1)

A PARTIALLY ANNULLED VOW (Yerushalmi Perek 10 Halachah 1 Daf 32a)

ואין צורך לומר שקיים א' מהן.

(a)

(Mishnah): We need not say that if one affirmed the vow [it is not annulled].

איתא חמי היפר האב אין מופר ואת אמר הכין.

(b)

Question: See how this is - [the Reisha taught that] if her father annulled [but her husband did not, or vice-versa,] it is not annulled. Do you [need to] say so (if one of them affirmed, it is not annulled)?!

לא על הדא אתאמרת אלא הדא היפר האב את חלקו לא הספיק הבעל להפר עד שמת. [דף לב עמוד ב] האב מיפר חלקו של בעל.

(c)

Answer: It was not said here, rather, about [the following Beraisa]. If the father annulled his share, and the husband did not suffice to annul before he died, the father annuls the husband's share.

אמר ר' נתן זו דברי ב"ש אבל דברי חכמים אין צורך להפר

1.

(R. Nasan): This is Beis Shamai's opinion, but Chachamim (Beis Hillel) say that [the father] need not annul [the husband's share].

בשלא הקם. אבל אם הקם אינו יכול להפר.

(d)

Limitation: This is when he did not affirm, but if he affirmed, he cannot annul.

את אמר האב מיפר חלקו של בעל ביקש להקם אמר מוקם ליך סתם מוקם ליך סתם מופר לך חלקו של בעל.

(e)

You say that the father can annul the husband's share. If he wanted to affirm, he says 'it is affirmed for you' - Stam (without specifying) 'it is affirmed for you' or Stam 'it is annulled for you' refers to the husband's share.

פשיטא דא מילתא לא היפר האב את חלקו ועברה על נדרה לוקה.

(f)

The following is obvious. If the father did not annul his share, [even if the husband annulled his share] and she transgressed her vow, she is lashed.

היפר האב ולא היפר הבעל מהו שתלקה. או מאחר שאם ימות הבעל מתרוקנת אצל האב אינה לוקה

(g)

Question: If the father annulled, and the husband did not annul, is she lashed? Or, perhaps since if her husband will die, [authority to annul] goes totally to the father, she is not lashed?

ניחא כמאן דמר אין מיתה בהפרה.

(h)

Limitation: This is fine (that we ask) according to the opinion that there is no death (that requires also) Hafarah (i.e. Chachamim, who say that if the father annulled his share, and the husband died, the father need not annul the husband's share. Since sometimes the father's Hafarah alone helps, perhaps it always exempts from lashes);

ברם כמאן דמר יש מיתה בהפרה. מיתה כהפרה היא. וכן מכיון שאינו מיפר לה ועברה על נדרה לוקה

1.

However, according to the opinion that there is death (that requires also) Hafarah (Beis Shamai, who say that if the father annulled his share, and the husband died, the father annuls the husband's share) death [is not] Hafarah, since [her husband] did not annul [his share at all] and she transgressed her vow, [obviously] she is lashed! (Based on PNEI MOSHE.)

תני היפר האב את חלקו ולא הספיק הבעל להפר עד שמת הבעל האחרון מיפר לה חלקו של ראשון.

(i)

(Beraisa): If the father annulled his share, and the husband did not annul his share before he died (and she remarried), the latter husband can annul the first husband's share.

אמר [צ"ל ר', כלקמן סוף הלכה ג] יוסי מתניתא אמרה כן אביה ובעלה האחרון מפירין נדריה:

(j)

Support:(R. Yosi - Mishnah): Her father and the last husband annul her vows.

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