R. YOCHANAN AND RESH LAKISH ON THE SOURCE OF PERISHAH (cont'd)
Question: According to Resh Lakish (who learns Perishah from Sinai) where was there sprinkling at Har Sinai?!
Question: And is it better for R. Yochanan (Milu'im was blood and Parah is water)?
Answer: The water substitutes for the blood.
Answer: It was only a Ma'alah which Chazal added to Parah.
One Beraisa supports R. Yochanan and another Resh Lakish.
The Beraisa supporting R. Yochanan explains be'Zos.
It refers to the Perishah of Aharon for seven days.
The Beraisa mentions Moshe's role during that time.
An extension of Moshe's role is carried out by two 'students of Moshe.'
Chazal extended this Perishah to Parah.
Both Perishos involve sprinkling (and water takes the place of blood).
The Beraisa cites a second Pasuk, which is explained as before, La'asos- Parah; Lechaper- Yom ha'Kipurim.
Question: But the word "be'Zos" is needed internally?!
Answer: "be'Zos" (as opposed to ba'Zeh or be'Eileh) teaches two lessons.
Question: Why did the Beraisa need a second Pasuk?
Answer: We might have erred, limiting the Perishah to either the first Kohen or to the first Yom ha'Kipurim.
The Beraisa supporting Resh Lakish shows (according to Rashi) how R. Yosi ha'Gelili learns Perishah (for all times) from Sinai.
There is a dispute regarding which days had a covering of a cloud (and what was being covered).
(R. Yosi Ha'Gelili): These six days are after the Aseres ha'Dibros.
(R. Akiva): These days are the first six days of Sivan.
The cloud covered not Moshe, but the mountain.
Moshe was called on the seventh day (for the Aseres ha'Dibros) and B'nei Yisrael stood and heard.
(R. Noson): Only Moshe needed Perishah, in order to cleanse away his food (not required for all times).
(R. Masia b. Cheresh): The Perishah was to instill trepidation in Moshe (the proper mood to receive Torah).
Rejoice with trembling seems contradictory.
Where there is joy (receiving Torah) there should be trembling.
Question: What is the basis of the dispute between R. Yosi ha'Gelili and R. Akiva?
Answer: Their dispute parallels a dispute over which day the Torah was given (sixth or seventh of Sivan).
R. Yosi ha'Gelili aligns with the Tana Kama who holds the sixth (since the Tana Kama cannot agree with R. Akiva, as the Gemara explains).
R. Akiva aligns with R. Yosi who holds the seventh.
Question: How does the 40 day count to 17 Tamuz work according to R. Yosi ha'Gelili (who has the Perishah after the Aseres ha'Dibros)?
Answer: The forty days includes these six of Perishah.
HEARING THE VOICE OF HASH-M
R. Akiva (in 1.g.3.ii. above) supports R. Elazar.
R. Elazar also taught that Moshe heard as did the people.
The Pasuk singles out Moshe only to honor him.
Question: But the Beraisa teaches that only Moshe heard?!
Answer #1: They all heard Sinai; whereas only Moshe heard the voice at the Ohel Moed.
Answer #2: Keriah was heard by all; Dibur was heard only by Moshe.
THE IMPENETRABLE CLOUD
Question: One Pasuk has the cloud being impenetrable, and another has Moshe walking right into it!?
Answer #1: Hash-m grabbed Moshe, bringing him into the cloud.
Answer #2: The cloud parted as did the sea.
LESSONS IN DERECH ERETZ
Question: Why is Keriah before Dibur?
Answer: To teach the Derech Eretz of calling a person before speaking to him (supported by R. Chanina).
Also from these Pesukim we learn to protect confidentiality.