YOMA 54 - Two weeks of study material have been dedicated by Mrs. Estanne Abraham Fawer to honor the Yahrzeit of her father, Rav Mordechai ben Eliezer Zvi (Rabbi Morton Weiner) Z'L, who passed away on 18 Teves 5760. May the merit of supporting and advancing Dafyomi study -- which was so important to him -- during the weeks of his Yahrzeit serve as an Iluy for his Neshamah.

The reference numbers below that appear in parentheses (e.g., TY #43) represent vessels or parts of the structure of the Beis ha'Mikdash. The labeling follows that of the diagram of the Tiferes Yisrael. This diagram, which has been included in a separate mailing and can also be found on our site (at http://www.dafyomi.co.il/midos/mids-charts.htm), is printed both in the Tiferes Yisrael Mishnayos (Midos Chapter 2 or following Midos) and in Rav P. Kahati's Mishnayos (page 290, at the beginning of Midos).

[54a - 47 lines; 54b - 20 lines]

1)[line 1]CHADARAH- [that which had been in] an inner chamber; namely, the Aron Kodesh

2)[line 4]"[ ] ""VA'YIHEYU SHAM AD HA'YOM HA'ZEH"- "[And they pulled the poles towards the east, and the tips of the poles could be seen from the Kodesh in front of the Dvir (the Kodesh ha'Kodashim, though they could not be seen,] and they remained there until this day." (Melachim I 8:8) - This verse describes how Shlomo ha'Melech, upon completing the construction of the first Beis ha'Mikdash, brought the Aron ha'Kodesh from Giv'on to Yerushalayim and how he placed it in the Kodesh ha'Kodashim. The Gemara here understands that the words "until this day" mean literally until today, implying that the Aron remains hidden in its place until today.

3)[line 6]"- , - .""V'ES HA'YEVUSI..."- "And the people of Binyamin did not inherit the Jebusites who dwelled in Yerushalayim; the Jebusites dwelled with the people of Binyamin in Yerushalayim until this day." (Shoftim 1:21) - This verse is in the Parshah that describes the wars and conquests of Klal Yisrael following the death of Yehoshua.

4)[line 9] D'LO GALU- that [the tribe of Binyamin] did not go into exile?

5)[line 11]"- , - , - ; ; -, .""AL HE'HARIM ESA VECHI VA'NEHI..."- "Regarding the mountains I will raise [My voice in] crying and wailing, and upon the pastures of the wilderness a lament, for they are destroyed with nary a passerby; the sound of flocks is not heard; from the birds of the heavens to the animals, they have wandered and gone." (Yirmeyahu 9:9)

6)[line 13] BEHEMAH B'GEMATRIYA...- The Beraisa understands that the word "Behemah" hints to something beyond the literal meaning since it is unnecessary. The verse has already stated that "the sound of flocks is not heard." (YA'AVETZ).

7a)[line 14]GAFRIS- sulfur

b)[line 14]MELACH- salt

8)[line 15]" ""V'HIGBIR BRIS LA'RABIM..."- "And the covenant with the princes will strengthen for seven years...." (Daniel 9:27) - This verse is written regarding the destruction of the first Beis ha'Mikdash.

9)[line 16]" - ""V'AMRU AL ASHER AZVU..."- "And they shall say, 'Because they forsook the covenant of HaSh-m, the G-d of their forefathers....'" (Devarim 29:24) - This verse describes the reaction of the nations of the world to the sulfur and salt that will be prevalent in Eretz Yisrael at the time of its destruction, should Klal Yisrael choose to ignore their relationship with HaSh-m.

10)[line 17]" ...""U'MEHEN MIN BNEI SHIMON..."- "And from them, five hundred men from the sons of Shimon went to the mountain of Se'ir, and Platyah, Ne'aryah, Refayah, and Uziel the sons of Yishai were at their head. And they smote the remnants of Amalek, and they dwelled there until this day." (Divrei ha'Yamim I 4:42-43) - This verse, at the beginning of Divrei ha'Yamim, describes the original settlement of Eretz Yisrael.

