[100a - 18 lines; 100b - 12 lines]

1)[line 1]בית חייהםBEIS CHAYEIHEM- (lit. the house, i.e. source, of their lives) (a) the Mitzvas Aseh of learning Torah (Rashi here); (b) the teaching of a livelihood in order to enable them to support themselves (Rashi in Bava Metzia 30b); (see Pnei Yehoshua, who explains that according to this explanation, the meaning of the verse is that Moshe Rabeinu should teach the Jewish people how to earn a living for the sake of being able to dedicate themselves to learning Torah)

2)[line 1]גמילות חסדיםGEMILUS CHASADIM- the Mitzvah of doing acts of kindness (see RAMBAM Hilchos Avel 14:1)

3)[line 2]ביקור חוליםBIKUR CHOLIM- the Mitzvah of visiting the sick (see RAMBAM Hilchos Avel 14:1)

4)[line 2]קבורהKEVURAH- the Mitzvah Aseh of burying the dead (see RAMBAM Hilchos Avel 14:1)

5)[line 5]חזי דעלך קא סמכינאCHAZI, D'ALACH KA SAMICHNA- see that I am relying on you

6)[line 17]המסכך גפנו על גבי תבואתו של חבירוHA'MESAKECH GAFNO AL GABEI TEVU'ASO SHEL CHAVEIRO- one who covers his friend's (growing) grain with his own vine (causing a forbidden mixture of Kil'ayim; see next entry)

7)[line 17]הרי זה קידשHAREI ZEH KIDESH (KIL'EI HA'KEREM)- he has made the produce prohibited as Kil'ayim (KIL'AYIM)

(a)The word Kil'ayim means "forbidden mixture," which refers to two items, each of which is permitted, which the Torah prohibits to combine. Although the term "Kil'ayim" refers to many different types of forbidden mixtures (see Background to Kidushin 39:23a), only Kil'ei ha'Kerem is Asur b'Hana'ah.

(b)KIL'EI HA'KEREM refers to the prohibition of sowing vegetables or grains in a vineyard, as the Torah states, "Lo Sizra Karmecha Kil'ayim, Pen Tikdash ha'Melei'ah ha'Zera Asher Tizra u'Sevu'as ha'Karem" - "You shall not sow your vineyard with other species, lest the fruit of the seed which you have sown, and the fruit of the vineyard, be forfeited" (Devarim 22:9). According to some Tana'im, even if one finds other crops growing in his vineyard and does not remove them, he transgresses this prohibition (Makos 21b). One who intentionally transgresses this prohibition is liable to receive Malkos.

1.Many Tana'im maintain that the prohibition of Kil'ei ha'Kerem forbids planting any vegetable or grain in a preexisting vineyard, as well as sowing grape seeds together with any vegetable or grain. However, Rebbi Yoshiyah rules that the prohibition of Kil'ei ha'Kerem only applies to sowing grape seeds along with wheat and barley kernels in the same throw of a hand (Berachos 22a). According to this view, one who plants grapes, wheat and barley in such a manner transgresses both the prohibition of Kil'ei ha'Kerem and the prohibition of Kil'ei Zera'im (see Background to Kidushin 39:23a:c; Tosfos Kidushin 39a DH Lo).

2.It is even prohibited to plant vegetables or grains outside of a vineyard in close proximity to it. Such plants must be planted at least six Tefachim away from a single grapevine and at least four Amos away from a vineyard. ("Vineyard," in this respect, refers to at least five grapevines, planted in a formation of two parallel rows of two with a fifth vine between (and behind) the two rows - see Background to Sotah 43:29). The grapevines and the vegetables or grains that grow in a vineyard that has been planted with Kil'ei ha'Kerem are prohibited to be eaten. They must be burned, as the Torah says, "Pen Tikdash ha'Melei'ah...," which the Gemara translates as, "lest the produce (of that vineyard) have to be burned (Tukad Esh)" (Gemara here, RAMBAM Hilchos Kil'ayim 5:7).

3.Although the Torah only prohibits Kil'ei ha'Kerem in Eretz Yisrael, as with any other Mitzvos ha'Teluyos ba'Aretz, the Rabanan prohibited it in Chutz la'Aretz as well (Kidushin 38b).


8)[line 4]צבעו כאורTZAV'O KA'UR- he dyed it ugly

9)[line 5]היציאהHA'YETZI'AH- expenses

10)[last line]כלבוסKALAVUS- the dye, or sediment of dye, that remains at the bottom of the cauldron in which the dye is made