GITIN 66 (3 Av) - dedicated l'Iluy Nishmas Reb Aharon Dovid ben Elimelech Shmuel Kornfeld (Muncasz/Israel/New York), who passed away on 3 Av 5761, by his daughter Diane Koenigsberg and her husband Dr. Andy Koenigsberg. May his love for Torah and for Eretz Yisrael continue in all of his descendants.

[66a - 51 lines; 66b - 47 lines]

1)[line 1]דרא רבי אבינא לסילתיהDARA REBBI AVINA L'SILTEI- Rebbi Avina carried his sack (of food for the road)

2)[line 11]מתנת שכיב מרע במקצת היאMATNAS SHECHIV MERA B'MIKTZAS HI

(a)A Shechiv Mera is a person lying on his deathbed. Normally, in order to transfer one's possessions to someone else, a proper Kinyan must be executed (see Background to Gitin 13:7), which will later be written in a Shtar. The Chachamim instituted that a Shechiv Mera may effect a Kinyan and transfer his property by simply requesting verbally that the transfer take place. If he recovers, the Kinyan is not valid, because it is clear that he executed the Kinyan only because he thought that he was going to die.

(b)However, if the Shechiv Mera gives as a gift only a portion of his property ("Matanah b'Miktzas"), then the transaction does not take effect until he makes a formal Kinyan. The reason is because by keeping some of his property to himself, he shows that he expects to live and is not giving away his property because he anticipates dying, and thus his gift has the status as that of a healthy person and it requires a Kinyan to take effect.

3)[line 19]כדי לייפות את כחוKEDEI L'YAPOS ES KOCHO- in order to increase his (the recipient's) strength (such that no matter what happens, the recipient will receive the gift)

4)[line 24]שדSHED- a demon

5)[line 25]אידמויי אידמוIDMUYEI IDMU- make themselves similar to the form of a person

6a)[line 26]בבואהBAVU'AH- a shadow

b)[line 27]בבואה דבבואהBAVU'AH D'VAVU'AH- the shadow of a shadow (i.e. an extended, or especially dark, shadow - see Pischei Teshuvah EH 17:49)

7)[line 28]לימדני יונתן בני בבואה אית להוLIMDANI YONASAN BENI, BAVU'AH IS LEHU- Yonasan Beni taught me that the (the demons) have shadows (according to the reading of the Gemara in Yevamos 122a, "Yonasan Beni" is instead "Yonasan Sheida," referring either to (a) Yonasan the Demon, or (b) Yonasan, the expert on demons

8)[line 29]ודלמא צרה היאV'DILMA TZARAH HAVAI- but perhaps it was her co-wife (trying to force her to become prohibited to their husband)

9)[line 32]הבריאHA'BARI- a healthy man

10)[line 33]לשחק בהL'SACHEK BAH- to fool (taunt) her

11)[line 37]אם הוכיח סופו על תחילתוIM HOCHI'ACH SOFO AL TECHILASO- if [what occurs later, at] the end proves what [his intention] was at the beginning

12)[line 43]מקרי ינוקאMAKREI YENUKA- a teacher of young children (who teaches them

13)[line 44]מי משוו אינשי ברא שליחא במקום אבאMI MASHVU INSHEI BERA SHELICHA BI'MKOM ABA- do people make a son a Shali'ach in the presence of the son's father?


14)[line 5]איש אונוISH ONO- a man of the town of Ono. Ono was a Jewish town three Mil away from Lod (Lod was located in the present-day city by that name, southeast of Tel Aviv).

15)[line 8]נומינו לשליחNUMEINU LA'SHALI'ACH- we said to the messenger

16)[line 9]לבית דין הגדול שבירושליםBEIS DIN HA'GADOL SHEB'YRUSHALAYIM- the Beis Din of the Lishkas ha'Gazis (the Jewish Supreme Court), known as the Great Sanhedrin of 71 judges. The Lishkas ha'Gazis (The Chamber of Hewn Stone) was partially built in the Azarah of the Beis ha'Mikdash. The Great Sanhedrin was the highest Halachic authority before which the most difficult cases were brought (Devarim 17:8).

17)[line 17]תצאTETZEI- if the woman married another man based on this Get, she must get divorced (literally "she must leave" him) due to the doubtful validity of the Get

18)[line 19]ומספקא ליה מיליU'MESAPKA LEI, MILEI, IY MIMSERAN L'SHALI'ACH - and he is in doubt whether "Milei" can be given over to a Shali'ach

(a)It is possible to make a Shali'ach (an agent) to establish all Kinyanim (acquisitions; the word "Kinyan" connotes a change of ownership or status, such as sales, gifts, Gitin and Kidushin). The Gemara states, "Shelucho Shel Adam Kemoso," i.e. [the act performed by] the Shali'ach of a person is like [an act performed by the person] himself (Kidushin 41b).

(b)A Shali'ach can appoint another Shali'ach in his place, as long as the person who sent him has no objections. The Gemara explains that this only applies if the Shali'ach was given an object with which he was expected to effect a Kinyan (e.g., if the Shali'ach was given a Get to deliver to the person's wife). If the Shali'ach only received verbal instructions ("Milei") to execute, however, his appointment is not considered authoritative enough for the Shali'ach to appoint another Shali'ach. (See Insights.)

19)[line 24]כתב ידןKSAV YADAN- their handwriting (i.e. signatures)

20)[line 35]בי דינא חדתאBEI DINA CHADTA- a new Beis Din

21)[line 46]נפיק מינה חורבהNAFIK MINAH CHURVA- damage (destruction) will result from it