[13a - 42 lines; 13b - 50 lines]

1)[line 6]השלמיםSHELAMIM

(a)A person may offer a Korban in the Beis ha'Mikdash as a voluntary sacrifice (Olas Nedavah), as it states in Vayikra 1:2. Voluntary Korbanos may be Olos (which are burned entirely on the Mizbe'ach, see Vayikra 1:2-17, 6:1-6), Shelamim (parts of which are eaten, see Vayikra 3:1-17, 7:11-21, 7:28-37) or Menachos (flour offerings, see Vayikra 2:1-13, 6:7-11, 7:9-10).

(b)Korbenos Shelamim that are offered by an individual may be brought from male or female sheep, cows or goats. They are Kodshim Kalim, and may therefore be slaughtered in the entire Azarah (and not only in its northern part). Before its slaughter, the owner presses his hands on the head of the animal (Semichah). The blood of the Shelamim is cast on the lower half of the Mizbe'ach at the northeastern and southwestern corners only (Shetayim she'Hen Arba). Nesachim (a meal offering consisting of flour and oil and a wine libation) are brought as part of the Korban (Bamidbar 15:3-12). The meal offering is completely burned on the Mizbe'ach and the wine is poured into one of the Sefalim (the silver libation pipes located at the top of the southwestern corner of the Mizbe'ach) (RAMBAM and RA'AVAD Hilchos Ma'aseh ha'Korbanos 2:1). The amount of flour, oil and wine needed depends upon the animal offered, as specified in Bamidbar (ibid.).

(c)The Chazeh (breast) and Shok (thigh) of the Shelamim were given to the Kohen (Vayikra 7:34). Certain fats and other parts of the Korban were offered on the Mizbe'ach (Vayikra 3:3-4, 9-10, 14-15). The owner and his guests (men or women) eat the rest of the Korban inside the borders of the city of Yerushalayim. The meat may be cooked in any fashion and is eaten for two days and the intervening night.

2)[line 10]סמיכה ונסכים ותנופת חזה ושוקSEMICHAH / NESACHIM / TENUFAS CHAZEH VA'SHOK- see previous entry

3)[line 13]במעשרMA'ASER (MA'ASER BEHEMAH)

(a)Every year, a person must collect all of the kosher animals that were born during that year into a corral. As they leave the corral through a narrow opening, one by one, the owner counts them and marks every tenth one as Ma'aser Behemah. The Mitzvah of Ma'aser Behemah is stated in Vayikra (27:32), "v'Chol Ma'asar Bakar va'Tzon, Kol Asher Ya'avor Tachas ha'Shavet, ha'Asiri Yiheyeh Kodesh la'Sh-m." - "And all of the herds and flocks shall be tithed as they are counted under the rod, every tenth one being consecrated to HaSh-m."

(b)Ma'aser Behemah is eaten by its owner. If it has no Mum (blemish or defect), it is offered as a Korban on the Mizbe'ach and eaten by its owner in Yerushalayim. If it has a Mum, the owner may slaughter and eat it anywhere.

(c)If one designated the tenth animal as Ma'aser Behemah, no other animal can become Ma'aser Behemah afterwards. However, if two animals exited the corral at the same time and the owner designated both as Ma'aser (the tenth animal), both become Kodesh (one is considered Ma'aser Behemah, and the other must be brought as a Shelamim; see Rashi). In addition, Ma'aser Behemah has the feature that it takes effect even in error. If the tenth animal was not called "tenth" but the animals that were next to the tenth animal were called "tenth," then they, too, become consecrated, according to all opinions. Beis Shamai cite a case where the owner called the ninth animal "tenth," the tenth, "ninth" and the eleventh, "tenth." The ninth animal is put out to pasture and may be eaten after it develops a Mum (blemish). The tenth animal is brought as the Korban Ma'aser Behemah. The eleventh animal is brought as a Korban Shelamim (Mishnah Bechoros 60a).

4)[line 14]"לא תפדה""LO SIFDEH"- "You shall not redeem" (Bamidbar 18:17).

5)[line 15]"לא יגאל""LO YIGA'EL"- "It shall not be redeemed" (Vayikra 27:33).

6)[line 20]שקדוש מרחםKADOSH ME'RECHEM- it is holy from the time it exits the womb

7)[line 27]נכסים שאין בהן דין מעילהNECHASIM SHE'EIN BAHEM DIN ME'ILAH- property for which one does not bring a Korban Me'ilah when he uses it for his own benefit. This includes Chulin and Kodshim Kalim.

