[83a - 47 lines; 83b - 34 lines]
1)[line 1]אף רבי יוסי הגליליAF REBBI YOSI HA'GELILI- even Rebbi Yosi ha'Gelili [agrees with the opinion of Rebbi Yochanan ben Berokah and Rebbi Nechemyah]
2)[line 2]כל הענין כולוKOL HA'INYAN KULO- the entire verse [of "v'Chol Chatas Asher Yuva..."; see Background to 82:16]
3)[line 2]פרים הנשרפיםPARIM HA'NISRAFIM
(a)There are certain occasions when the Torah requires that a bull be offered as a Korban Chatas. The blood of such Chata'os is dashed on the Paroches and the Mizbe'ach ha'Ketores in the Heichal. The meat of these bulls is burned in its entirety in the same place outside of Yerushalayim where the ashes from the Mizbe'ach are deposited daily.
(b)These Korbanos Chatas include:
1.the bull offered by the Kohen Gadol as a Chatas on Yom Kippur, the blood of which is also sprinkled in the Kodshei Kodashim in addition to the above-mentioned areas (Vayikra 16:27);
2.the bull offered by the Kohen Gadol if he sins unintentionally, known as the Par Kohen Gadol (Vayikra 4:12);
3.the bull offered by the Sanhedrin if they erred in a Halachic ruling and caused the people to sin b'Shogeg, known as a Par He'elem Davar (Vayikra 4:21).
4)[line 3]שעירים הנשרפיןSE'IRIM HA'NISRAFIN
(a)There are certain occasions when the Torah requires that a goat be offered as a Korban Chatas. The blood of such Chata'os is dashed on the Paroches and the Mizbe'ach ha'Ketores in the Heichal. The meat of these goats is burned in its entirety in the same place outside of Yerushalayim where the ashes from the Mizbe'ach are deposited daily.
(b)These occasions are:
1.on Yom Kippur, when the blood of the goat is dashed in the Kodshei Kodashim as well (Vayikra 16:27);
2.if an entire community should unintentionally worship idolatry base on an erroneous ruling of the Sanhedrin (Bamidbar 15:22-26).
5)[line 7]מכלל...MICHLAL...- Rebbi Yosi derives from the Chatas of Aharon that every Chatas whose blood has left the Azarah must be immediately burned without requiring Ibur Tzurah. Rabah assumes that the same Halachah would apply to any Pesul which is extrinsic, such as the owner of the Korban becoming Tamei.
6)[line 8]ורבי יוחנןV'REBBI YOCHANAN- and Rebbi Yochanan [who did not include Rebbi Yosi ha'Gelili along with Rebbi Nechemyah]
7)[line 10]הגידיןHA'GIDIN- sinews
8)[line 14]ששימשו נותרSHE'SHIMSHU NOSAR- which served Nosar; i.e., which contain marrow of a Korban that has been left over longer than the time within which that Korban must be consumed
9)[line 15]בסיסBASIS- a base
10)[line 17]מוחMO'ACH- marrow
11)[line 18]נשדינהוNISHDINHU- throw them away
12)[line 20]אמטו להכיAMATU L'HACHI- because of this
13)[line 22]נתברינהוNISBERINHU- let us break them
14)[line 22]ונחלצהU'NECHALTZAH- and remove
15)[line 26]"[... ועצם לא תשברו] בו""V'ETZEM LO SISHBERU] VO"- "... and you should not break any bone in it" (Shemos 12:46)
16)[line 27]המותירHA'MOSIR- one who leaves over [to become Nosar; see Background to 81:26]
17)[line 29]שעת הכושרSHE'AS HA'KOSHER- a time when it was able to be eaten
18)[line 40]מפני התקלהMIPNEI HA'TAKALAH- since it is prohibited to break its bones [and remove the marrow of Nosar within in order to burn it]
19)[line 44]חלוציןCHALUTZIN- [broken,] with their marrow removed
20)[line 46]קמיKAMEI- before
21)[line 1]צבורין צבוריןTZEVURIN TZEVURIN- heaped in piles
22)[line 1]מהןME'HEN- some of them; that is, the ones on top
23)[line 3]לכולהו הוה חליץ להו ואכיל להוL'KULHU HAVAH CHALITZ LEHU V'ACHIL LEHU- he [broke and] removed the marrow from all of them, and then ate it. Rav Zevid argues with Rav Kahana and explains that this Beraisa teaches us that one may assume this to be the case without checking the rest of the pile. (See Insights.)
