1)

(a)Rebbi Yishmael in a Beraisa gives the Shiur of S'tirah (the time-period of seclusion that renders the woman a Sotah) as 'K'dei Tum'ah, K'dei Bi'ah, K'dei Ha'ara'ah, K'dei Hakafas Dekel'. What does he mean by that?

(b)Why will 'K'dei Tum'ah' alone not suffice. Why does he deem it necessary to add K'dei...

1. ... Bi'ah'?

2. ... Ha'ara'ah?

3. ... K'dei Hakafas Dekel?

(c)Then why did he need to add Tum'ah, Bi'ah and Ha'ara'ah?

1)

(a)Rebbi Yishmael in a Beraisa gives the Shiur of S'tirah (the time-period of seclusion that renders the woman a Sotah) as 'K'dei Tum'ah, K'dei Bi'ah, K'dei Ha'ara'ah, K'dei Hakafas Dekel', by which he means - that K'dei Tum'ah is equivalent to K'dei Bi'ah, which in turn, means K'dei Ha'ara'ah, which practically speaking, is K'dei Hakafas Dekel/

(b)Rebbi Yishmael deemed it necessary to add K'dei ...

1. ... Bi'ah' - because we would have otherwise added the time it takes to seduce the woman to the time of the actual Bi'ah.

2. ... 'K'dei Ha'ara'ah - since we do not require the G'mar Bi'ah (the time it takes to complete the Bi'ah).

3. ... K'dei Hakafas Dekel - to preclude the seduction time.

(c)And he needed to add Tum'ah, Bi'ah and Ha'ara'ah - to teach us K'dei Bi'ah (and Ha'ara'ah, as we already explained).

2)

(a)In the current Beraisa, Rebbi Eliezer gives the Shiur of S'tirah as 'K'dei Mezigas ha'Kos' (the time it takes to dilute a glass of wine), whereas in another Beraisa, he gives it as 'Chazaras Dekel'. How does ...

1. ... Abaye reconcile the fact that his opinion in the second Beraisa appears to coincide with the opinion of Rebbi Yishmael, whereas in the current Beraisa, he argues with him?

2. ... the Sugya reconcile the two 'different' opinions of Rebbi Eliezer himself?

(b)What are the two possible interpretations of 'K'dei Chazaras ha'Dekel'?

2)

(a)In the current Beraisa, Rebbi Eliezer gives the Shiur of S'tirah as 'K'dei Mezigas ha'Kos (the time it takes to dilute a glass of wine), whereas in another Beraisa, he gives it as 'Chazaras Dekel'. To reconcile ...

1. ... the fact that his opinion in the second Beraisa appears to coincide with the opinion of Rebbi Yishmael, whereas in the current Beraisa, he argues with him - Abaye differentiates between 'K'dei Hakafas Dekel' (which refers to a person walking round the date-palm), and 'K'dei Chazaras ha'Dekel' (which refers to the time it takes for a branch that was bent by the wind to return to its place).

2. ... the two 'different' opinions of Rebbi Eliezer himself - we equate the two Shi'urim as being one and the same.

(b)The two possible interpretations of 'K'dei Chazaras ha'Dekel' - are either the moment the branch returns to its former location, or only after it stops reverberating.

3)

(a)Rebbi Yehoshua gives the Shiur as 'K'dei Lishtoso'. How do we reconcile this with his opinion in the second Beraisa - 'K'dei Mezigas ha'Kos'?

(b)Why can we not equate the two opinions (like we did wit the two Shi'urim of Rebbi Eliezer)?

(c)ben Azai gives the Shiur as 'K'dei Litzlos Beitzah'. How do we reconcile this with his Shiur in the second Beraisa, which is 'K'dei Lishtoso'?

3)

(a)Rebbi Yehoshua gives the Shiur as 'K'dei Lishtoso'. We reconcile this with his opinion in the second Beraisa ('K'dei Mezigas ha'Kos') - by combining the two 'K'dei Limzog ha'Kos ve'Lishtoso'.

(b)We cannot equate the two opinions (like we did with the two Shi'urim of Rebbi Eliezer) - because then, his opinion would coincide with that of Rebbi Eliezer.

