hebrew
1)

Who were the "leaders of the people"? What was Moshe expected to do with them?

1.

Rashi and Targum Yonasan: The "leaders of the people" refers to the Dayanim, whom Moshe was to instruct (to take verbally) to judge all those who worshipped Ba'al Pe'or. 1


1

Rashi: Refer to 25:5:1:1.

2)

What is the meaning of "Vehoka"?

1.

Rashi #1 and Rashbam: It is Lashon of hanging (or killing


1

Rashi (Ibid.) or breaking the connection, since words often have opposite meanings.

3)

Whom did they hang and why?

1.

Rashi and Rashbam: The judges hung the sinners, because whoever worships idols is subject to hanging (momentarily) 1 after he has been stoned). 2


1

Refer to 25:4:4:1 and see Targum Yonasan

2

As the Gemara states in Sanhedrin, 45b. (In this case however, it appears that it was a Hora'as Sha'ah to kill them by hanging)

4)

And what is meant by "Neged ha'Shemesh"

1.

Rashi #1: It means that they were to hang them publicly, for all to see.

2.

Rashi #2: The Dayanim discovered who the sinners were by means of the sun which shone its rays on them. 1

3.

Seforno: So that the people should see them being hanged and not object


1

Rashi: After the Ananei Kavod moved away from above their heads.

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