[38a - 44 lines; 38b - 50 lines]

1)[line 1]B'SEIRUGIN- [the entire Parshah was not etched into the tablet; rather, the first couple of words in each verse were spelled out] in intervals [with the intervening words alluded to by their initials]

2)[line 3]DELASOS- [copper] doors

3a)[line 4] NACHSHOL SHEBA'YAM- a gale on the high sea; a storm

b)[line]L'TAV'O- to drown him

4)[line 5]HITILUHA- he threw it

5)[line 6]MI'ZA'APO- a) from its anger; b) from its stormy winds (see Targum to Iyov 1:19, and Berachos 59a)

6)[line 7]KARCHAH- he embraced it

7)[line 9] NAMALAH SHEL AKO- (O.F. port) the port of Acco

8)[line 9]MEVATZBETZES- bobbing

9)[line 11]BERIYAH- a creature

10)[line 11] BAL'ASAH V'HIKI'ASA- swallowed it and spit it out

11)[line 12]" , () ""KOROS BATEINU ARAZIM, REHITEINU BEROSIM"- "The beams of our house are [made of] cedar; our panels, of cypress" (Shir ha'Shirim 1:17). The Aramaic word "Rahit" means to run; it implies motion. Our Gemara understands that it refers to doors, which open and close often (RASHI).

12a)[line 15]NECHUSHTAN- their copper

b)[line 15] MUTZHEVES HAISAH- was yellow [like gold]

13)[line 15] NECHOSHES KELONISA- Corinthian copper [which is especially pure]

14)[line 16]GENAI- disgrace

15)[line 16] SHEL BEIS GARMO- [the Kohanim] of the Garmo family

16)[line 16] LECHEM HA'PANIM

(a)The Lechem ha'Panim (Showbread) refers to the 12 loaves arranged in two stacks (Sedarim) - six loaves to a stack - on the Golden Table of the Mishkan or Beis ha'Mikdash. The loaves are one Tefach thick and may not be Chametz. Fresh loaves are arranged on the Table every Shabbos and are left there through the following Shabbos. The loaves are eaten by Kohanim after their removal. (Vayikra 24:5-9).

(b)The house of Garmo were experts in the art of shaping the Lechem ha'Panim, which were baked in a particularly unusual form.

17)[line 17]KETORES

(a)Ketores is the name of the incense mixture burned on the golden Mizbe'ach in the Heichal of the Beis ha'Mikdash. It is burned twice each day; in the morning when the Kohen cleans out the lamps of the Menorah, and in the evening when the Kohen lights the Menorah. It consisted of the following eleven ingredients:

1.70 Maneh (350 pounds) of TZARI ("Sraf ha'Notef me'Atzei ha'Ketaf") - balsam tree sap

2.70 Maneh (350 pounds) of TZIPOREN ("Shecheles") - the root of a certain annual plant. Some identify Tziporen as a species of rock-rose - Cistus ladaniferus - which has fingernail-like petals. Alternatively, Tziporen may be onycha, a kind of flower.

3.70 Maneh (350 pounds) of CHELBENAH - a) galbanum; a yellow-brown gum resin obtained from a plant that grows in Persia; b) some maintain that Chelbenah is the gum of the common storax tree

4.70 Maneh (350 pounds) of LEVONAH - frankincense, otherwise known as oliban; a gum resin produced by certain trees in Arabia and India. The gum is yellowish and semi-transparent, with a bitter, nauseating taste. The gum is hard; when pulverized, it produces a powder. Burning this powder produced a strong aromatic odor.

5.16 Maneh (80 pounds) of MOR - myrrh

6.16 Maneh (80 pounds) KETZI'AH - cassia

7.16 Maneh (80 pounds) SHIBOLES NERD - spikenard

8.16 Maneh (80 pounds) KARKOM - saffron

9.12 Maneh (60 pounds) KOSHT - costus

10.3 Maneh (15 pounds) KILUFAH - cinnamon bark

11.9 Maneh (45 pounds) KINAMON - cinnamon

(b)In addition, the following ingredients were added as incinerating agents:

1.9 Kav (9 quarts) of BORIS KARSHINAH - vetch lye

2.3 Se'ah and 3 Kavim (app. 21 quarts) of YEIN KAFRISIN - a) the fermented juice of the caper-berry; alt., b) wine made from grapes that grow in Cyprus. If Yein Kafrisin is not available, then CHAMAR CHIVARYAN ATIK - very old strong white wine - is added instead

3.One quarter Kav (1 cup) of MELACH SEDOMIS - Sodomite salt

4.A small amount of MA'ALEH ASHAN - an ingredient that caused the smoke to rise straight up in the air; probably Leptadenia Pyrotechnica (due to the nitric acid it contains)

(c)Rebbi Nasan ha'Bavli says that a small amount of Kipas ha'Yarden (probably cyclamen) was added as well.

(d)The house of Avtinas were experts in the art of compounding the Ketores from the proper ingredients and in the proper manner.

