[20a - 46 lines; 20b - 47 lines]

1)[line 1]BARCHA- a goat

2)[line 1] D'CHAZA LIFTA A'PUMA D'DANA- that saw a turnip on top of a barrel

3)[line 1]SARICH- it dug in [with its hooves]

4)[line 2]SALIK- it climbed up

5)[line 2] TAVREI- broke

6)[line 6] PASHTAH TZAV'ARAH- it stuck out its neck

7)[line 6] ME'AL GABEI CHAVERTAH- [food] from off the back of another animal

8)[line 8] HAYESAH KUPASO MUFSHELES L'ACHORAV- if one's sack [of food] was slung over his back

9)[line 10]B'KOFETZES- [the case is one] in which [the animal] jumped [in order to get to the food a) in an unusual manner such that it is a Toldah of Keren and its owner is responsible for Chatzi Nezek (RASHI, TOSFOS to 21b, DH d'Ilfa); b) such that it took the food from the equivalent of the Chatzer ha'Nizak and its owner is responsible to pay Nezek Shalem (RAMBAN in MILCHAMOS HASH-M, RASHBA)] (see Insights)

10)[line 16]MISGALGEL- [in a case in which a) an animal] rolled [produce from a private domain into the Reshus ha'Rabim and ate it there or vice versa (RASHI); b) produce was] rolling [from a private domain to the Reshus ha'Rabim and an animal stopped it from doing so and ate it in the private domain or vice versa (TOSFOS DH Misgalgel)]

11)[line 17]AMIR- a bundle of straw

12)[line 19]MASUY- a bundle [of produce]

13)[line 19] MIKTZASO BI'FNIM U'MIKTZASO BA'CHUTZ- part of which is inside [of a private domain] and part of which is outside [in the Reshus ha'Rabim]

14)[line 23] B'FESILAH D'ASPASTA- regarding stalks of wheatgrass [a) which are considered to be wholly in whichever domain the animal begins to eat them in, since the rest of the stalk follows that end into the animal's mouth (RASHI); b) for which one is only responsible for the part of which are in the Reshus ha'Nizak, as opposed to considering them to be completely in whichever domain most of the stalk is lying (TOSFOS DH Misgalgel)]

15)[line 24]A'HAYA?- regarding which [Halachos does the Mishnah teach that one is exempt in the Reshus ha'Rabim]?

16)[line 25]A'CHULHU- regarding all of them [even an animal that consumes clothing or vessels]

17)[line 25] KOL HA'MESHANEH U'VA ACHER V'SHINAH BO, PATUR- in any case in which one party acts unusually (here, by placing an article of clothing or vessel in the Reshus ha'Rabim) and [the animal of] another comes and [causes damage] in an unusual manner, [the owner of the animal] is exempt

18)[line 30]REVUTZAH- lit. squatting; lying down

19)[line 34] KSUS AVDEI INSHEI D'MANCHEI GELIMEI U'MISPACHEI- it is normal for people to put down a shirt and take a rest [while walking through the Reshus ha'Rabim]

20)[line 35] DEMEI AMIR- the value of [an equal volume of] hay [which is what he would have fed his animal instead of the more expensive feed that his animal ate]

21)[line 36] DEMEI SE'ORIM BEZOL- the value of barley when it is sold cheaply [which is equal to two-thirds of its regular price (Bava Basra 146b)]


(a)The following is a list of measures of volume used in the Mishnah and Gemara:

1.1 Kor (= 1 Chomer) = 30 Se'in

2.1 Lesech = 15 Se'in

3.1 Eifah = 3 Se'in

4.1 Se'ah = 6 Kabin

5.1 Tarkav (= Trei v'Kav, or 3 Kabin) = 12 Lugin

6.1 Kav = 4 Lugin

7.1 Log (= 1 Rova) = 4 Revi'iyos = 6 Beitzim

8.1 Beitzah = 2 or 3 k'Zeisim, according to the varying opinions

(b)A Kav contains approximately 1.20, 1.38, or 2.4 liters, depending upon the differing Halachic opinions.

