THE DISGRACE OF THE THIRD GROUP
(Mishnah): The first group left...
(Beraisa): The third group is called 'the lazy group'.
Question: We need three groups!
Answer: Nevertheless, they should have been zealous to be among the first groups!
(Beraisa): The world needs perfumers and tanners - fortunate is a perfumer, but woe to the tanner (he works with excrement and absorbs a bad smell).
The world needs males and females - fortunate is one who has sons, woe to the one with daughters (Sanhedrin 100B - a girl's father has many worries, lest she will be seduced, be Mezanah, not get married, be barren, or do witchcraft).
THE BLOOD ON THE FLOOR
(Mishnah): It is offered on Shabbos...[Kohanim washed the floor - Chachamim disapproved].
Question: Which Chachamim disapproved?
Answer #1 (Rav Chisda): R. Eliezer would object, but Chachamim say that it is only Shevus, which does not apply in the Mikdash.
Question: What is the source that they argue about this?
Answer (Beraisa - R. Eliezer): If one milked, curdled milk or made cheese the Shi'ur of k'Grogeres, swept (this is like rinsing a floor) or Ribetz (sprinkled water to prevent dust from rising) or removed cakes of honey from a hive:
If he did so on Shabbos b'Shogeg, he is Chayav Chatas; if he did so on Yom Tov b'Mezid, he gets 40 lashes.
Chachamim say, these [last three - they agree about the first three] are only Shevus on Shabbos or Yom Tov.
Answer #2 (Rav Ashi): Even Chachamim [of R. Eliezer] disapproved - the Mishnah is like R. Noson:
(Beraisa - R. Noson): Chachamim permitted [in the Mikdash] only Shevus necessary for the Avodah.
(Mishnah - R. Yehudah): They would gather a cup of blood...
(Beraisa - R. Yehudah): They would gather a cup from the blood on the floor from all the Korbanos and throw it on the Mizbe'ach, to Machshir a Korban in case its blood spilled;
Chachamim: The blood [fell straight from the neck, it] was never received in a Keli [it is Pasul]!
Question: How do Chachamim know this?!
Correction - Chachamim: Perhaps the blood was never received in a Keli!
R. Yehudah: We do this because [at least some of] the blood was received in a Keli [and later spilled].
Question: How does R. Yehudah know this?!
Answer: Kohanim are zealous [to receive the blood in time].
Question: If so, why did it spill?
Answer: Because they are zealous [they work quickly, therefore] it spilled.
Question: It is mixed with Dam Tamtzis (blood that drips out, it is Pasul for Zerikah - surely Dam Tamtzis is the majority, for we let all of it drip on the floor)!
Answer #1: This is like R. Yehudah holds elsewhere, that Dam Tamtzis is proper blood:
(Beraisa): A Lav forbids [eating] Dam Tamtzis;
R. Yehudah says, it is forbidden by Kares.
Objection: But R. Elazar taught that R. Yehudah admits that Dam Tamtzis is not Mechaper!
"B'Nefesh Yechaper" - only Dam ha'Nefesh is Mechaper.
Answer #2: This is as R. Yehudah holds elsewhere, that blood does not Mevatel blood [because it is Min b'Mino].
(Beraisa - R. Yehudah): According to you, why do they plug up the Azarah [to keep the blood inside]?
Chachamim: It is praiseworthy for Kohanim to serve when they are up to their knees in blood!
Question: The blood is a Chatzitzah between the Kohen and the floor!
Answer: It is wet, so it is not a Chatzitzah.
(Mishnah): The following are a Chatzitzah if they are dry, not if they are wet - blood, ink, milk and honey.
Question: The Bigdei Kehunah will get dirty!
(Mishnah): If a Kohen served with dirty clothes, the Avodah is Pasul.
Suggestion: The Kohanim lift their garments.
Rejection: "Mido" - his garments must be like his Midah (size; Rashi - theys ` reach to the ground), they cannot be too long or short.
Answer #1: Their clothes may be dirty when they take the limbs to the ramp, for this is not Avodah.
Rejection: Since a Kohen must do it, it is Avodah!
(Beraisa): "V'Hikriv ha'Kohen Es ha'Kol" - this is taking limbs to the ramp.
Answer #2: Rather, their clothes may be dirty when they bring wood to the Ma'arachah (the pile on the Mizbe'ach), this is not Avodah.
Question: The Kohanim bringing limbs to the ramp and blood to the Mizbe'ach must keep their garments clean - how can they do this?
Answer: They stand on platforms (they are built into the floor, so they are not a Chatzitzah).
THE END OF THE HAKRAVAH
(Mishnah) Question: How do we suspend and flay? ...They tore the animal and removed the Eimurim; he put them in a bowl and burned them on the Mizbe'ach (R. Akiva Eiger's text).
Question: [The Zar himself flays -] he may not burn them on the Mizbe'ach!
Answer: It should say 'to be burned on the Mizbe'ach'.
(Mishnah): [On Shabbos] the first group left...
(Beraisa): Everyone puts his Pesach in its skin and carries it over his back.
(Rav Ilish): This is like Aravi merchants! (Ya'avetz - he teaches that one should lower himself to endear and honor Mitzvos.)
WHICH NEEDS OF PESACH OVERRIDE SHABBOS?
(Mishnah): The following needs of offering Pesach [on Shabbos] Docheh (override) Shabbos - slaughter, Zerikah, Michuy (this will be explained) of the innards and Haktarah of the Chelev;
Roasting it and rinsing the innards are not Docheh Shabbos.
Carrying it (even though Reshus ha'Rabim, carrying a being that can walk is only Shevus), bringing it from outside the Techum and cutting a wart off it are not Docheh;
R. Eliezer says, a Kal va'Chomer teaches that they are Docheh Shabbos!
Slaughtering is an Av Melachah, yet it is Docheh Shabbos - these are only Shevus, all the more so they are Docheh Shabbos!
R. Yehoshua: Yom Tov disproves this - Melachah [of food preparation] is permitted, nevertheless Shevus is forbidden!
R. Eliezer: You cannot bring a proof from Reshus (something optional) to a Mitzvah (perhaps we are more lenient for a Mitzvah)!
R. Akiva: Haza'ah (sprinkling with Mei Chatas to Metaher from Tum'as Mes) is only Shevus, nevertheless it is forbidden even for a Mitzvah [e.g. if the only way he can become Tahor in time to offer Pesach is if he will be sprinkled on Shabbos] - therefore it is reasonable that other Shevusim are forbidden for a Mitzvah!
R. Eliezer: My Kal va'Chomer also permits this! Slaughtering is an Av Melachah, yet it is Docheh Shabbos - Haza'ah is only Shevus, all the more it is Docheh!