12th Cycle Dedication

ERCHIN 6-9 - Two weeks of study material have been dedicated by Mrs. Estanne Abraham Fawer to honor the twelfth Yahrzeit of her father, Rav Mordechai ben Eliezer Zvi (Rabbi Morton Weiner) Z'L, who passed away on 18 Teves 5760. May the merit of supporting and advancing Dafyomi study -- which was so important to him -- during the weeks of his Yahrzeit serve as an Iluy for his Neshamah.

[9a - 16 lines; 9b - 35 lines]

1)[line 1]סיהראSIHARA- moon


2)[line 3]יום הנףYOM HA'NEF (CHADASH) - on the day of the waving (and offering) of the Korban ha'Omer, the sixteenth of Nisan (see Background to Erchin 4:4a)

Chadash is any grain that has not begun to take root until after the Korban ha'Omer is brought on the second day of Pesach. This grain may not be eaten until next year's Korban ha'Omer is brought (or, when there is no Beis ha'Mikdash, until the day that it would have been brought), as it states in Vayikra 23:14.

3)[line 4]לאור עיבורוL'OR IBURO- on the night that follows the thirtieth day of the month (which marks the first of the new month, if the first month was a leap (30-day) month)

4a)[line 12]סיתואSITVA- in winter

b)[line 12]קייטאKAITA- in summer

5)[line 14]אין בין עצרת לעצרת ואין בין ראש השנה לראש השנה אלא ארבעה ימים בלבדEIN BEIN ATZERES L'ATZERES V'EIN BEIN ROSH HASHANAH L'ROSH HASHANAH ELA ARBA'AH YAMIM BILVAD

The day of the week on which Shavu'os and Rosh Hashanah fall, respectively, in two consecutive years is always four days apart. (For example, if Shavu'os occurs on Sunday this year, then it will occur next year on Thursday. The Halachah does not follow this opinion.)

6)[line 32]בנדרים הלך אחר לשון בני אדםB'NEDARIM HALECH ACHAR LESHON BNEI ADAM

We explain the meaning of a Neder based on colloquial usage. The Gemara here mentions the example of one who made a Neder to refrain from eating or doing something for the period of a lunar year. Even though, technically, a lunar year can fluctuate in length, the Neder has effect for a period of 354 days, since this is the amount of time which people refer to as a "year."