THE REWARD FOR WEARING TZITZIS
(Beraisa): The Chilazon has the form of a fish. Its color is like the sea. Techeles is made from its blood;
The Chilazon comes up only once every 70 years. Therefore Techeles is expensive.
(Beraisa - R. Noson): Even a light Mitzvah has (great) reward in this world. I cannot fathom the reward in the world to come!
We can learn from a certain Talmid who was careful in the Mitzvah of Tzitzis. He heard about a harlot on an island who took 400 gold coins for her hire. He sent her the money and fixed a date. She set seven beds for him, each higher than the other, and sat naked on the highest, made of gold. He climbed up to sit naked with her. His four Tzitziyos came and hit him on the head. (Iyun Yakov - from her response, it is clear that she did not see this. Perhaps he imagined that this happened.) He descended and sat on the ground. She sat next to him.
The harlot: You must tell me - what blemish did you see in me?!
The Talmid: I never saw anyone as beautiful as you. However, Hash-m gave us the Mitzvah of Tzitzis, in which it says twice "Ani Hash-m Elokeichem", for He will punish and give reward;
The four Tzitziyos are like two pairs of witnesses against me!
The harlot: You must tell me your name, your city, your Rebbi and where you learn!
He told her. She sold all her property (except for the sheets), gave a third of the money to the kingdom (to allow her to convert), a third to the poor, and took a third with her. She came to R. Chiya (his Rebbi) and asked him to convert her.
R. Chiya: Perhaps you merely want to marry one of the Talmidim! (We do not accept converts for this purpose.)
The harlot showed him a paper (and explained that her awe for the Mitzvah, and that the miracle, that the Tzitzis struck him on the face, inspired her to convert).
R. Chiya: I will convert you (and allow you to marry him).
Previously, she set sheets for him to sin. Now she set for him for Heter. .
(R. Noson): This demonstrates the reward in this world. I cannot fathom the reward in the world to come!
(Rav Yehudah): A borrowed garment is exempt for 30 days. (Rosh - this is if it does not have Tzitzis. If it has Tzitzis, the Mitzvah applies immediately.) After this, it is obligated. (It seems that this is mid'Rabanan - Tosfos.)
Support (Beraisa): One who stays in an inn in Eretz Yisrael, or rents a house in Chutz la'Aretz is exempt from Mezuzah for 30 days. After this, he is obligated;
One who rents a house in Eretz Yisrael is obligated immediately, for the sake of settling Eretz Yisrael. (This discourages him from leaving, for he must leave the Mezuzah. Even if he leaves, it makes it easier for someone else to take his place.)
THE MITZVAH OF TEFILIN
(Mishnah): The Tefilin Shel Yad is not Me'akev (the Shel Rosh, nor vice-versa).
(Rav Chisda): This is only if the person has both Tefilin. If he only has one of them, he cannot do the Mitzvah.
Rabanan: Did you really say that?
Rav Chisda: No. If one cannot do two Mitzvos, he should at least do one! (Rav Chisda retracted.)
Question: What was Rav Chisda's original reasoning?
Answer: He decreed, lest a person with only one Tefilah not bother to acquire the other.
(Rav Sheshes): One who does not wear Tefilin transgresses eight Mitzvos Aseh. (Four verses command about each of the two Tefilin.)
One who does not put Tzitzis on his garment transgresses five Mitzvos Aseh;
A Kohen who does not give Birkas Kohanim (when asked to do so in a Beis ha'Keneses) transgresses three Mitzvos Aseh;
One who does not put a Mezuzah in his doorway transgresses two Mitzvos Aseh. Two (identical) verses command to affix a Mezuzah.
(Reish Lakish): One who wears Tefilin will live a long life - "Hash-m Aleihem (those who have Hash-m's name on them, i.e. Tefilin) Yichyu... Chayei Ruchi v'Sachalimeni v'Hachayeni".
NESACHIM OF FLOUR AND WINE
(Mishnah): Soles and oil (of Minchas Nesachim) are not Me'akev (Nesachim of) wine. The wine is not Me'akev them;
Matanos on the outer Mizbe'ach are not Me'akev each other. (Even one is Meratzeh.)
(Gemara - Beraisa): "U'Minchasam v'Niskeihem" - first bring the Minchah, and then the Nesachim;
Rebbi says, "Zevach u'Nesachim" ("Vayikra 22:37) - first bring the Zevach, and then the (wine) Nesachim (and then the Minchah).
Question: It says "u'Minchasam v'Niskeihem"!
Answer: Rebbi uses that to permit bringing Minchas Nesachim and Nesachim at night or on another day (after the Korban was offered).
Question: How do Chachamim expound "Zevach u'Nesachim"?
Answer: They use it to teach Ze'iri's law;
(Ze'iri): Nesachim become Mukdashim to (be brought with) a particular Zevach only when it is slaughtered.
Objection: Also Rebbi needs a source for Ze'iri's law. Also Chachamim need a source that one may bring Menachos and Nesachim at night or on a later day!
Retraction: Rather, Chachamim learn from "Olah u'Minchah (Zevach u'Nesachim)."
Objection: Rebbi should agree with this! (This was the verse he expounded, and it puts the Minchah before the Nesachim!)
Retraction: Rather, when Minchah and Nesachim accompany a Korban, all agree that we offer the Minchah first. We learn from "Olah u'Minchah";
They argue about a Minchah and Nesachim brought by themselves;
Chachamim say, since when they are brought with a Korban the Minchah is first, it is first even without a Korban;
Rebbi disagrees. When they accompany a Korban, since we started offering something (meat) that is 'eaten' (by people and/or the Mizbe'ach), we offer other things eaten (Minchah) before offering Nesachim (which are merely poured through conduits in the Mizbe'ach);
When they are by themselves, Nesachim have precedence, for they are accompanied by Shirah (at least when they are with a Korban, and possibly even by themselves).
THINGS THAT ARE ME'AKEV ZEVACHIM
(Mishnah): Matanos on the outer Mizbe'ach are not Me'akev each other.
(Beraisa) Question: What is the source that one Zerikah on the outer Mizbe'ach is Mechaper?
Answer: We learn from "v'Dam Zevachecha Yishafech." (This connotes one putting.)
(Mishnah): The bulls, rams and lambs (of Musafim) are not Me'akev each other;
R. Shimon says, if Hekdesh has (money for) many bulls but Nesachim only for one, we bring only one bull. We do not bring bulls without Nesachim.
(Gemara) Question: Which bulls and lambs does the Mishnah discuss?
Suggestion: It discusses those of (Musafim of) Sukos.
Rejection: It says "ka'Mishpat" regarding them. They are Me'akev each other!