24)[line 6]כל הגידין בשרKOL HA'GIDIN BASAR- all sinews are considered to be meat (for the purposes of including them when determining how many k'Zeisim there are in a particular Korban Pesach). No more than one person per k'Zayis may be appointed to any Pesach.
25)[line 7]גידי צוארGIDEI TZAVAR- the sinews of the neck [which are tough and nearly inedible]
26)[line 13]גיד הנשהGID HA'NASHEH
(a)The Gid ha'Nasheh is the sciatic nerve - the large main nerve of the lower extremity - which runs down the back of the rear leg. Eating the part of the Gid ha'Nasheh located on the rounded part of flesh ("Kaf") which sits upon the hipbone is prohibited by the Torah (Bereishis 32:33).
(b)Rebbi Yehudah is of the opinion that this prohibition applies to only one leg. He then declares that "knowledge determines" that this is the right leg. It is unclear if his intention is that it may be inferred from the Torah that only the Gid ha'Nasheh of the right leg is prohibited, or if it is most likely that the Gid which is prohibited is the right one, although we cannot be absolutely certain. According to all other Tana'im, this prohibition applies equally to the Gid ha'Nasheh of both rear legs (Chulin 90b).
(c)This prohibition applies to both wild and domesticated four-legged animals, but does not apply to birds.
(d)Aside from the Gid, which is prohibited by the Torah, certain nearby fats and nerves are prohibited mid'Rabanan.
27)[line 15]והדעת מכרעתVEHA'DA'AS MACHRA'AS- see previous entry (#26:b)
28)[line 21]שמנוSHAMNO- the fat [surrounding]
29)[line 23]חיצוןCHITZON- the [smaller] outer [sinew]
30)[line 26]ואין חייבין עליוV'EIN CHAYAVIN ALAV- [however,] one does not receive [Malkus] for [eating] it [since it is only prohibited mid'Rabanan]
31)[line 27]עשהASEI- the positive commandment [to burn Nosar; see Background to 81:26]
32)[line 27]לא תעשהLO SA'ASEI (OCHEL NEFESH)
(a)The Mishnah (Megilah 7b) states that the only difference between Shabbos and Yom Tov is that food preparation is permitted on Yom Tov. This is stated in the following verse: "Kol Melachah Lo Ye'aseh ba'Hem, Ach Asher Ye'achel l'Chol Nefesh Hu Levado Ye'aseh Lachem" - "No Melachah may be performed on them (Yom Tov); only that which is done in order to prepare food which may be eaten by anybody; only this may be performed by you" (Shemos 12:16). This verse prohibits those actions which are forbidden on Shabbos to be performed on Yom Tov, with the exception of food preparation.
(b)The allowance to perform Melachah on Yom Tov for food preparation is limited to the Melachos of Hotza'ah mi'Reshus li'Reshus (the transferal of objects from one domain to another) and Hav'arah (the transferal of fire). However, once these Melachos are permitted for the purpose of food preparation, they are permitted for any purpose (RAMBAM Hilchos Yom Tov 1:4).
33)[line 30]שאין תלמוד לומר "עד בקר"SHE'EIN TALMUD LOMAR "AD BOKER"- it is not necessary for the Torah to re-write the words "Ad Boker"
34)[line 32]"עולת שבת בשבתו...""OLAS SHABBOS B'SHABBATO..."- "The Korban Olah of every Shabbos (should be offered as a Musaf offering) on its own Shabbos..." (Bamidbar 28:10).
35)[line 33]ולא עולת חול ביום טובV'LO OLAS CHOL B'YOM TOV- but [any part of] a weekday Olah (or for that matter, any Korban - such as the Korban Pesach, which is offered on Erev Pesach) should not be burned on Yom Tov
36)[last line]"... הוא לבדו יעשה לכם""... HU LEVADO YE'ASEH LACHEM"- see above, entry #32:a
37)[last line]מכשיריוMACHSHIRAV- Melachah necessary in order to cook food on Yom Tov [which could have been performed prior to Yom Tov]