(c)ben Azai gives the Shiur as 'K'dei Litzlos Beitzah'. We reconcile this with his Shiur in the second Beraisa, which is 'K'dei Lishtoso' - by equating them (like we did wit the two Shi'urim of Rebbi Eliezer).

4)

(a)Rebbi Akiva gives the Shiur as 'K'dei Legom'ah' (to gulp down the partially-roasted egg of ben Azai). How will we reconcile this with his opinion in the second Beraisa, where he says 'K'dei Litzlos Beitzah'?

(b)Why can we not answer that the two are equivalent (like we answered ben Azai)?

(c)And how will we reconcile the Shiur of Rebbi Yehudah ben Beseirah, who says in the first Beraisa 'K'dei Ligmo'a Shalosh Beitzim, whereas in the second, he follows Rebbi Akiva's 'K'dei Litzlos Beitzah' with 'K'dei Legom'ah'?

4)

(a)Rebbi Akiva gives the Shiur as 'K'dei Legom'ah' (to gulp down the partially-roasted egg of ben Azai). We reconcile this with his opinion in the second Beraisa, where he says 'K'dei Litzlos Beitzah' - by combining the two 'K'dei Litzlos Beitzah u'Legom'a' (like we did with Rebbi Yehoshua).

(b)We cannot answer that the two are equivalent - because then it would coincide with the opinion of ben Azai.

(c)And we will reconcile the Shiur of Rebbi Yehudah ben Beseirah, who says in the first Beraisa 'K'dei Ligmo'a Shalosh Beitzim, whereas in the second, he follows Rebbi Akiva's 'K'dei Litzlos Beitzah' with 'K'dei Legom'ah' - by interpreting his second statement as a comment to Rebbi Akiva, as if to say 'Why do you need to come on to a combination of roasting and gulping down (one egg), when you could just as well have confine the Shiur to gulping down (three eggs) only.

5)

(a)According to Rebbi Eliezer ben Yirmiyah, the Shiur S'tirah is the time it takes to tie two ends of a thread that have come apart. Is he speaking when the ends are close to each other or when they are far apart and must also be brought together?

(b)According to Chanin ben Pinchas, the Shiur is the time it takes for a woman to place her hand in her mouth and remove a splinter, and according to P'limu, it is the time it takes for her to place her hand in a basket of loaves of bread and take out a loaf. What She'eilah does Rav Ashi ask with regard to both cases?

(c)He also asks whether the basket is new or old, and whether the bread is hot or cold. What difference does it make whether ...

1. ... the basket is new or old?

2. ... whether the bread is hot or cold?

(d)Finally, Rav Ashi asks two She'eilos regarding P'limu's example. One of them, whether he is referring to wheat-loaves (which are smooth and slip out of the hands) or barley-loaves (which are rough). What is the other?

5)

(a)According to Rebbi Eliezer ben Yirmiyah, the Shiur S'tirah is the time it takes to tie two ends of a thread that have come apart - Rav Ashi asks whether he is speaking when the ends are close to each other or when they are far apart and must also be brought together, a question which remains unanswered.

(b)According to Chanin ben Pinchas, the Shiur is the time it takes for a woman to place her hand in her mouth and remove a splinter, and according to P'limu, it is the time it takes for her to place her hand in a basket of loaves of bread and take out a loaf. Rav Ashi asks with regard to both cases - whether the object (the splinter and the loaf respectively) are loose (and easily removable) or tight (and need to be prized out).

(c)He also asks whether the basket is new or old, and whether the bread is hot or cold. The difference whether ...

1. ... the basket is new or old is - that an old basket is smooth, and the bread comes out easily, whereas a new basket still has twigs protruding from it which catch the loaves and make their removal more difficult.

2. ... whether the bread is hot or cold is - that hot bread is still soft, causing it to slip out of a person's hands whilst cold bread is easier to grasp.

(d)Finally, Rav Ashi asks two She'eilos regarding P'limu's example: whether he is referring to wheat-loaves (which are smooth and slip out of the hands) or barley-loaves (which are rough), and - whether he is referring to bread made from a soft dough (which slips out of the fingers) or from a hard dough (which are easier to grasp).

4b----------------------------------------4b

6)

(a)Rebbi Yochanan explains that each of the above Tana'im presented a Shi'ur S'tirah that they took from their personal experience. Why is this problematic with regard to ben Azai?

