OTHER LAWS OF IR HA'NIDACHAS
(Mishnah): Kisvei ha'Kodesh are buried.
Our Mishnah is not like R. Eliezer.
(Beraisa - R. Eliezer): If there is even one Mezuzah in a city, it cannot become an Ir ha'Nidachas.
Question: What is his reason?
Answer: We must fulfill "v'Es Kol Shelalah... v'Sarafta";
We cannot burn a Mezuzah - "Lo Sa'ason Ken la'Shem Elokeichem."
(Mishnah - R. Shimon): Hash-m says... (R. Yosi ha'Galili forbids using the city for gardens or orchards. R. Akiva permits.)
Suggestion: R. Yosi ha'Galili and R. Akiva argue about R. Avin's law.
(R. Avin): Wherever a Klal (general term) is given in a Mitzvas Aseh, and a Prat (specific term) in a Lav, we do not expound according to Klal u'Frat.
R. Akiva argues with R. Avin. ("V'Haysah Tel Olam" is a Klal (it forbids everything, even gardens). "Lo Sibaneh Od" is a Prat (it forbids houses). From a Klal u'Frat we only learn the Prat. Only houses are forbidden;
R. Yosi ha'Galili holds like R. Avin. He does not expound the Klal u'Frat. The Aseh forbids everything, and houses are forbidden also with a Lav.
Rejection: No, all agree with R. Avin. They argue about how to expound "Od";
R. Yosi ha'Galili expounds "Od" - it may not be rebuilt at all;
R. Akiva expounds, it may not be rebuilt like it was (but gardens are permitted).
(Mishnah - R. Akiva): It may not be rebuilt like it was, but gardens and orchards are permitted.
(Beraisa): Uprooted trees in the city are forbidden. Attached trees are permitted;
In another city, both attached and detached are forbidden.
Question: What does 'in another city' refer to?
Answer (Rav Chisda): It refers to Yericho - "v'Haysah ha'Ir Cherem (Hi v'Chol Asher Bah) la'Shem."
(Beraisa): "Va'Yashba Yehoshua... Arur ha'Ish... Asher Yakum u'Vanah Es ha'Ir ha'Zos Es Yericho bi'Vchoro Yeyasdenah uvi'Tz'iro Yatziv Delaseha" - one may not rebuild Yericho, even with a different name, and no city may be built and called Yericho;
"Banah Chi'el Beis ha'Eli (and he called it) Es Yericho ba'Aviram Bechoro Yisdah uvi'Sguv Tz'iro Hitziv Delaseha." (Ramah - alternatively, he rebuilt Yericho with a different name.)
(Beraisa): Granted, he did not realize that his firstborn died due to the curse, for Aviram was a Rasha. However, he should have realized that Seguv died due to the curse!
Objection: We have no source that Aviram or Seguv was a Rasha!
Correction: Rather, Chi'el was a Rasha. He should have realized that Aviram died due to the curse.
Question: Since it says that Aviram was his firstborn, we know that Seguv was younger!
Answer: This teaches that he kept burying his intermediate children while he was building it.
Achav was his close friend. Eliyahu and Achav came to visit him during his mourning (Ramah - to find the reason for his punishment).
Achav: Perhaps Yehoshua cursed that Yericho may not be rebuilt, even by a different name, and no city may be built and called Yericho;
Eliyahu: You are Correct!
Achav: Moshe's curse was not fulfilled. It says "va'Avadtem (if you will serve idolatry)... v'Lo Yihyeh Matar." I put idolatry in every furrow (in Eretz Yisrael), yet there is so much rain, that it is hard to go to serve them! Why was the curse of his Talmid (Yehoshua) fulfilled?!
Immediately, Eliyahu swore "Chai Hash-m... Im Yihyeh... Tal u'Matar (rain will come only through my decree)." He prayed, and Hash-m gave to him the key to rain.
ELIYAHU WITHHELD THE RAIN
Question: "(Hash-m told him) v'Nistarta b'Nachal... veha'Orvim Mevi'im Lo Lechem u'Vasar ba'Boker." Where did the bread and meat come from?
Answer (Rav Yehudah): They took it from Achav's slaughter house. (Ovadyah, a Tzadik, slaughtered it.).
"Va'Yivash ha'Nachal Ki Lo Hayah Geshem" - Hash-m saw that the drought was paining Yisrael, so he told Eliyahu to go to Tzarfas;
"Chalah Ben ha'Ishah" - Eliyahu prayed for the key of revival of the dead to revive the son (of the widow who gave to him to eat)..
Hash-m: I have three keys that I never entrusted to a Shali'ach (Rashi - except for you; Tosfos (Ta'anis 2a) - permanently) - birth, rain and Techiyas ha'Mesim. It is not proper that (you) the Talmid hold two, and the Rebbi holds only one;
Return the key of rain to me, and I will give to you the key of Techiyas ha'Mesim. (Eliyahu did so.) "Lech He'ra'eh El Achav v'Etnah Matar" (tell Achav that there will be rain).
A man of Galil: A parable explains this. A man locked his gate and lost the key, so he was not the one to open it. (Likewise, Eliyahu stopped the rain, so he did not restore it.)
Eliyahu used to come to R. Yosi's Beis Medrash. R. Yosi once taught 'our teacher Eliyahu was a Kapdan (temperamental)'. Eliyahu did not come for three days. When he came, R. Yosi asked why he had not come for three days.
Eliyahu: It is because you called me a Kapdan.
R. Yosi: This shows that you are a Kapdan!
THE COMING AND GOING OF RESHA'IM AND TZADIKIM
(Mishnah): "V'Lo Yidbak b'Yadcha Me'umah Min ha'Cherem" - as long as there are Resha'im in the world, Hash-m's anger is in the world...
Question: Which Resha'im does the Mishnah refer to?
Answer (Rav Yosef): It refers to thieves.
(Beraisa): When a Rasha enters the world, anger enters the world - "b'Vo Rasha Ba Gam Buz..."
When a Rasha leaves the world, good comes to the world - "uva'Avod Resha'im Rinah."
When a Tzadik leaves the world, evil comes to the world - "Mipnei (before) ha'Ra'ah Ne'esaf ha'Tzadik";
When a Tzadik comes to the world, good comes to the world - "Zeh (Noach) Yenachamenu mi'Ma'asenu umi'Etzvon Yadenu."