[137a - 48 lines; 137b - 47 lines]

1)[line 1]ספראSIFRA- Toras Kohanim, one of the earliest commentaries on Vayikra, which was written by Rav (circa 220 C.E.) and which follows the opinion of Rebbi Yehudah

2)[line 12]רב יהודה מתני פטורRAV YEHUDAH MASNI PATUR- see Chart

3)[line 22]מה עבודת כוכביםMAH AVODAS KOCHAVIM- that is, with regard to idol-worship it is obvious that there are no circumstances in which one is Patur from a Korban since a Mitzvah was done, because it is impossible to perform a Mitzvah through an act of idol-worship (since idol-worship is an act of the heart, see Daf 72b Rashi DH Harei Libo).

4)[line 30]טריד מצוהTARID MITZVAH- he is busily engaged in and anxious about the performance of a Mitzvah (the circumcision of the baby who is supposed to have his circumcision today)

5)[line 40]בין השמשותBEIN HA'SHEMASHOS (the time-duration of [Halachic] sunset)

(a)Bein ha'Shemashos refers to the period of the day during which the sun begins to set, but has not yet finished setting (according to the Halachic definition of sunset). There is an uncertainty as to whether Bein ha'Shemashos is considered part of the day or part of the night.

(b)The Tana'im (Shabbos 34b) argue as to exactly when Bein ha'Shemashos occurs:

1.According to Rebbi Yehudah, Bein ha'Shemashos starts from the time the sun dips under the horizon and lasts for the time that it takes an average person to walk either two thirds or three quarters of a Mil (according to the various understandings of Rebbi Yehudah's statement in Shabbos 34b).

2.Rebbi Nechemyah explains that it lasts for the time that it takes an average person to walk half of a Mil. (The fact that RASHI in Nidah 53a and in Berachos 2b records this as the opinion of Rebbi Yehudah is discussed in Insights to Nidah 53:1.)

3.According to Rebbi Yosi, Bein ha'Shemashos lasts but as long as the (gentle) blink of an eye. Beforehand is day; afterwards is night. The Gemara (Nidah 53a) states that there is a difference of opinion as to whether the Bein ha'Shemashos of Rebbi Yosi occurs after or during the Bein ha'Shemashos of Rebbi Yehudah. Elsewhere, (Shabbos 35a), the Gemara concludes that Rebbi Yosi's Bein ha'Shemashos occurs after the end of Rebbi Yehudah's Bein ha'Shemashos.

6)[line 43]חלצתו חמהCHALATZTO CHAMAH- if his fever left him

7)[line 43]להברותוL'HAVROSO- for him to become healthy

8)[line 47]ציציןTZITZIN- strips [of skin]

9)[last line]העטרהHA"ATARAH- (lit. crown) the raised part of the Ever that is under the Orlah. See Insights.


10)[line 1]פרעPARA- to peel off the layer of skin that covers the tip of the Ever after the circumcision

11)[line 5]המסורבל בבשרHA'MESURBAL B'VASAR- who is fat (lit. "padded" with flesh)

12)[line 6]מתקשה ונראה מהולMISKASHEH V'NIR'EH MAHUL- his Milah is recognizable when his Ever stands erect

13)[line 11]נראה ואינו נראהNIR'EH V'EINO NIR'EH- it is unclear whether or not he is circumcised

14)[line 12]אקב''וAKB"V- Asher Kideshanu b'Mitzvosav v'Tzivanu

15)[line 16]אשר קידש ידיד מבטןASHER KIDASH YEDID MI'BETEN- (a) Who sanctified His beloved (Yitzchak) from the womb (with circumcision) (RASHI); (b) Who sanctified His beloved (Avraham) from the womb to serve Him (TOSFOS)

16)[line 17]חוק בשארו שםCHOK BI'SH'EIRO SAM- He established the statute of circumcision in his flesh

17)[line 19]צוהTZAVEI- command; [alt. TZIVAH - commanded]

18)[line 19]להציל ידידות שארינוL'HATZIL YEDIDUS SHE'EREINU- to save the Neshamah that is in our bodies

19)[line 19]משחתMI'SHACHAS- from Gehinom

20)[line 19]למען בריתוL'MA'AN BERISO- for the sake of the covenant of HaSh-m

21)[line 23]להטיףL'HATIF- and to cause to flow

22)[line 25]"אם לא בריתי יומם ולילה, חוקות שמים וארץ לא שמתי.""IM LO VERISI YOMAM VA'LAILAH, CHUKOS SHAMAYIM VA'ARETZ LO SAMTI."- "If not for my covenant by day and by night, I would not have established the ordinances (laws of nature) of heaven and earth." (Yirmeyahu 33:25)


23)[line 37]אוסופי אהל עראיOSOFEI OHEL ARA'I- adding on to the roof of a temporary tent

24)[line 38]פקק החלוןPEKAK HA'CHALON- a board used to seal a skylight (RASHI); alternatively a board used to seal a window, a shutter (TOSFOS Shabbos 125b DH Hakol)

25)[line 43]מכשירי אוכל נפשMACHSHIREI OCHEL NEFESH- actions performed in preparation for the cooking (or other preparatory Melachah which is permitted on Yom Tov) of food

26)[last line]תלא כוזא בסיכתאTALA KUZA B'SICHTA- if he hangs a small cup on a peg