(b)Some say that he actually married, but divorced soon afterwards. Which other two answers could we give to explain the source of ben Azai's knowledge?

(c)From where do we know that Hash-m sometimes reveals hidden things to those who fear Him?

6)

(a)Rebbi Yochanan explains that each of the above Tana'im presented a Shiur S'tirah that they took from their personal experience. This is problematic with regard to ben Azai - because, although he was betrothed (to Rebbi Akiva's daughter), he never married (her).

(b)Alternatively - he could have heard the Shiur from his Rebbi or through Ru'ach ha'Kodesh.

(c)We know that Hash-m sometimes reveals hidden things to those who fear Him - from the Pasuk in Mishlei "Sod Hash-m li'Yere'av".

7)

(a)How does Rav Avira, sometimes citing Rebbi Ami, sometimes Rebbi Asi, explain the Pasuk in Mishlei "Ki be'ad Ishah Zonah ad Kikar Lechem"?

(b)On what grounds does Rava object to this explanation?

(c)So how does he explain the Pasuk?

(d)What does Rebbi Zerika Amar Rebbi Elazar say about someone who treats the Mitzvah of Netilas Yadayim with scorn?

7)

(a)Rav Avira, sometimes citing Rebbi Ami, sometimes Rebbi Asi, explains the Pasuk "Ki be'Ad Ishah Zonah ad Kikar Lechem" to mean - that someone who fails to wash his hands before eating bread will eventually end up having illicit relations with a prostitute.

(b)Rava objects to this explanation on the grounds - that the Pasuk should then have been inverted to read "be'ad Kikar Lechem ad Ishah Zonah".

(c)So he explains the Pasuk to mean - that anyone who has illicit relations with a prostitute, will eventually have to search for a loaf of bread.

(d)Rebbi Zerika Amar Rebbi Elazar says that someone who treats the Mitzvah of Netilas Yadayim with scorn - will eventually be uprooted from the world.

8)

(a)Rav Chiya bar Ashi Amar Rav requires raising one's hands after Netilas Yadayim. What does he say about someone who washes Mayim Acharonim?

(b)Why after Mayim ...

1. ... Rishonim, should one hold one's hands upwards?

2. ... Acharonim, should he hold them downwards?

(c)What does Rebbi Avahu say about someone who does not dry his hands properly after Netilas Yadayim and who then goes on to eat with wet hands?

8)

(a)Rav Chiya bar Ashi Amar Rav requires raising one's hands after Netilas Yadayim - and lowering them after Mayim Acharonim.

(b)After Mayim ...

1. ... Rishonim, one should hold one's hands upwards - so that, should he not have poured the second time over the water that ran up his wrist (and which consequently remains Tamei until he does), then, when he lowers his hands, that Tamei water will run back on to his hands making them Tamei again.

2. ... Acharonim, he should hold them downwards - so that the Melach Sedomis which is on them (which is the main reason for washing Mayim Acharonim and which is capable of blinding a person) is washed off his hands.

(c)Rebbi Avahu says that someone who does not dry his hands properly after Netilas Yadayim (and who then goes on to eat with wet hands) - is considered as if he had eaten something disgusting (which the Pasuk sometimes refers to as Tamei).

9)

(a)Based on the Pasuk in Mishlei "ve'Eishes Ish Nefesh Yekarah Titzod", what does Rebbi Chiya bar Aba Amar Rebbi Yochanan say about someone who is conceited?

(b)For what two reasons does Rava object to that interpretation of the Pasuk?

(c)How does he then explain the Pasuk?

9)

(a)Based on the Pasuk in Mishlei "ve'Eishes Ish Nefesh Yekarah Titzod", Rebbi Chiya bar Aba Amar Rebbi Yochanan says - that someone who is conceited will eventually commit adultery.

(b)Rava objects to Rebbi Yochanan's interpretation of the Pasuk - a. because the word "Yekarah" has different connotations, and b. because "Titzod" implies that it is the woman who will trap the 'Yekarah' .

(c)He therefore explains the Pasuk to mean - that someone who commits adultery, even if he studied a lot of Torah (about which the Pasuk in Mishlei writes "Yekarah Hi mi'Peninim" [meaning that Torah is more precious than the Kohen Gadol, who would enter 'Lifnai ve'Lifnim']), will eventually be trapped by her and will be sentenced to go to Gehinom.

