[75a - 53 lines; 75b - 38 lines]
1)[line 4]"... סֹלֶת בְּלוּלָה [בַשֶּׁמֶן ...]""... SOLES BELULAH [VA'SHEMEN ...]"- "fine flour mixed [with oil]" (Vayikra 2:5)
2)[line 6]"... חַלּוֹת [מַצּוֹת] בְּלוּלֹת [בַשֶּׁמֶן ...]""CHALOS [MATZOS] BELULOS"- "... loaves [of Matzah] mixed [with oil ...]" (Vayikra 2:4)
3)[line 6]לחמי תודהLACHMEI TODAH (KORBAN TODAH: 4 MINEI LECHEM)
(a)The Todah (thanksgiving offering) is a form of Shelamim that is eaten for only one day and one night (Vayikra 7:15). Korbenos Shelamim that are offered by an individual may be brought from male or female sheep, cows or goats. They are Kodshim Kalim, and may therefore be slaughtered in the entire Azarah (and not only in its northern part). Before its slaughter, the owner presses his hands on the head of the animal (Semichah). The blood of the Todah is cast on the northeastern and southwestern corners of the Mizbe'ach ("Shenayim she'Hen Arba"). Nesachim (a flour offering consisting of flour and oil and a wine libation) are brought as part of the Korban (Bamidbar 15:3-12). The flour offering is completely burned on the Mizbe'ach and the wine is poured into one of the Sefalim (the silver libation pipes located at the top of the southwest corner of the Mizbe'ach) (RAMBAM and RA'AVAD Hilchos Ma'aseh ha'Korbanos 2:1). The amount of flour, oil and wine needed depends upon the ani mal offered, as specified in Bamidbar (ibid.).
(b)An animal that was sacrificed as a Todah was brought together with forty loaves of bread, ten each of the following:
1.Chalos Matzos - Matzos mixed with oil;
2.Rekikin - flat Matzos saturated with oil;
3.Soles Murbeches - Matzos made of boiled flour mixed with oil;
4.Loaves of leavened bread. (Vayikra 7:12-13)
(c)One loaf of each type of bread was given to the Kohen who performed the Zerikas ha'Dam of the Todah (Vayikra 7:14). (These four loaves were known as Terumas Lachmei Todah.) The Chazeh (breast) and Shok (thigh) of the Shelamim were given to the Kohen (Vayikra 7:34). Certain fats and other parts of the Korban were offered on the Mizbe'ach (Vayikra 3:3-4, 9-10, 14-15). The owner and his guests (men or women) eat the rest of the Korban inside the borders of the city of Yerushalayim. The meat may be cooked in any fashion and is eaten on the day that it is slaughtered and the following night.
4)[line 9]נותנהNOSNAH- he puts it (the fine flour) in
5)[line 10]לשהLASHAH- he kneads it (the dough of the Menachos)
6)[line 10]אופהOFAH- he bakes it
7)[line 10]פותתהPOTESAH- he folds it and breaks it into pieces
8)[line 28]מאי תלמודא?MAI TALMUDA?- What is the basis [for the Halachah that teaches us that the Chalos are Belulos and not Meshuchin and the Rekikin are Meshuchin and not Belulos]?
9)[line 29]לא לישתמיט [קרא] ולכתוב "חלות משוחות ורקיקין בלולין"?LO LISHTAMIT [KERA] V'LICHTOV "CHALOS MESHUCHOS U'REKIKIN BELULIN"?- Why did [a verse] not "escape" and record the words "Chalos Meshuchos u'Rekikin Belulin"?
