KODSHEI KODOSHIM ARE EQUATED TO EACH OTHER (cont.)
"Vela'Chatas" - are all like Chatas, whose absorptions are Mekadesh;
"Vela'Asham" - are all like Asham, i.e. there is no Kedushah to (Rashi - the Eimurim of) a fetal sac or skin of a fetus;
R. Eliezer holds that offspring of Korbanos are not Kadosh until they are born, and we learn what is possible from what is impossible. (Asham is a male, so it cannot have a fetal sac or skin of a fetus, yet we learn to Korbanos that can (be females and) have them.)
"Vela'Milu'im" - are all like Milu'im (inaugural Korbanos of the Mishkan), i.e. Mosreihem (the leftovers, i.e. Nosar meat) are burned, but a leftover living animal is not. (There are two possible cases of a leftover living animal. Two were separated for one Korban (in case one will be lost), or a Korban was lost and another was Hukdash to replace it and then the first was found. Neither of these occurred during the Milu'im.)
"Ul'Zevach ha'Shelamim" - are all like Shelamim, which can make Pigul (intent Chutz li'Zmano in blood is Mefagel Nesachim (Rashi; Tosfos - the meat)) and (the meat can) become Pigul.
Answer #2 (to Question 4:a, 97b - Beraisa - R. Akiva): We learn about food that touched Kodshim other than Chatas from Minchah, whose absorptions are Mekadesh.
The Torah needed to teach this regarding Minchah and Chatas;
Had it taught only that absorptions of Minchah are Mekadesh, one might have thought that this is because it is soft, and easily absorbed, but absorptions of Chatas are not Mekadesh;
Had it taught only that absorptions of Chatas are Mekadesh, one might have thought that this is because absorptions of meat penetrate deeply, but absorptions of Minchah are not Mekadesh.
(Continuation of Beraisa): "Vela'Chatas" - all are like Chatas, which must be brought from Chulin money, during the day, and using the right hand (for Zerikah).
Question: What is the source for Chatas?
Answer (Rav Chisda): "V'Hikriv Aharon Es Par ha'Chatas Asher Lo" - it was his, not of the Tzibur, and not of Ma'aser money;
Question: "B'Yom Tzavoso..." teaches that Korbanos must be brought during the day!
Answer: Indeed, we do not learn this from Chatas. It was taught for no reason.
Question: We learn the right hand from Rabah bar bar Chanah!
(Rabah bar bar Chanah): 'Etzba' or 'Kehunah' (by itself) always teaches that the right hand is required. (Regarding every Korban, it says 'Kohen'!)
Answer #1: Indeed, we do not learn this from Chatas, it was taught for no reason.
Answer #2: R. Akiva holds like R. Shimon, who says that 'Etzba' by itself teaches the right hand, but 'Kehunah' by itself does not.
"Vela'Asham" - the bones of all Korbanos are permitted, just like bones of Asham. (The Torah permitted all the meat (except for the Eimurim) to Kohanim, and Nosar does not apply to the bones. Alternatively, we learn from "Lo Yihyeh.")
BLOOD ON GARMENTS
(Rava): It is clear to me that if Dam Chatas splashed onto a garment and then Dam Olah, it must be laundered.
Question (Rava): If Dam Olah splashed onto a garment and then Dam Chatas, what is the law?
If a garment must be laundered because it touched Dam Chatas, it must be laundered;
If the obligation to launder is because it absorbed Dam Chatas, it did not absorb! (It was already satiated with Dam Olah!)
Answer (Rava): It need not be laundered.
(Rava): It is clear to me that blood on a garment is a Chatzizah (and disqualifies immersion), unless the owner is a butcher. (He is used to this, and he is not insistent to clean it);
(Rava): It is clear to me that Revav (a fat or wax stain) on a garment is a Chatzizah, unless the owner sells Revav;
Question (Rava): If blood and Revav are both on a garment, what is the law?
Question: Whether the owner is a butcher (and objects to Revav) or sells Revav (and objects to blood), one of these is a Chatzizah!
Answer: The question is when the owner is a butcher and sells Revav:
He does not object to one stain, but he objects to two;
Or, perhaps he does not object even to two stains!
This question is not resolved.
PEREK TEVUL YOM
WHO RECEIVES A SHARE OF KODSHIM?
(Mishnah): A Tevul Yom Yom (one who immersed today; he will be fully Tahor at nightfall) or Mechusar Kipurim (one whose Taharah is not complete until he brings a Korban), does not receive Kodshim to eat them at night (when he will be permitted);
An Onen may touch Kodshim, but he may not do Avodah, and he does not receive a share to eat at night.
A Ba'al Mum, whether the Mum is temporary or permanent, receives a share and eats, but he may not serve.
Anyone who may not do Avodah does not receive a share;
Anyone who does not receive meat does not receive hides.
Even a Kohen who was Tamei at the time of Zerikah and Tahor at the time of Haktaras ha'Chelev does not receive a share of the meat - "ha'Makriv Es Dam ha'Shelamim v'Es ha'Chelev mi'Bnei Aharon Lo Sihyeh... l'Manah".