11)[line 20] U'BILBEL KOL HA'ARATZOS- and jumbled all the lands. Sancheriv, king of Assyria, would relocate every nation that he conquered so that they would be disoriented and therefore that less likely to rebel.

12)[line 21]" , () ""V'ASIR GEVULOS AMIM..."- "... and I have loosened the boundaries of nations, and taken their treasures...." (Yeshayah 10:13) - These words are attributed to Ashur (Assyria).

13)[line 21]TEYUVTA- This proof has been disproved. (This does not disprove this opinion; rather, this particular validation is no longer sound.)

14)[line 22] LISHKAS DIR HA'ETZIM- (TY #12) The Wood Storage Room, where firewood for the Mizbe'ach and the bonfire in the Lishkas Beis ha'Moked (see Background to Yoma 15:38) is kept. This Lishkah is located in the northeast corner of the Ezras Nashim.

15)[line 23] SHE'HAYAH MIS'ASEK- (a) was whiling away his time (RASHI); (b) was busy checking the wood for worms (RAMBAM; TIKLIN CHADTIN to Shekalim 15b)

16)[line 23]RITZPAH- one of the marble tiles [of which the floor was made up of]

17)[line 25]B'YICHUD- for a certainty

18)[line 26]KARDUMO- his hatchet

19)[line 26] BA'ALEI MUMIN

(a)A Kohen who has a Mum (physical blemish) is forbidden to perform Avodah in the Beis ha'Mikdash, whether ha has a Mum Kavu'a (a permanent blemish; e.g. an amputated hand or foot) or a Mum Over (a temporary blemish; e.g. boils). The RAMBAM in SEFER HA'MITZVOS maintains that these are counted as two separate negative commandments (#'s 70 and 71), while the RAMBAN rules that they are included in one Lav.

(b)There are three categories of blemishes (Bechoros 43a): 1. those that invalidate both a Kohen from performing the Avodah as well as an animal from being offered as a sacrifice upon the Mizbe'ach; 2. those that invalidate a Kohen but not an animal; 3. those that invalidate both a Kohen and an animal, but only due to Mar'is ha'Ayin - since they appear to be invalidating blemishes.

(c)The status of a Kohen, and the Avodah he performed, while he was a Ba'al Mum depends on the severity of the Mum: 1. if his Mum is one that invalidates both Kohanim and animals, then he is liable to receive Malkus (lashes) if he performed the Avodah b'Mezid according to the Rabanan, and Misah b'Yedei Shamayim according to Rebbi. His Avodah is Pesulah whether he performed it b'Shogeg or b'Mezid; 2. if his Mum is one that invalidates only Kohanim, then his Avodah is Kesheirah (RAMBAM Hilchos Bi'as Mikdash 6:6); 3. if his Mum is one that prevents him from performing the Avodah only due to Mar'is ha'Ayin, then he does not receive Malkos, and his Avodah is Kesheirah (SEFER HA'CHINUCH #275, 276).

20)[line 26]MASLI'IN- checking for worms

21)[line 27]V'NISHMETAH- and it slipped

22)[line 27]V'ACHLASO- and it consumed (a) the ax; (b) the Kohen who negligently let it slip (Yerushalmi; see Ben Yehoyada)

23)[line 30]MEKAR'IN- ripping through

24a)[line 31]DOCHKIN- pressing

b)[line 31]BOLTIN- jutting out

25)[line 31]DADEI- breasts

26)[line 32]" , ""TZEROR HA'MOR DODI LI, BEIN SHADAI YALIN."- "My beloved is as a bundle of myrrh; he shall sleep between my breasts." (Shir ha'Shirim 1:13) - As with all verses in Shir ha'Shirim, this verse allegorically describes the relationship between HaSh-m and Klal Yisrael. Our Gemara explains that "between my breasts" refers to the area between the poles of the Aron, which is where the Kohen Gadol burns the Ketores on Yom ha'Kipurim.

