[18a - 39 lines; 18b - 32 lines]

1)[line 11]מדליןMEDALIN- it is permitted to draw water

2)[line 19]באב הטומאהAV HA'TUMAH

(a)All objects belong to one of three categories:

1.sources of Tum'ah

2.objects that can become Tamei

3.objects that cannot become Tamei

(b)All sources of Tum'ah are called Av ha'Tum'ah, except for a corpse, which can generate more Tum'ah than any other object and is therefore referred to as the "Avi Avos ha'Tum'ah."

(c)When one object makes another object Tamei, the second object has a weaker Tum'ah than the first. If something becomes Tamei from an Av, it is called a Rishon l'Tum'ah. A Rishon makes a Sheni l'Tum'ah. (Liquids are an exception to this rule. The Chachamim decreed that liquids should always be like a Rishon; even if touched by a Sheni.)

(d)Chulin cannot be made Tamei mid'Oraisa by a Sheni l'Tum'ah. Even mid'Rabanan, a Sheni cannot make Chulin into a Shelishi l'Tum'ah. Terumah, however, can become a Shelishi l'Tum'ah. (Also, if someone guarded his Chulin from Tum'ah as one normally guards Terumah, it is called "Chulin she'Na'asu Al Taharas Terumah," and can become a Shelishi.)

(e)Terumah that is a Shelishi l'Tum'ah cannot make other Terumah Teme'ah. However, it may not be eaten. It is referred to as "Pesulah" (invalid) rather than "Teme'ah." Kodesh (objects associated with the sacrifices) that is touched by a Shelishi l'Tum'ah can become a Revi'i. A Revi'i of Kodesh is also called "Pasul," since it cannot make other items of Kodesh become Tamei.

KODESH            TERUMAH              CHULIN
======            =======              ======
AVI AVOS          AVI AVOS            AVI AVOS
   |                 |                   |
  AV                AV                  AV
   |                 |                   |
RISHON            RISHON              RISHON
   |                 |                   |
 SHENI             SHENI               SHENI
   |                 |
SHELISHI          SHELISHI
   |
REVI'I

3)[line 20]בולד הטומאהVELAD HA'TUMAH (AL YEDEI MASHKIN)

(a)In general, the various levels of Tum'ah are called, respectively: 1. Av ha'Tum'ah, 2. Rishon l'Tum'ah, 3. Sheni and 4. Shelishi. The latter two (Sheni and Shelishi) are called "Vlad ha'Tum'ah."

(b)Normally, utensils can only become an Av ha'Tum'ah or a Rishon l'Tum'ah, but they cannot become a Vlad ha'Tum'ah. However, the Chachamim decreed that liquids that are touched by a Rishon or Sheni can make utensils become Teme'im (Shabbos 14b, and Tosfos DH Ela b'Mashkin). A utensil that becomes Tamei mid'Rabanan in such a manner is called a Velad ha'Tum'ah.()c) The reason for the decree of the Chachamim that liquids which acquire Tum'ah from a Rishon and Sheni l'Tum'ah are Metamei utensils, is that there are liquids which are Metamei utensils mid'Oraisa; namely the bodily liquids of a Zav or Zavah. The Zov, semen, saliva and urine of a Zav, and the blood, saliva and urine of a Zavah are all Avos ha'Tum'ah.

4)[line 25]מערמתMA'AREMES- she uses a form of deception [to accomplish something that is usually prohibited]

5)[line 26]לאטבולי בעינייהוL'ATBULEI B'EINEI- to immerse them in a Mikvah by themselves

6)[line 33]שמאישהאS HEMA YASH'HE- lest he put off immersing them until Yom Tov, when he has more spare time, which could lead to using them for Terumah and the like while they are still Teme'im

7)[line 37]שנראה כמתקןNIR'EH K'MEIKAR- he appears to be cooling himself off

18b----------------------------------------18b

8)[line 1]בשרבSHERAV- a time of dry heat

9)[line 1]במי משרהMEI MISHRAH- water in which flax is soaked

10)[line 9]החושש בשיניוHA'CHOSHESH B'SHINAV- a person who has a toothache

11)[line 10]לא יגמע בהןLO YEGAME'A BAHEN- he may not sip [vinegar] through them

12)[line 10]מטבל הוא כדרכוMETABEL HU K'DARKO- he may dip [his bread or food] into vinegar as he normally does

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