8a)[line 29]מבשרןBESARAN- their flesh

b)[line 30]מאימוריהןEIMUREIHEN - the fats and other parts of the Korban that are burned on the Mizbe'ach. (EIMURIN)

(a)The Emurin consist of:

1.the layer of fat covering the stomachs;

2.all other fat attached to the stomachs;

3.the two kidneys;

4.the fat on the kidneys;

5.The Yoseres, which is either the diaphragm (RASHI, RADAK) or a lobe of the liver (RAV HAI GA'ON) (Vayikra 3:3-4)

6.In the case of a sheep, the Alyah - the fat tail

13b----------------------------------------13b

9)[line 2]תודה/ מלחמהTODAH / MI'LACHMAH

(a)The Todah (thanksgiving offering) is a form of Shelamim that is eaten for only one day and one night (Vayikra 7:15). Korbenos Shelamim that are offered by an individual may be brought from male or female sheep, cows or goats. They are Kodshim Kalim, and may therefore be slaughtered in the entire Azarah (and not only in its northern part). Before its slaughter, the owner presses his hands on the head of the animal (Semichah). The blood of the Shelamim is cast on the lower half of the Mizbe'ach at the northeastern and southwestern corners only (Shetayim she'Hen Arba). Nesachim (a meal offering consisting of flour and oil and a wine libation) are brought as part of the Korban (Bamidbar 15:3-12). The meal offering is completely burned on the Mizbe'ach and the wine is poured into one of the Sefalim (the silver libation pipes located at the top of the southwest corner of the Mizbe'ach) (RAMBAM and RA'AVAD Hilchos Ma'aseh ha'Korbanos 2:1). The amount of flour, oil and wine needed depends upon the animal offered, as specified in Bamidbar ibid.

(b)An animal that was sacrificed as a Todah was brought together with forty loaves of bread, ten each of the following:

1.Chalos Matzos - Matzos mixed with oil;

2.Rekikin - flat Matzos saturated with oil;

3.Soles Murbeches - Matzos made of boiled flour mixed with oil;

4.Loaves of leavened bread. (Vayikra 7:12-13)

(c)One loaf of each type of bread was given to the Kohen who performed the Zerikas ha'Dam of the Todah (Vayikra 7:14). (These four loaves were known as Terumas Lachmei Todah.) The Chazeh (breast) and Shok (thigh) of the Shelamim were given to the Kohen (Vayikra 7:34). Certain fats and other parts of the Korban were offered on the Mizbe'ach (Vayikra 3:3-4, 9-10, 14-15). The owner and his guests (men or women) eat the rest of the Korban inside the borders of the city of Yerushalayim. The meat may be cooked in any fashion and is eaten on the day that it is slaughtered and the following night.

10)[line 6]הכשירא דזבח הואHECHSHEIRA D'ZEVACH HU- the Lechem is a function of the Korban. Therefore, we would think that since the Nizak actually is getting the Korban, he should have to bring the Lechem

11)[line 13]זה אומר "שורך הזיק" וזה אומר "שורך הזיק"ZEH OMER "SHORCHA HIZIK," V'ZEH OMER "SHORCHA HIZIK"- damage was done by one of a number of oxen and each owner claims that it was the other's ox that did the damage; this one says, "Your Shor damaged," and the other one says, "Your Shor damaged."

12)[line 18]הפקרHEFKER- an ownerless object

13)[line 25]"והועד בבעליו [ולא ישמרנו] והמית איש או אשה""V'HU'AD BI'VE'ALAV, [VELO YISHMERENU,] V'HEMIS ISH O ISHAH..."- "[But if the ox was wont to gore with its horn in the past,] and its owner had been warned, [but he had not watched it properly,] and it killed a man or a woman; [the ox shall be stoned, and its owner also shall pay Kofer (lit. be put to death)" (Shemos 21:29)

14a)[line 26]והעמדה בדיןHA'AMADAH V'DIN- the time that they stand in court

b)[line 27]וגמר הדיןGEMAR DIN- the announcement of the verdict

15)[line 43]נפרצה בלילהNIFRETZAH BA'LAILAH- the barn wall broke down unexpectedly at night when the owner is not liable to know about it

16)[line 43]שפרצוה לסטיןPARTZUHA LISTIN- bandits broke open the barn to allow the ox to escape

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