hebrew
1)

What did Bil'am mean this time when he compared Yisrael to an Ari and to a Lavi?

1.

Rashi #1 (citing Targum Onkelos): He meant that they will settle in their land in safety like an Ari and a Lavi and that no nation will be able to frighten them. 1

2.

Rashi (on B'rachos, 12b): Hakadosh-Baruch-Hu guards over them when they lie down and when they get up


1

Targum Yonasan: Who would dare awaken a sleeping lion?!

2)

Why did he switch the order of Lavi and Ari in 23:24 to lion and female lion?

1.

Ba'al ha'Turim: Above, it is the way to go from strength to strength - first like a female lion 1 and then like a fully-grown lion; whereas here it hints at the pdonkeying of leadership from the lion - Moshe, to the female lion - Yehoshua. 2


1

Refer to 23:24:1:2.

2

Ba'al ha'Turim (citing Bava Basra, 75a) 'Moshe's face shone like the sun, and Yehoshua's, like the moon'.

3)

Why did Bil'am say "Mevarchecha Baruch", virtually the same expression as Hashem said to Avraham (Bereishis 12:3)?

1.

Seforno: Because the remnants of Yisrael 1 are on the level of Avraham. 2

2.

Targum Yonasan (commenting on the statement): 'Whoever blesses them will be blessed - like Moshe the Navi, the leader of Yisrael, and whoever curses them will be cursed - like Bil'am bar Be'or'.


1

Who will remain in the days of Mashi'ach.

2

Seforno: As the Pasuk intimates in Devarim 30:9 - "Because Hashem will once again rejoice over you like He rejoiced over your forefathers".

4)

Why did Bil'am put Mevorachecha Varuch before v'Orarecha Arur? Yitzchak said them in the reverse order (Bereishis 27:29)!

1.

Rashi (in B'rachos, 12b): Refer to Bereishis 27:29:5:1-4.

5)

Rashi (Bereishis 27:29) writes that Yitzchak put the curse first, because Tzadikim first suffer, and enjoy tranquility at the end; for Resha'im, the order is reversed, like we find with Bil'am. Hashem blessed Avraham, and began with "va'Avarchah Mevarchecha" (12:3)!

1.

Ramban (Bereishis 27:29): Hashem concluded with a Brachah "v'Nivrechu Vecha

6)

Rashi (Bereishis 27:29) writes that Yitzchak put the curse first, because Tzadikim first suffer, and enjoy tranquility at the end, and Bil'am reversed them. Hashem commanded (Devarim 27:12,13) to give Brachos on Har Gerizim, before the Kelalos on Har Eival!

1.

Refer to Bereishis 27:29:5:3,4.

2.

Moshav Zekenim (19): There, they only stood for the curse. 1


1

How does this answer the question? The Leviyim blessed and cursed! (PF) 2. Refer also to 23:8:1:1*****

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