hebrew
1)

What is the significance of the hornet?

1.

Rashi and Ramban (citing the Tanchuma): The hornet, which did not cross the Yarden, 1 shot poison into the eyes of the three nations listed in the Pasuk and killed them. 2

2.

Ramban: Hashem filled the air of their land with hornets. 3


1

According to the Ramban, this hornet (as opposed to the hornet in the time of Moshe) did cross the Yarden, as the Pasuk specifically in Yehoshua (24:11-12). See Ramban.

2

According to the Gemara in Sotah, 36a, it shot poison into their eyes above, blinding them, and castrated them below (See Torah Temimah).

3

Like He did with the locusts in Egypt and in the days of Yo'el (Yo'el, 2:25).

2)

Why specifically the Chivi, the Kena'ani and the Chiti?

1.

Ramban #1: These three are only samples, whereas in fact, the hornet attacked all seven nations.

2.

Ramban #2: Most men of these three nations opted to remain safely in their fortified cities and not to go and fight Yisrael. So Hashem sent the hornet to destroy them in their homes. 1

3.

Rashi: The Chiti and Kena'ani were in Ever ha'Yarden. Even though the Chivi were west of the Yarden, and the hornet did not cross the Yarden, it shot poison at them from the other side.


1

In the same way as He sent the locusts into the houses of the Egyptians, as the Torah writes in Shemos 10:6. See also Oznayim la'Torah.

3)

How will the hornets drive the nations out of the land?

1.

Ramban: Because (a) They will cover the land and cause it to go dark, 1 thereby rendering them incapable of going to fight Yisrael, and (b) They will devour all the produce of the land. 2

2.

Rashi: They will strike their eyes, and inject poison and kill them.


2

As the Pasuk writes [about locusts] in the Klalos in Devarim 28:38, 42.

4)

Rashi writes that the Chiti and Kena'ani were in Ever (the east side) of ha'Yarden. It says in Yehoshua (9:1) that all six Kena'ani nations were on the same side (i.e. west) of the Yarden!

1.

Emes l'Yakov: Really, they were west of the Yarden; Sichon and Og conquered them.

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