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Revach L'Daf
יום ג', פרשת ואתחנן
Kesuvos 34

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  • Summary of the Daf
  • Rebbi Shimon: A Shechitah that does not permit the animal to be eaten is not regarded as a Shechitah at all. Rebbi Yehudah and Rebbi Meir: A Shechitah done on Shabbos is valid, even though the person who performed the Shechitah is Chayav Misah. Rebbi Meir: One who cooks on Shabbos b'Shogeg may eat the food immediately. Rebbi Yehudah: He may eat it only on Motza'i Shabbos.
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  • Rebbi Meir: One who cooks on Shabbos b'Mezid may not eat the food until Motza'i Shabbos. Rebbi Yehudah: He may never eat the food.
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  • Rebbi Yochanan ha'Sandlar: If a Melachah was done on Shabbos b'Mezid, the food is forbidden to be eaten.
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  • As soon as one starts to slaughter an animal to Avodah Zarah, it becomes forbidden. It is forbidden to derive benefit from a Shor ha'Niskal (an animal that killed someone and the court decreed that it must be put it to death). Rebbi Yakov: A person who is guarding an animal and it becomes a Shor ha'Niskal may return the animal to the owner and is exempt. Rebbi Shimon: Something that has value only because of the cost of the replacement is regarded as a possession of value.
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  • Rabah says that if one steals a goat before Shabbos and slaughters it on Shabbos, he is Chayav to pay four or five times, according to Rebbi Meir.
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  • Rabah: If one steals a goat outside a Machteres (a tunnel) and slaughters it inside the Machteres, he is exempt.
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  • One who borrows a cow and slaughters it on Shabbos is exempt. As soon as a borrower does Meshichah on the animal, he becomes obligated to feed it. One who inherits a borrowed cow may use it for the remainder of the term, but he is exempt if an Ones occurs and it is damaged. One inherited a borrowed cow, and, thinking that it belonged to his father, slaughtered it. He must pay only the price for inexpensive meat. Rebbi Yochanan: One who mistakenly commits an Aveirah that is punishable with Malkus is obligated to pay. Reish Lakish: He is exempt from payment.
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  • Brief Insight
    STEALING ON SHABBOS

    Rabah says that one who steals a goat and slaughters it on Shabbos is obligated to pay Arba'ah v'Chamishah. Rashi says that he carried the animal into a public domain, and thus the Chiyuv for stealing the animal and the Chiyuv for Shabbos occurred at the exact same time. The Maharam Shif asks that actually the Chiyuv for the theft came first, because as soon as he picks it up he is Koneh the animal. The Maharam Shif answers that the Chiyuv for Shabbos also starts as soon as he picks up the animal, because the Akirah (picking up) is an essential part of the Melachah.
  • Quick Halachah
    COOKING ON SHABBOS

    When one deliberately cooks food on Shabbos (or does any of the other Melachos on Shabbos), the food (or other result of the Melachah he did) is forbidden to him forever, but is permitted to others immediately after Shabbos. If he cooked the food on Shabbos by mistake, the food is forbidden until Motza'i Shabbos, but then he may partake of it. (Shulchan Aruch OC 318:1)

    The Vilna Ga'on says that if one mistakenly does a Melachah that is prohibited only mid'Rabanan, all agree that it is permitted for him to benefit from the Melachah (and he does not have to wait until Motza'i Shabbos).
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