What did Bil'am mean this time when he compared Yisrael to an Ari and to a Lavi?
Rashi #1 (citing Targum Onkelos): He meant that they will settle in their land in safety like an Ari and a Lavi and that no nation will be able to frighten them. 1
Rashi (on B'rachos, 12b): Hakadosh-Baruch-Hu guards over them when they lie down and when they get up
Targum Yonasan: Who would dare awaken a sleeping lion?!
Why did he switch the order of Lavi and Ari in 23:24 to lion and female lion?
Ba'al ha'Turim: Above, it is the way to go from strength to strength - first like a female lion 1 and then like a fully-grown lion; whereas here it hints at the pdonkeying of leadership from the lion - Moshe, to the female lion - Yehoshua. 2
Why did Bil'am say "Mevarchecha Baruch", virtually the same expression as Hashem said to Avraham (Bereishis 12:3)?
Targum Yonasan (commenting on the statement): 'Whoever blesses them will be blessed - like Moshe the Navi, the leader of Yisrael, and whoever curses them will be cursed - like Bil'am bar Be'or'.
Why did Bil'am put Mevorachecha Varuch before v'Orarecha Arur? Yitzchak said them in the reverse order (Bereishis 27:29)!
Rashi (in B'rachos, 12b): Refer to Bereishis 27:29:5:1-4.
Rashi (Bereishis 27:29) writes that Yitzchak put the curse first, because Tzadikim first suffer, and enjoy tranquility at the end; for Resha'im, the order is reversed, like we find with Bil'am. Hashem blessed Avraham, and began with "va'Avarchah Mevarchecha" (12:3)!
Ramban (Bereishis 27:29): Hashem concluded with a Brachah "v'Nivrechu Vecha
Rashi (Bereishis 27:29) writes that Yitzchak put the curse first, because Tzadikim first suffer, and enjoy tranquility at the end, and Bil'am reversed them. Hashem commanded (Devarim 27:12,13) to give Brachos on Har Gerizim, before the Kelalos on Har Eival!