(a)After learning the obligation to recite Kidush by day, from the Pasuk "Zachor es Yom ha'Shabbos l'Kadsho", the Tana asks from where we learn the obligation by night. This is wrong for two reasons. What are they?
(b)What do we really learn from the Pasuk as such?
(c)From where do we learn Kidush by day?
(d)What does Kidush by day comprise, and why do we need to recite it?
(a)After learning the obligation to recite Kidush by day, from the Pasuk "Zachor es Yom ha'Shabbos l'Kadsho", the Tana asks from where we learn the obligation by night. This is incorrect - firstly because the primary Kidush is said by night, and not by day! and secondly, because the Beraisa does not go on to cite a source for Kidush by night.
(b)We learn from the Pasuk as such, the obligation to recite Kidush at night-time, as soon as Shabbos enters.
(c)We learn Kidush by day from the extra word "Yom" in "Zachor es Yom ha'Shabbos l'Kadsho".
(d)Kidush by day comprises the Berachah 'Borei Pri ha'Gafen' (the Pesukim that we add are only a Minhag), and the reason that we recite it is to make a distinction between Shabbos and an ordinary week-day - because wine symbolizes Shir, and it is as if one is singing in honor of the Shabbos.
(a)When Rav Ashi arrived in Mechoza, and they honored him with 'Kidusha Rabah', he did not know what that was. What is 'Kidusha Rabah', and why is it called by that name?
(b)How did Rav Ashi escape from his predicament?
(c)Which Pasuk from Koheles did he quote regarding himself?
(d)What would Rav Ashi have done had that old man not bent down to drink the wine when he did?
(a)Kidusha Rabah refers to the Berachah of 'Borei Pri ha'Gafen - it is called by that name because we always recite it by so many Devarim she'bi'Kedushah. (Others say that it is a Lashon 'Sagi Nahor' - i.e. it is really the opposite, a minor Kidush, and in its honor, they referred to it by that name.)
(b)Rav Ashi (perhaps guessing that 'Kidusha Rabah' may refer to the Berachah 'Borei Pri ha'Gafen') escaped from his predicament - by drawing out the Berachah whilst he watched the participants, until he saw one old man bending down to drink from his Kos. So Rav concluded that 'Kidusha Rabah' must indeed refer to 'Borei Pri ha'Gafen'.
(c)He quoted the Pasuk in Koheles (regarding himself) "he'Chacham' Einav b'Rosho".
(d)Had that old man not bent down to drink the wine when he did - Rav Ashi would have recited the full Kidush, like that of Friday night.
(a)How did Rebbi Zeira interpret the words of Rebbi Chiya's sons, who said that Havdalah may be recited during the entire week?
(b)Why must we explain 'until Wednesday' as being exclusive?
(c)In which way does the distinction between the two halves of the week apply to Gitin as well?
(d)Why does the concession of reciting Havdalah until Tuesday not extend to the Berachah of 'Ner'?
(a)Rebbi Zeira interpreted the words of Rebbi Chiya's sons, who said that Havdalah may still be recited the entire week - to mean until Wednesday.
(b)We must explain 'until Wednesday' as being exclusive - because it is only Sunday, Monday and Tuesday that belong to the previous week, Wednesday already belongs to the following week.
(c)The distinction between the two halves of the week apply to Gitin as well - inasmuch as if someone divorces his wife on the condition that she gives him two hundred Zuz after Shabbos, then the money will have to be given before Wednesday for the Get to be valid; whereas had he said 'before Shabbos', then the money would have had to be handed over between Wednesday and Shabbos.
(d)The concession of reciting Havdalah until Tuesday does not extend to the Berachah of 'Ner' - because the Berachah over Ner is confined to Motzei Shabbos. Why is that? Because that was when artificial light was first created.
(a)Rav Beruna quoting Rav, forbids someone who has already washed his hands (for bread) to recite Kidush. Why is that?
(b)What will he have to do if, in spite of that, he does recite Kidush after washing his hands?
(c)Will he be obligated to wash his hands again if he heard Kidush from someone else?
(d)May someone who has washed his hands (for bread) recite Havdalah?
(a)Rav Beruna quoting Rav, forbids someone who has already washed his hands (for bread) to recite Kidush - because it interrupts between washing and eating.
(b)If, in spite of that, he does recite Kidush after washing his hands - he will be obligated to wash his hands again.
(c)This is not the case however, if he hears Kidush from someone else - seeing as he did not interrupt (in spite of the fact that he was Yotzei because of 'Shomei'a k'Oneh').
(d)If someone who has already washed his hands (for bread) may not recite Kidush (which is related to the Se'udah), then how much more so may he not recite Havdalah (which is not).
(a)What did Rav himself sometimes used to do that disproves Rav Beruna's statement?
(b)According to this, does someone who washed his hands before Kidush, which he then recited over wine, need to wash them again?
(c)Then why do we not do this l'Chatchilah?
(d)May someone who has no wine make Havdalah over bread?
(a)Rav himself often used to recite Kidush, not over wine, but (whenever he fancied bread) over bread; and whenever he did, the Gemara takes for granted that he must have washed his hands first. Nevertheless, he recited Kidush before eating the bread.
(b)That being the case, even someone who washed his hands before Kidush, which he then recited over wine - would not be obligated to wash his hands either.
(c)We nevertheless do not do this l'Chatchilah - because we rule like Beis Hillel in Berachos, who puts Kidush first.
(d)Someone who has no wine cannot recite Havdalah over bread.
(a)What should someone do if he ate on Friday night without reciting Kidush?
(b)Rav Yirmeyahu bar Aba forgot one Motzei Shabbos, and ate before Havdalah. What did he then do when they brought him a cup of wine to drink?
(c)On what grounds did the wife of Rav Asi (his host) complain?
(d)What did Rav Asi tell his wife that put her mind at ease?
(a)Someone who ate on Friday night without reciting Kidush - must recite the full Kidush during Shabbos day-time.
(b)Rav Yirmeyahu bar Aba forgot one Motzei Shabbos, and ate before Havdalah. When they brought him a cup of wine to drink - he used it for Havdalah.
(c)The wife of Rav Asi (his host) complained because that was not the Minhag of her husband (who holds 'Ta'am, Eino Mavdil' - and he should not have adopted a different Minhag than that of the local household).
(d)Rav Asi told his wife to leave Rav Yirmeyahu bar Aba alone - because he probably followed the opinion of his Rebbi, Rav (who held 'Ta'am Mavdil)!
(a)In Rav Yosef's opinion, Shmuel holds 'Ta'am, Eino Mekadesh, Ta'am, Eino Mavdil'. What does Rabah in the name of Rav Nachman, quote him as saying?
(b)How does Rava rule in this regard?
(a)In Rav Yosef's opinion, Shmuel holds 'Ta'am, Eino Mekadesh, Ta'am, Eino Mavdil'. Rabah in the name of Rav Nachman quotes him as saying - 'Ta'am Mekadesh, Ta'am Mavdil'.
(b)Rava rules like Rabah.