23)[line 39]OMDIN- we assess

24)[line 40] DAVAR HA'RA'UY LAH- that which is fitting for it [to eat]

25)[line 40]RAGIL- used [to feeding it]

26)[line 40]CHITIN- wheat [which is detrimental to the animal's digestive system]

27)[line 40]PETURAH- he is exempt [from paying, since he has derived no benefit]

28)[line 41] LO HAVIS GABAN B'URTA BI'TECHUMA- you were not with us yesterday evening a) close enough to come (RASHI, first explanation); b) in the Beis ha'Midrash (RASHI, second explanation - called such since it is the "environs" of the Torah; ARUCH); c) within Techum Shabbos (see Background to Sukah 25:3) [of a number of towns, where the Beis Midrash was strategically located so that the inhabitants of the various towns would be able to learn there on Shabbos] (RASHBAM to Bava Basra 51a)

29)[line 42] MILEI MA'ALYASA- good questions

30)[line 42] HA'DAR B'CHATZER CHAVEIRO SHE'LO MI'DAITO- one who resides in the courtyard of another without his knowledge

31)[line 43] L'HA'ALOS LO SECHAR- to pay him rent

32)[line 43] CHATZER D'LO KAIMA L'AGRA- a courtyard which is not up for rent

33)[line 45] GAVRA D'LO AVID L'MEIGAR- one who has no need to rent [since he has lodgings elsewhere that either belong to him or that he can stay in free of rent]

34)[last line] MATZI AMAR LEI, "MAI CHASARTICH"?- may [the tenant] say to [the owner], "I have not caused you a loss?"


35)[line 1] HA ISHANIS!- you benefited!

36)[line 1] HEI MASNISIN?- [Rav Chisda asked Rami bar Chama,] "Which Mishnah?"

37)[line 2]L'CHI TESHAMESH LI- [I will tell you only after] you perform a service for me [which demonstrates that you have accepted me as your Rebbi and will accept what I say even if you do not at first understand it (see TORAS CHAIM)]

38)[line 2] SHAKAL SUDREI KARACH LEI- [Rav Chisda] took [Rami bar Chama's] scarf and folded it for him

39)[line 4] KAMAH LO CHALI V'LO MARGISH GAVRA D'MAREI SAYE'EI!- how free of illness and worry is he whose Master comes to his aid (i.e., Rami bar Chama)!

40)[line 7] AFKUREI MAFKIR LEHU- one declares them to be ownerless; i.e., he expects them to depreciate to the value of what one who benefited from them is willing to pay (TOSFOS DH Afkurei)

41)[line 9] HA'MAKIF CHAVEIRO MI'SHALOSH RUCHOSAV- one whose fields surround that of another on three sides

42)[line 9] V'GADAR ES HA'RISHONAH V'ES HA'SHENIYAH V'ES HA'SHELISHIS- and he erected a fence on the first, second, and third [sides of a) the inner borders of his fields (RASHI); b) the outer borders of his fields (TOSFOS DH Es)] (See Insights)

43)[line 11] MECHAYVIN OSO- obligate [the owner of the inner field to pay equally for the fence]

44)[line 13] AT GARAMT LI HEKEIFA YESEIRAH!- you[r presence] required me [to erect] extra fencing!

45)[line 14]NIKAF- the one [whose field is] surrounded

46)[line 15] MEGALGELIN ALAV ES HA'KOL- we require him (lit. roll onto him) to pay for [his share in] all [four sides of the fence]

47)[line 16] SHEMA MINAH ZEH NEHENEH V'ZEH LO CHASER PATUR- from here we may infer that one is obligated in a situation in which he benefits even if the one from whom he benefited did not suffer a loss [since the Rabanan only disagree with Rebbi Yosi in this case since the Makif can claim that the Nikaf required him to erect extra fencing (TOSFOS DH Taima)]

48)[line 17] L'DIDI SAGI LI B'NETIRA BAR ZUZA- for my needs a protective [fence of thorns] worth a single Zuz would suffice [and I therefore have not benefited from the fence of stone]

49)[line 18] HA'BAYIS VEHA'ALIYAH SHEL SHENAYIM- a ground floor and the upper story of a house that [each] belong to [one of] two [partners]

50)[line 21]YETZI'OSAV- his expenses

51)[line 24] BEISA L'ALIYAH MISHTA'ABED- the [owner of the] ground floor is obligated to [provide a base for] the upper story [and therefore, if he has not done so, the owner of the upper story may live rent-free in the ground floor that he has rebuilt]

52)[line 25] AF ZEH- so, too, this [case in which the owner of the upper story resided in the ground floor that he rebuilt]

