Subscribe
Revach L'Daf
יום ד', פרשת בהעלותך
Bava Metzia 112

(Click 'Read More' to display or hide text)
  • Summary of the Daf
  • 1. If a person withholds payment from worker it is tantamount to taking his soul.
  • 2. It is a Machlokes between R. Huna and R. Chisda if it is tantamount to taking the soul of the Nigzal or the Gazlan.
  • 3. If a worker doesn't claim his wages the transgression of Bal Talin does not apply.
  • 4. If the Ba'al ha'Bayis doesn't have the money to pay his workers he doesn't transgress the prohibition of Bal Talin.
  • 5. If the workers agree to collect their wages from a storekeeper or moneychanger the prohibition of Bal Talin doesn't apply.
  • 6. It is a Machlokes between R. Sheshes and Rabah if the workers fail to collect from the storekeeper or moneychanger if they may go back to the Ba'al ha'Bayis for their wages.
  • 7. R. Sheshes says if someone hires a Kablan (a worker who is paid for the job and not by the day) the transgression of Bal Talin applies.
    Read More
  • 8. If someone gives a Talis to a tailor and the tailor notifies the owner that he completed the work on the Talis the prohibition of Bal Talin doesn't apply.
    Read More
  • 9. If the owner received the Talis from the tailor at midday he must pay him by nightfall and otherwise the prohibition of Bal Talin applies.
  • 10. A worker who claims on the same day that he completed his work that he had not received his wages swears that he had not received his wages and he collect because the Rabanan took away the Shevu'ah from the Ba'al ha'Bayis and gave it to the worker.
    Read More
  • 11. If the worker claims that he had not received his wages only the day after his work was completed he is not believed with a Shevu'ah.
  • 12. If the worker claims he was promised two Zuz for his wages and the Ba'al ha'Bayis claims he promised him only one Zuz the burden of proof is on the worker because ha'Motzi me'Chaveiro Alav ha'Re'ayah.
    Read More
  • Brief Insight
    OCCUPIED WITH BUSINESS

    A worker who claims on the day that his work was completed that he had not received his wages he swears that he had not received his wages and he collects because the Rabanan took away the Shevu'ah from the Ba'al ha'Bayis and gave it to the worker since a Ba'al ha'Bayis is busy with his workers and he thinks he paid even if he didn't.. The Nimukei Yosef says the worker swears even he is the only worker and consequently the Ba'al ha'Bayis has no other workers that he is busy with. The reason is when the Gemara states the Ba'al ha'Bayis is busy with his workers it doesn't mean only that he is busy with workers but rather that he is busy with his business. The Yerushalmi states explicitly that the worker swears because the Ba'al ha'Bayis is occupied in his business.
  • Quick Halachah
    COLLECTING FROM A MONEYCHANGER

    A Ba'al ha'Bayis doesn't transgress the prohibition of Bal Talin unless the worker made a claim on his wages. If the worker didn't make a claim, or he made a claim but the Ba'al ha'Bayis doesn't have money to pay him, or he instructed him to collect from a moneychanger and the moneychanger agrees to give him the money even if the moneychanger doesn't owe money to the Ba'al ha'Bayis the prohibition of Bal Talin doesn't apply. However, if the worker retracts and he decides that he doesn't want to collect from the Ba'al ha'Bayis he may do so, however if a Kinyan was made he made not retract. (Shulchan Aruch CM 339:10)
  • Chakirah
    A Ba'al ha'Bayis is busy with his workers and tends to forget whether he paid his workers therefore although the obligation to swear is on the defendant which is the Ba'al ha'Bayis the Rabanan took the Shevu'ah and gave it to the worker. The Gemara subsequently asks if that is the case why doesn't the worker collect the money without a Shevu'ah. Why should the worker collect without a Shevu'ah when it is also quite possible that the Ba'al ha'Bayis did not forget?
  • Author's Suggestion
  • ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
MASECHES BAVA METZIA
DAF 112 (קיב)
Links for Wed,
Parshas Beha'aloscha
Jun. 19, '24 -
י"ג סיון תשפ"ד
Links to the Rest of

Dafyomi Study-material Locator

Maseches:
Daf:
Show me:
Month:
Day:
Year:
Month:
Day:
Year:

Dafyomi Study-schedule Calculator

Cycle:
Maseches:
Daf:
Month:
Day:
Year:
Month:
Day:
Year:

אתר שומר שבת

D.A.F. is grateful to the following for their generous grants towards the site's programming & design:
Mrs. G. Kornfeld, Shmuel Kovacs, Asher Schoor
The Estate Distribution Fund of the Gov't of Israel