18)[line 17] PEREK B'SHIR- a certain manner of producing a musical sound

19)[line 18] MA'ASEH HA'KESAV- a certain manner of writing

20)[line 18]" , ""ZECHER TZADIK L'VERACHAH, V'SHEM RESHA'IM YIRKAV"- "The memory of a righteous individual is for a blessing, but the name of the wicked shall rot" (Mishlei 10:7).

21)[line 19]UMNIN- craftsmen

22)[line 20]LIRDOS- removing them from the wall of an oven or mold

23a)[line 20] SHE'HALALU MASIKIN MIBA'CHUTZ- for these [Alexandrian craftsmen] would heat up [the oven] from the outside

b)[line 20] V'OFIN MIBA'CHUTZ- and bake [the Lechem ha'Panim] on the outside [of the oven, for fear that if they were baked inside they would be unable to remove them without breaking them]

24)[line 21] PITAN MIS'APSHOS- their bread would become moldy [due to that which it was not fully baked]

25)[line 21] " KOL MAH SHE'BARA...- This statement conveys the idea that HaSh-m grants wisdom to whom and when he desires.

26)[line 22]" , ...""KOL HA'NIKRA VI'SHEMI..."- "All that is called by My name and that I have created for My glory..." (Yeshayah 43:7).

27)[line 25] YOD'IN HAYU SHEL BEIS ABA- my forefathers knew [and passed down as a tradition to us]

28)[line 25] SHE'EINO MEHUGAN- who does not act properly

29)[line 26] PAS NEKIYAH- white bread

30)[line 27]NIZONIN- nourished

31)[line 29]L'FATEM- to compound [the Ketores]

32)[line 29] L'HA'ALOS ASHAN- to cause the smoke to rise straight up

33)[line 29] METAMER V'OLEH K'MAKEL- would rise up straight as a palm tree, like a stick

34)[line 30]MAFTZI'A- would spread out and disperse

35)[line 35]MEVUSEMES- perfumed

36)[line 35] MASNIN IMAH- they would make a condition with her

37)[line 36] HAYISI MEHALECH B'DERECH- I was walking along the way [after the Churban]

38)[line 37]HA'MAKOM- HaSh-m

39)[line 38] MI'ET KEVODAM- their glory is lessened [since there is no longer a Beis ha'Mikdash for which to compound Ketores]

40)[line 38]SACH- related

41)[line 39]SACHAK- laughed

42)[line 40] MA'ALEH ASHAN- an ingredient in the Ketores; see above, entry #17:b:4

43)[line 41] MEGILAS SAMEMANIN- a scroll upon which the list of ingredients in the Ketores was written, including illustrations of each ingredient (RASHASH) and the correct method of compounding them (KORBAN HA'EDAH to Shekalim 14b)

44)[last line]MI'KAN- from here [where it has been related that although the Chachamim wished to remove the families of Garmo and Avtinas from their positions, they were unable to and were forced to raise their wages]

45)[last line] B'SHIMCHA YIKAR'UCHA- [you need not worry that someone else will steal your livelihood, for] they will call you by name


46)[line 2] MELO NIMA- a hairsbreadth

47)[line 4]B'NE'IMAH- sweetly

48)[line 4]GODLO- his thumb

49)[line 5] BEIN HA'NIMIN- upon the cleft of his upper lip

50)[line 6] NIZKARIN B'VAS ROSH L'ACHOREIHEM- would jerk their heads back [in surprise]

51)[line 8]KULMUSIN- quills

52)[line 15]RAKVIVUS- (O.F. rodil) rust

53)[line 15] D'LO MASKINAN BI'SHEMAIHU- that we do not name [our children] after them

54)[line 16]B'DO'EG- Ravina poses a question from that which a child was named after Do'eg ha'Adomi, who was an advisor to David ha'Melech. He rebelled and is listed in the Mishnah (Sanhedrin 10:2) as one of those eight Resha'im who have no share in the world to come.

55)[line 17] []SHE'HINICHO [AVIV]- that his father [died and] left him

56)[line 18] NOSENES MISHKALO (SHEL) ZAHAV- give [the equivalent of] his [estimated additional] weight in gold

57)[line 19] UCHESHE'GAVAR HA'OYEV- and when the enemy (Rome) prevailed [in their siege at the time of the Churban]

58)[line 19]TAVCHASO- she slaughtered him

59)[line 19]" ; ' ""IM TOCHALNAH NASHIM..."- "... can it be that women should eat the fruit of their womb, the infants who they pampered? Can it be that a Kohen and prophet should be murdered in the sanctuary of HaSh-m?" (Eichah 2:20).

60)[line 21] !CHAZI MAI SALIK BEI!- see what happened to him!

61a)[line 21] TZADIK ME'ATZMO- a) a righteous individual [is remembered for good] based upon his own actions [only] (RASHI); b) when a righteous individual is remembered, he himself is blessed (RABEINU CHANANEL); c) one should always bless a righteous individual without being prompted (RITVA)

b)[line 21] V'RASHA ME'CHAVEIRO- a) a wicked individual is remembered for ill through the actions of other wicked people as well (RASHI); b) all wicked people are cursed when only one of them is mentioned (RABEINU CHANANEL); c) one should curse all Resha'im when - and only when - one is mentioned (RITVA)

62)[line 22], " "DI'CHESIV, "V'SHEM RESHA'IM YIRKAV"- Although the word "Tzadik" is written in singular form, "Resha'im" is written in plural form.