10)[line 32]כמין כי יווניK'MIN KI YAVANI- like the Greek letter "chi," which is shaped like an "x" (RASHI to Kerisus 5b, RAMBAM Hilchos Kelei ha'Mikdash 1:9)
11)[line 35]מושח את הרקיק על פני כולוMOSHE'ACH ES HA'RAKIK AL PNEI KULO- he smears the Rakik over its entire "face"
12)[line 46]"פָּתוֹת אֹתָהּ פִּתִּים, [וְיָצַקְתָּ עָלֶיהָ שָׁמֶן;] מִנְחָה [הִוא.]""PASOS OSAH PITIM, [V'YATZAKTA ALEHA SHAMEN;] MINCHAH [HI]"- "You shall separate it into pieces, [and pour oil on it; it is] a flour offering." (Vayikra 2:6)
13)[line 49]"... וְיָצַקְתָּ [עָלֶיהָ] שָׁמֶן, מִנְחָה [הִוא.]""V'YATZAKTA [ALEHA] SHAMEN, MINCHAH [HI]"- (this is the same verse as the previous entry)
14a)[line 3]קופל אחד לשניםKOFEL ECHAD LI'SHENAYIM- he folds it (lit. one) into two
b)[line 3]ושנים לארבעהU'SHENAYIM L'ARBA'AH- and two into four
15)[line 4]מבדילMAVDIL- he tears it apart
16)[line 7]אין בהן פתיתהEIN BEHEN PESISAH- these Menachos were not folded or torn apart
17)[line 9]כולן פותתן כזיתיםKULAN POSESAN K'ZEISIM- and with regard to all of the Menachos that require Pesisah, the Kohen would tear them into pieces the size of a k'Zayis
18)[line 12]פירוריןPEIRURIN- crumbs (i.e. pieces less than the size of a k'Zayis)
19)[line 12]אותה לפתיתיםOSAH LI'PESISIN- it (the Minchah) should be torn into pieces (but the pieces should not be torn further into smaller pieces)
20)[line 20]חביצאCHAVITZA- (a) a cooked dish that is made from pieces of bread (RASHI); (b) a dish in which pieces of bread are stuck together with honey or milk (RABEINU TAM); (c) a dish of pieces of bread upon which soup is poured (ARUCH)
21)[line 21]פירורין כזיתPEIRURIN KEZAYIS- pieces that are the size of a k'Zayis
22)[line 28]מפרכן עד שמחזירן לסלתןMEFARCHAN AD SHE'MACHAZIRAN L'SOLTAN- he crumbles them into very small pieces (lit. until they are returned to their flour [stage])
23)[line 30]ליקט מכולן כזיתLIKET MI'KULAN K'ZAYIS- (this Beraisa is not referring to the Menachos) (a) when a person "collects" (and eats, probably piece by piece) from all of them (1. from baked goods made from any or all of the five types of grains; 2. from different pieces of bread - SHITAH MEKUBETZES #5) an amount of bread the size of a k'Zayis (RASHI, TOSFOS)
24)[line 33]בשעירסןBESHE'IRSAN- when he kneaded the crumbs back into a dough and baked it (RASHI to Berachos 37b)
25)[line 34]בכדי אכילת פרסBI'CHEDEI ACHILAS PERAS (K'ZAYIS BI'CHDEI ACHILAS PERAS)
(a)The Torah specifies that a k'Zayis is the amount of food that constitutes a "Ma'aseh Achilah," the minimum Halachically-binding act of eating and digesting. A person who eats a k'Zayis of a food in order to fulfill a Mitzvah (such as Matzah) has fulfilled his requirement. Similarly, someone who eats a k'Zayis of a prohibited food (such as blood or Chelev), is punished for his act.
(b)The Torah also specifies (as a Halachah l'Moshe mi'Sinai) the amount of time in which a k'Zayis must be eaten in order for the act to be considered a Ma'aseh Achilah. This amount of time, called a "Kedei Achilas Peras," is defined as the amount of time that it takes to eat three (according to Rebbi Yochanan ben Berokah) or four (according to Rebbi Shimon - Eruvin 82b) Beitzim of bread with relish, while reclining. A person who eats a k'Zayis of Matzah in more than this amount of time has not fulfilled the Mitzvah, and a person who eats a k'Zayis of Isur in more than this amount of time is exempt from punishment.
26)[line 36]בבא מלחם גדולB'VA MI'LECHEM GADOL- when the piece of bread from which the smaller pieces came still exists, one makes the Berachah of "ha'Motzi" even if the smaller pieces are less than a k'Zayis
27)[last line]תוריתא דנהמאTORISA D'NAHAMA- form/appearance of bread