim) (MOSAR PESACH)

Examples of Mosar ha'Pesach include a Temurah of a Korban Pesach (see above, entry #5) and an animal dedicated as a Korban Pesach that was not brought because its owner sacrificed another animal as his Korban Pesach.

31)[last line]כגופיה דפסחK'GUFEI D'PESACH- it is considered like the Pesach sacrifice itself