63)[line 23]AGADTA- the homiletic discussions of the Gemara

64)[line 25]"' , , ? , ""VA'SH-M AMAR..."- "And HaSh-m said, 'Shall I conceal from Avraham that which I am about to do (the destruction of Sedom and Amorah)? And Avraham will become a great and mighty nation, and all the nations of the earth shall be blessed through him'" (Bereishis 18:17-18).

65)[line 28]"... ""VA'YE'EHAL AD SEDOM"- "... and he (Lot) camped close to the city of Sedom" (Bereishis 13:12).

66)[line 31]OVADYAH- Ovadyah was an Edomite convert who served as the steward to King Achav of Yisrael. Although he lived in close proximity to Achav and his wife Izevel, both of whom were wicked to an extreme, he perfected himself to the extent that he reached the level of prophecy. His prophecies, which deal with the downfall and destruction of Edom (Esav), are recorded in Trei Asar.

67)[line 32]ESAV- Esav lived with his righteous parents, Yitzchak and Rivkah (RABEINU CHANANEL)

68)[line 32] MI'BIRCHASAN SHE TZADIKIM ...- in the same place that HaSh-m blesses the righteous, he curses the wicked

69)[line 34]" , - , ', ...""KI YEDATIV ..."- "For I have known him, due to the way in which he commands his children and his household after him to guard the way of HaSh-m and perform acts of charity and justice..." (Bereishis 18:19).

70)[line 36]"' ...""VA'HASH-M AMAR EL AVRAHAM..."- (Bereishis 13:14) - In the rest of this Parshah, HaSh-m promises Avraham that the entire land of Yisrael shall belong to him and his descendants, and that his descendants will be as uncountable as the dust of the earth.

71)[line 39]" , , [ ]""IMRU TZADIK KI TOV..."- "Say to [every] righteous person that it is good, [for they shall eat from the fruit of their deeds]" (Yeshayah 3:10). Our Gemara interprets this verse as, "Tell [every] righteous person who is good..."

72)[line 41]"... , () ...""KI ATAH HA'DA'AS MA'ASTA V'EM'ASECHA MI'KAHEN LI..."- "... for you have disdained knowledge, and I will disdain you such that you will not be allowed to serve Me..." (Hoshe'a 4:6).

73)[line 42]" , ...""V'ZARACH HA'SHEMESH U'VA HA'SHEMESH"- "And the sun shines and the sun sets..." (Koheles 1:5).

74a)[line 43]ELI- Eli ha'Kohen was the Kohen ha'Gadol at the time that Shmuel ha'Navi first arrived at the Mishkan, when it was located in Shiloh.

b)[line 43] SHMUEL HA'RAMASI- Shmuel ha'Navi, who led Klal Yisrael following the death of Eli ha'Kohen.

75)[line 44]SHESALAN- he planted them

76)[line 44]" ' , ""KI LA'SH-M METZUKEI ERETZ, VA'YASHES ALEIHEM TEVEL"- "... for the pillars of the earth belong to HaSh-m, and He places the world upon them" (Shmuel I 2:8). Our Gemara interprets the "pillars of the world" belonging to HaSh-m as Tzadikim.

77)[line 46]" ...""RAGLEI CHASIDAV YISHMOR..."- "The legs of his righteous ones he will guard..." (Shmuel I 2:9). Rebbi Chiya explains "Raglei" to mean "because of."

78)[line 46] !CHASIDAV TUVA MASHMA!- [the Gemara asks,] "Chasidav" implies more than one righteous individual!

79)[line 47], " "SHE'NE'EMAR, "RAGLEI CHASIDAV YISHMOR"- This interpretation understands "Raglei" to mean a) "the end" (RASHI); b) "what one is used to," related to the word "Ragil" (MAHARSHA); c) the Girsa of RABEINU CHANANEL is SHE'NE'EMAR, "RAGLEI CHASIDAV YISHMOR," CHASIDO KSIV - Since it is written in the singular form, it implies that the individual under discussion has proven his righteousness enough that he is considered to belong to HaSh-m.

80)[line 49]" ; (), ""IM LA'LETZIM HU YALITZ; VELA'ANAVIM, YITEN CHEN"- "If [one keeps the company of] those who belittle, he [too] will mock; but if he [keeps the company of] those who are humble, [HaSh-m] grant him favor" (Mishlei 3:34).

81)[line 49]L'TAMEI- to become Tamei; to commit sins

82a)[last line]NEFT- naphtha (any of several volatile mixtures of hydrocarbons obtained by distilling coal, tar, or petroleum; they are used as fuels and have a terrible odor)

b)[last line]AFARSEMON- balsam oil (a strong perfume)