53)[line 26] SHEMA MINAH ZEH NEHENEH V'ZEH LO CHASER CHAYAV- from here we may infer that one is obligated in a situation in which he benefits even if the one from whom he benefited did not suffer a loss [since the Rabanan only disagree with Rebbi Yehudah in this case since the owner of the ground floor is obligated to provide a base for the upper story (TOSFOS DH Ta Shema)]

54)[line 28] SHACHRURISA D'ASHYASA- blackening of the walls [which occurs through normal residency, but only in a new house]

55)[line 28] SHALCHUHA BEI REBBI AMI- they sent [the question Zeh Neheneh v'Zeh Lo Chaser] to the Yeshiva of Rebbi Ami

56)[line 30] NISYASHEV BA'DAVAR- we will deliberate on the matter

57)[line 30]HADAR- subsequently

58a)[line 32] KULEI HAI SHALCHU LI V'AZLEI?- will they continue to send me [this question] so many times?

b)[line 32] ILU ASHKECHI BAH TAIMA, LO SHALACHNA LEHU?- were I to find an answer (lit. a reason), would I not send it to them?

59)[line 36] LAV B'FEIRUSH ITMAR, ELA MI'CHELALA ITMAR- was not stated explicitly [by Rebbi Yochanan], but was rather inferred

60)[line 37]NATAL- if [a Gizbar (a treasurer of Hekdesh; see below, entry #62)] took

61)[line 38]KORAH- a beam

62)[line 38]MA'AL (ME'ILAH - The Prohibition against Deriving Benefit from that which is Consecrated for Use in the Beis ha'Mikdash)

(a)One may not derive any personal benefit from Hekdesh (that which is consecrated for use in the Beis ha'Mikdash) (Devarim 12:17). The minimum benefit one must derive in order to transgress this prohibition is that equal to the value of a Perutah (the smallest coin in circulation at the time of the Gemara).

(b)One who transgresses this prohibition intentionally receives Malkus (lashes). (This is the majority opinion; according to Rebbi, he is liable to receive Misah b'Yedei Shamayim - see Background to Yevamos 8:31). In addition, he must reimburse Hekdesh for the benefit which he received. The object itself remains Hekdesh.

(c)If one benefited from Hekdesh unintentionally, he must offer a ram worth a minimum of two Sela'im as an Asham Me'ilah (see Background to 55:23). He must then reimburse Hekdesh for the value of his benefit and add an additional fifth (of the ensuing total, equal to a quarter of the original value). The object then loses its Kedushah. This is true only of an object that has the status of Kedushas Damim (it itself is not useable by Hekdesh, but rather its value is consecrated to Hekdesh). An object with the status of Kedushas ha'Guf (an object with intrinsic Kedushah, such as the utensils used in the Beis ha'Mikdash or live animals pledged to be offered as certain Korbanos) does not lose its Kedushah under any circumstances (Rosh Hashanah 28a).)

63)[line 40] YIDOR TACHTEHA SHAVEH PERUTAH- he spends [enough] time beneath it [to derive benefit] equal in value to a Perutah

64)[line 41] V'HU SHE'HENICHAH AL PI ARUBAH- and [that which he does not transgress the prohibition of Me'ilah until he spends time beneath it is in a case] in which he placed [the beam] over a skylight [since, if it was properly built into the house, he would have acquired it earlier when it was modified]

65)[line 43] ZOS OMERES ...- we see from [from that which he immediately transgresses Me'ilah when he derives a Perutah's worth of benefit even though Hekdesh did not expressly disallow him from doing so]

66)[line 45] SHASAK LEI- [Rebbi Yochanan] was quiet [in the face of this assertion]

67)[line 45]IHU- Rebbi Avahu

68)[line 46] ASHGUCHEI LO ASHGACH BEI- he simply paid no attention to him

69)[last line] H EKDESH SHE'LO MI'DA'AS K'HEDYOT MI'DA'AS DAMI- that which is done with an item belonging to Hekdesh without the knowledge of Hekdesh is equivalent to a) that which is done with an object belonging to an individual with his knowledge [since Hash-m, Who is the ultimate owner of Hekdesh, is omniscient] (RASHI); b) that which is done with an object belonging to an individual with his knowledge [but without his permission, since Hash-m has made it known that he does not allow anyone to derive benefit from Hekdesh (TOSFOS to 21a DH k'Hedyot)]