27)[line 33]MEGALELIN- they would roll back

28)[line 34]ME'URIM- embracing

29)[line 34]CHIBASCHEM- how cherished you are

30)[line 34]HA'MAKOM- HaSh-m

31)[line 35]"- -, ""V'LO YAVO'U LIR'OS K'VALA ES HA'KODESH [VA'MESU]"- "And [this way] they (the Leviyim) will not come to see the holy [vessels of the Mishkan, in which case they would die.]" (Bamidbar 4:20)

32)[line 36]NARTEK- case

33)[line 38] MA'ASEH B'KOHEN ECHAD...- From this incident it is clear that even in the Beis ha'Mikdash, when Klal Yisrael were presumably likened to a fully married woman, it was dangerous to view the Kelim.

34)[line 41] PAROCHES D'VAVEI- the curtains covering the entrances to the Ulam, Heichal, and the opening in the Amah Teraksin

35)[line 44] U'SHTAYIM KENEGDAN BA'ALIYAH- and two curtains hung directly above them from the second story of the Heichal and Kodesh ha'Kodashim [serving as a partition between the differing levels of Kedushah there]

36)[line 45] U'KERUVIN D'TZURSA HAVU KAIMEI- and figures of [embracing] Keruvim were [etched into the walls] there

37a)[line 45]" [ ] ""V'ES KOL KIROS HA'BAYIS MESAV KALA, PITUCHEI MIKLE'OS KERUVIM V'TIMOROS U'FTUREI TZITZIM [MILI'FNIM VELA'CHITZON]"- "And all of the walls of the Beis ha'Mikdash were surrounded by designs; etched engravings of Keruvim, palm trees, and blossoming flowers [both inside and out]." (Melachim I 6:29)

b)[line 46][] "[ , ] , -"[U'CHESIV] "[V'KALA KERUVIM V'SIMOROS U'FTUREI TZITZIM;] V'TZIPAH ZAHAV MEYUSHAR AL HA'MECHUKEH"- [and it is written,] "[He engraved figures of Keruvim, palm trees, and blossoming flowers;] and he covered them with gold that was flattened into the etchings." (Melachim I 6:35)

38)[last line]"[ -, , (), ] - ""... K'MA'AR ISH V'LOYOS [SAVIV]"- "[And he etched upon the tablets, its handles, and its frames figures of Keruvim, lions, and palm trees,] all attached firmly together." (Melachim I 7:36)

54b----------------------------------------54b

39)[line 1] K'ISH HA'ME'UREH BA'LEVIYAH SHELO- like a man embracing his wife

40)[line 5]HIZILUM- they belittled them

41)[line 6]"- - ""KOL MECHABDEHA HIZILUHA KI RA'U ERVASAH"- "All those who honored her (Tziyon) scorned her, for they saw her nakedness." (Eichah 1:8)

42)[line 8]HUSHTAS- founded

43)[line 9]ME'EMTZA'ISO- from its center

44)[line 9]" , .""B'TZEKES..."- "When dirt solidified to form a core, and clods were stuck together" (Iyov 38:38) - Rebbi Eliezer understands that the "core" refers to the center of the world, and the "clods" to that which was subsequently added.

45)[line 11]" -, ; .""KI LA'SHELEG..."- "For He says to the snow, 'Fall to the ground!,' and [also] to the rain and the storm." (Iyov 37:6) - Rebbi Yehoshua derives from the four words "Geshem Matar v'Geshem Mitros" that HaSh-m first formed four distinct points and then "filled in the gaps," as it were. "Geshem," rain, is related to "Gashmiyus," which describes anything with physical substance. "Matar," which also refers to rain, carries a similar connotation (similar to the English word "matter"). The terms for rain are related to physicality since life is impossible without rain.

46)[line 12]YARAH- threw

47)[line 13]"- , - .""AL MAH..."- "Into what are its bases sunken, or who laid (lit. threw) its cornerstone?" (Iyov 38:6)

48)[line 14] MINENU MUCHLAL YAFYO SHEL OLAM- in it lay the potential of the world's beauty

49)[last line]MECHAVEI- demonstrated

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