[109a - 33 lines; 109b - 36 lines]

1)[line 8]והלבונהVEHA'LEVONAH- and the frankincense (see Background to Zevachim 58:10)

2)[line 8]ומנחת כהניםU'MINCHAS KOHANIM

A voluntary Korban Minchah that is brought by a Kohen does not need Kemitzah. Similarly, a Korban Minchas Chotei (see Background to Menachos 72:30) that is brought by a Kohen does not need Kemitzah (but Rebbi Shimon argues - Menachos 72b). The entire Minchah is burned on the Mizbe'ach. This is learned from the verse, "v'Chol Minchas Kohen, Kalil Tiheyeh, Lo Se'achel" - "And every meal-offering of a Kohen shall be entirely offered; it shall not be eaten" (Vayikra 6:16).


(a)The Minchas Chavitin is brought by the Kohen Gadol every day. It consists of 1/10 of an Eifah (approximately 2.16, 2.49 or 4.32 liters, depending upon the differing Halachic opinions) of wheat flour made into twelve wafers or rolls. They are fried in olive oil in a flat pan after being boiled and baked (this is the ruling of the RAMBAM, but see Menachos 50b). Next, the rolls are folded without being broken (Pesisah). Levonah is added, and Hagashah and Haktarah are performed (see Background to Menachos 89:14:b:1).

(b)Half of the rolls are offered in the morning and half towards evening (Vayikra 6:13). They are completely burned on the Mizbe'ach. The Chavitin must be brought from the money of the Kohen Gadol, but he does not personally have to offer them on the Mizbe'ach. The amount of oil used for each of the Chavitin rolls is one Revi'is (approximately 75, 86.4 or 150 cc, depending upon the differing Halachic opinions), a total of three Lugin for the entire Minchah.

(c)An ordinary Kohen, on the day that he begins his service in the Beis ha'Mikdash, must bring a Korban Minchah that is the same as the Minchas Chavitin that the Kohen Gadol brings every day (Vayikra 6:13). His Korban is known as the Minchas Chinuch (RAMBAM Hilchos Ma'aseh ha'Korbanos 13:2-4).

4)[line 9]והמנסךVEHA'MENASECH - and the one who performs the Nesachim (NESACHIM)

(a)Nesachim are wine libations offered along with a Korban Shelamim or Olah, whether these Korbanos are offered by the Tzibur (Bamidbar 28:11-15, 20-21) or an individual (Bamidbar 15:3-16). All Nesachim are offered along with a meal offering known as a Minchas Nesachim.

(b)The amount of wine necessary for the libation, as well as the amount of flour and oil mixed together for the Minchas Nesachim, vary depending upon what kind of animal is being offered.

5)[line 14]חוץ לזמנוCHUTZ LI'ZEMANO

See Background to Zevachim 26:22.

6)[line 14]וחוץ למקומוV'CHUTZ LI'MEKOMO

See Background to Zevachim 26:23.

7)[line 25]דכלילD'KALIL- it shall be entirely offered; it was totally burned on the fires of the Mizbe'ach


8)[line 14]חצי פרסCHATZI PRAS- [one who is Maktir] half of a Pras [inside is exempt] (i.e. less than the required amount, even though it is more than a k'Zayis)

9)[line 23]"[ולקח מלא המחתה גחלי אש מעל המזבח מלפני ה', ו]מלא חפניו [קטרת סמים דקה; והביא מבית לפרכת]""[V'LAKACH MELO HA'MACHTAH GACHALEI ESH ME'AL HA'MIZBE'ACH MI'LIFNEI HASH-M, U']MELO CHAFNAV [KETORES SAMIM DAKAH; V'HEVI MI'BEIS LA'PAROCHES]"- [And he shall take a shovel-full of coals from atop the Mizbe'ach that is in front of Hash-m, and] his double handful [of finely-ground spices of Ketores; and he shall bring them to within the Paroches]" (Vayikra 16:12).

10)[line 36]דקבעינהו שני חצאי פרסD'KAV'INHU SHNEI CHATZA'EI PRAS B'MANA- that he designated two measures of half a Pras (or a full Shi'ur) in a Kli Shares