10)

(a)What does Rebbi Yochanan quoting Rebbi Shimon bar Yochai learn from the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' "To'avas Hash-m Kol G'vah Leiv" (Mishlei) and "ve'Lo Savi So'eivah el Beisecha" (Va'eschanan)?

(b)What does Rebbi Yochanan himself learn from the Pasuk in Eikev "ve'Ram Levavecha, ve'Shachachta es Hash-m Elokecha"?

(c)What does Rebbi Chama bar Chanina learn from the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' "To'avas Hash-m Kol G'vah Leiv" (Mishlei) and "ki es Kol ha'To'evos ha'Eil Asu Anshei ha'Aretz ... " (va'Es'chanan)?

(d)Based on a play on words on the Pasuk in Yeshayah "Chidlu Lachem min ha'Adam Asher Neshamah be'Apo ki ba'Meh Nechshav Hu", what does Ula consider him as having done?

10)

(a)Rebbi Yochanan quoting Rebbi Shimon bar Yochai learns from the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' "To'avas Hash-m Kol G'vah Leiv" (Mishlei) and "ve'Lo Savi So'eivah el Beisecha" (Va'eschanan) - that someone who is conceited is considered as if he had worshipped idols.

(b)Rebbi Yochanan himself learns from the Pasuk in Eikev "ve'Ram Levavecha, ve'Shachachta es Hash-m Elokecha" - that it is as if he had denied Hash-m (by virtue of his having forgotten Him).

(c)Rebbi Chama bar Chanina learns from from the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' "To'avas Hash-m Kol G'vah Leiv" (Mishlei) and "ki es Kol ha'To'evos ha'Eil Asu Anshei ha'Aretz ... " (va'Es'chanan) - that someone who is conceited is considered as if he had committed adultery with all the Arayos.

(d)Based on a play on words on the Pasuk in Yeshayah "Chidlu Lachem min ha'Adam Asher Neshamah be'Apo ki ba'Meh Nechshav Hu" - Ula considers him as having built a Bamah (to idolatry).

11)

(a)Earlier, we quoted the Pasuk "To'avas Hash-m Kol G'vah Leiv". How does Rav explain the continuation of the Pasuk "Yad le'Yad Lo Yinakeh" (in conjunction with the Pasuk in Lech-Lecha "Harimosi Yadi el Hash-m Keil Elyon Koneh Shamayim va'Aretz"?

(b)de'Bei Rebbi Shiloh objects to Rav's D'rashah, on the grounds that the Navi ought then to have written "Yadi Lo Yinakeh". How does he therefore explain the Pasuk?

(c)Rebbi Yochanan in turn, objects to de'Bei Rebbi Shilo's explanation, on the grounds that the Navi should then have written "Yad mi'Yad (rather than le'Yad) Lo Yinakeh". So how does he explain it?

11)

(a)Earlier, we quoted the Pasuk "To'avas Hash-m Kol G'vah Leiv". Rav explains the continuation of the Pasuk "Yad le'Yad Lo Yinakeh" (in conjunction with the Pasuk in Lech-Lecha "Harimosi Yadi el Hash-m Keil Elyon Koneh Shamayim va'Aretz" - that even if a conceited man ascribes heaven and earth to Hash-m (like Avraham did), it will not save him from being sentenced to Gehinom.

(b)de'Bei Rebbi Shiloh objects to Rav's D'rashah, on the grounds that the Navi ought then to have written "Yadi Lo Yinakeh". He therefore explains the Pasuk to mean - that even if he had received the Torah from the Hand of Hash-m like Moshe, the conceited man would not be spared from having to go to Gehinom.

(c)Rebbi Yochanan in turn, objects to de'Bei Rebbi Shilo's explanation, on the grounds that the Navi should then have written "Yad mi'Yad (rather than le'Yad) Lo Yinakeh". So he explains it to mean - that even if he tended to give Tzedakah in secret (from his hand to the hand of the poor man), an act which, under normal circumstances, would save him from the Divine wrath (as it is written in Mishlei "Matan be'Seiser Yichpeh Af"), the conceited man will be sentenced to Gehinom.

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