hebrew
1)

What exactly are Duda'im? Why did Reuven bring specifically them to his mother?

1.

Rashi: 'Duda'im' are jasmin [which look pretty and have a fragrant aroma].

2.

Rashbam: Figs, which have a pleasant aroma.

3.

Ramban and Seforno: An herb called 'Kanfasga' 1 , which has a pleasant aroma and promotes pregnancy. 2 Reuven brought them to his mother 3 when he saw that she was upset at the cessation of her ability to bear children.


1

See Ramban, who is skeptical about the opinion cited by the Ibn Ezra, that this herb is a Segulah (possesses mystical powers) for pregnancy.

2

Like garlic, which Chazal encourage to eat on Friday night - and perhaps even more than that (Seforno).

3

Even though it was out of season, he found them by chance (Ramban).

2)

What is the significance of the fact that Reuven found the Duda'im in a field?

1.

Rashi: The Torah stresses it to point out that, in spite of the fact that it was the harvest season of the crops, Reuven (who was only a little boy) did not take wheat or barley, but from wild flowers that were Hefker.

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