[94a - 46 lines; 94b - 47 lines]

1)[line 5]מטליתMATLIS- a small piece of cloth

2)[line 5]פחותה משלשPECHUSAH MI'SHALOSH - less than three by three Etzba'os (SHALOSH AL SHALOSH)

(a)A cloth must be at least three Etzba'os square in order to become Tamei Mes (see Background to Nidah 52:32:d) or Tamei Sheretz (see Background to Nidah 54:4), since it is still fit for use by the poor. One Etzba = approximately 1.9, 2.0 or 2.4 cm, depending upon the differing Halachic opinions. A cloth that is smaller than this is Tahor, and not fit to become Tamei, due to its insignificance.

(b)With regard to Tum'as Midras (see Background to Nidah 54:19), the minimum size of a cloth must be three Tefachim square in order to become Tamei Midras. A cloth is the only material that has this distinction; the minimum sizes for all other materials are only measured in Tefachim, whether for Tum'as Mes, Midras, etc. (The word "Etzba'os" is feminine; therefore the Gemara uses Shalosh for Etzba'os. "Tefachim" is masculine, therefore the Gemara uses Sheloshah for Tefachim.)

3)[line 7]חשיב עליהCHASHIV ALEI- he can intend for it to be used [as a patch for his garment, and once it has been designated for that purpose, it will be able to become Tamei]

4)[line 9](לצורה) [לצירו](L'TZURAH)[L'TZAYARO]- to embroider a design on it (to make it a decorative cloth)

5)[line 10]מבטיל ליהMAVTIL LEI- [if he wants,] he can annul it [from its purpose as being embroidered as a decorative cloth, and once it is designated as a normal cloth, it is fit to become Tamei]

6)[line 13]עוצבאUTZVA- a rug [on which to sit or recline]

7)[line 13]לקצעהL'KATZ'AH- (O.F. redognier) to trim it (and make it round at the edges)

8)[line 23]דבר גרידה הואD'VAR GEREIRAH HU- it is an item [that is cleaned with] scraping (as opposed to washing with water)

9)[line 25]לשלשתLISHLESHES- an offensive or putrid substance, e.g. saliva or excrement (see also ARUCH as quoted by TOSFOS here)

10)[line 26]מקנחה בסמרטוטMEKANCHAH BI'SEMARTUT- he may wipe it with a rag

11)[line 27]עד שתכלהAD SHE'TICHLEH- until it is finished

12)[line 29]מכבסוMECHABSO- he should clean it with water

13)[line 29]מגררוMEGARERO- he should scrape it clean

14)[line 32]זימנין סגיאיןZIMNIN SAGI'IN- many times

15)[line 32]ושכשיכיV'SHACHSHICHI- and I scrubbed

16)[line 33]מסאניהMESANEI- his shoes

17a)[line 37]ברכיןB'RAKIN- it is discussing soft leather (which is water-washable)

b)[line 37]בקשיןB'KASHIN- it is discussing hard leather

18)[line 40]ניקוNEIKU- are we to establish [and say that the verse is discussing only soft leather]

19)[line 42]אכסלגיאACHSALGAYA- (a) hardened leather (RASHI); (b) a type of utensil [made of leather] that comes from a place called Achsalgaya (or Achsalgus, or Achsalgim) (TOSFOS to Menachos 97a, DH Kli)

20)[line 44]דמגופיה קא פרחהDEMI'GUFEI KA PARCHAH- because it (Tzora'as) sprouts from his body

21)[line 45]מחלחלאMECHALCHELA- it penetrates and makes holes [in the skin]

94b----------------------------------------94b

22a)[line 1]כריםKARIM- bolsters, mattresses

b)[line 1]כסתותKESASOS- pillows, pillow-cases

23)[line 3]כיסכוסKISKUS- rubbing two parts of the item together in order to clean it, or any act of rubbing the item rigorously in order to clean it

24)[line 8]שרייתו זהו כיבוסוSHERIYASO ZEHU KIBUSO- its soaking is its cleaning

25)[line 10]זרק [זרע] פשתןZARAK [ZERA] PISHTAN- [one who] threw flax [seed]

26)[line 12]דמקדחDE'MEKADE'ACH- because it sprouts

27)[line 12]חיטי ושעריCHITEI V'SA'AREI- wheat and barley

28)[line 13]אית להו ריריIS LEHU RIREI- they (flax seeds) produce strands of a sticky substance

29)[line 13]שלחיםSHELACHIM- (a) non-processed hides (RASHI); (b) according to the Girsa SHECHALAYIM - a type of cress (TOSFOS, SHITAH MEKUBETZES)

30)[line 14]קעביד לישהKA'AVID LISHAH- he is doing an act of Lishah, kneading (or combining particles with liquid to form a dough or paste), one of the thirty-nine prohibited Melachos of Shabbos (see Background to Shabbos 73:6)

31)[line 14]מנעלMIN'AL- a shoe

32)[line 18]הדר אוקי רבא אמורא עליה ודרשHADAR UKI RAVA AMORA ALEI V'DARASH- Rava immediately appointed a Meturgeman to teach in his name, and he taught. A Meturgeman is (a) the person who repeats in a loud voice the words of the Rav, who lectures in a low voice (RASHI to Berachos 56a); (b) the person who translates into Aramaic the words of the Rav, who delivers the Shi'ur in a low voice in Hebrew (RASHI to Yoma 20b)

33)[line 19]טעותTA'US- [the things that I told you were] a mistake

34)[line 20]ברםBERAM- in truth

35)[line 27]לפניםLIFNIM- inside the Heichal

36)[line 31]חטאת דשמיעת הקולCHATAS DI'SHEMI'AS HA'KOL - the Korban Chatas brought to atone for the transgression of Shemi'as Kol, which is not punishable with Kares (SHEMI'AS KOL / SHEVU'AS HA'EDUS)

(a)One of the litigants in a court case has the right to force a person to take an oath when he feels that the person is concealing testimony about the case. The oath that the alleged witness takes to claim that he is not harboring any testimony is called a Shevu'as ha'Edus (Vayikra 5:1).

(b)For example, a person asks two witnesses to testify on his behalf, in order to oblige the opposing litigant to pay him. The witnesses deny all knowledge of the case and even swear in court to that effect. If they admit afterwards that they did know testimony, they must bring a Korban Oleh v'Yored. If they are wealthy they each bring a female sheep or female goat. If they cannot afford the animal, they may each bring two turtledoves or two common doves, one as a Chatas and one as an Olah. If they cannot even afford birds, they may each bring an offering of 1/10 of an Eifah of flour as a Minchas Chotei (ibid. 5:5-13).

37)[line 35]חד מתרי תלתאCHAD MI'TREI TELASA- [the Mishnah is listing only] one out of another two or three [stringencies that the Korban Chatas has over other Kodshei Kodashim]

38)[line 37]קורעוKOR'O- he should tear it (in order to take away its status of a usable garment, thus causing it to become Tahor and be permitted to be brought into the Azarah)

39)[line 40]נוקבוNOKVO- he should pierce it

40)[line 43]פוחתוPOCHASO- he should diminish its form

41)[line 45]דמשייר ביהDI'MESHAYEIR BEI- he leaves in it

42)[line 45]כדי מעפורתKEDEI MA'AFORES- enough to be used as an apron (or scarf) (RASHI explains that he tears the garment with one long tear, stopping before he tears the garment in half, leaving intact enough of the garment to be used as an apron)

43)[last line]חבורCHIBUR- it is a connecting element (that serves to make the entire garment whole, and thus it remains Tamei)

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