יום ד', פרשת חקת
[חו"ל - קרח]
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- Summary of the Daf
- A person may not tell a child on Shabbos to bring him his keys from Reshus ha'Rabim, but he does not have to stop the child from doing so on his own.
If a Nochri comes to extinguish a fire on Shabbos, one may not tell him to put it out, but he does not have to stop him from doing it on his own.
If a Katan wants to put out a fire for his father, he must be stopped.
If a Chaver finds in his child's hand produce of Demai, he does not have to take it away from him.
If a Kohen finds Terumah in his child's hand that may be Tamei, he does not have to take it away from him.
A baby may nurse from a Nochri or from a non-Kosher animal even on Shabbos.
It is forbidden to feed non-Kosher food to a child.
If a person is in pain, he may milk, into his mouth, the milk of a Kosher animal on Yom Tov.
A person is Chayav even if he eats only a tiny amount from a Sheketz, but for eating blood he is Chayav only for a Revi'is.
If a woman comes back from overseas and claims that her husband died, she is believed, provided that it is not a time of war, and that she had marital harmony.
In a time of famine, a woman is not believed to testify that her husband died.
If a woman claims that her husband died from a collapsing house or was bitten during a plague of snakes, she is not believed.
If a woman claims that her husband died from a plague, some say she is believed and others disagree.
- Brief Insight
THE MILK OF A NOCHRI
The Beraisa says that a baby may nurse from a Nochri or from a non-Kosher animal even on Shabbos. Rabeinu Chananel says that this Beraisa teaches us that the milk of a Nochri is forbidden. The Rashba, however, disagrees and says that the milk of a Nochri is permitted, but it is a Midas Chasidus not to allow a child to milk from a Nochri because the milk of a Nochri will adversely affect the child. The milk of a Jewish woman -- who fulfills the Mitzvos and has the Jewish characteristics of Rachmanim and Baishanim -- will have a positive effect on the child. The Midrash says that Moshe Rabeinu refused to nurse from a Nochri because he would one day speak with Hashem, and it would have been improper to nurse from a Tamei source. If it was not for that reason, however, it would have been permitted to nurse from a Nochri.
- Quick Halachah
THE MITZVAH OF CHINUCH
Beis Din does not have to stop a Katan who is eating Neveilos. However, it is a Mitzvah for his father to rebuke him and stop him from transgressing an Isur d'Oraisa. (Shulchan Aruch OC 343:1)
The father must stop him because of the Mitzvah of Chinuch. According to some opinions, the Mitzvah of Chinuch applies to the mother as well. (Mishnah Berurah)
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