BECHOROS 58 (11 Sivan) - Dedicated to commemorate the Yahrzeit of Chaim Yoseph ben Ephraim Henach ha'Levi z'l.

[58a - 49 lines; 58b - 39 lines]

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We recommend using the textual changes suggested by the Bach and the marginal notes of the Vilna Shas. This section is devoted to any other important corrections that Acharonim have pointed out in the Gemara, Rashi and Tosfos.

[1] Rashi 58b DH v'Notel ד"ה ונוטל:

The words "Ki Nafik b'Reish Asarah" כי נפיק בריש עשרה

should be "Mi Nafik b'Reish Asarah" מי נפיק בריש עשרה (RASHASH)


1)[line 5]דטבלה כגורןD'TAVLAH K'GOREN- it makes the animals forbidden to be eaten and sold, just as grain which is made into a pile on the threshing floor becomes Tevel and is forbidden to be eaten until it is tithed

2)[line 7]?פלגא דמאיPALGA D'MAI?- half of what?

3)[line 12]אדר הסמוך לניסןADAR HA'SAMUCH L'NISAN- the month of Adar that is contiguous to Nisan (this is the ordinary Adar in a regular year, and Adar Sheni in a leap year)

4)[line 17]לא נפישיLO NEFISHEI- there are not many [animals]

5)[line 31]משום סקרתאMISHUM SIKRESA- because of the red dye with which he marks the Ma'aser animal

6)[line 35]לא מצי קאי אטעמייהוLO MATZI KA'I A'TAIMAIHU- that he is not able to ascertain their reasoning

7)[line 38]הקרח הזהHA'KERE'ACH HA'ZEH- this bald-headed one; this refers to Rebbi Akiva (RASHI) or to Rebbi Elazar ben Azaryah (RABEINU NISIM in TOSFOS; see TZON KODASHIM)


8)[line 8]דירDIR- a corral

9)[line 11]סוקר בסיקראSOKER B'SIKRA- he marks it with a red dye

10)[line 22]גועותGO'OS- they wail

11)[line 22]ולפקינהו אינהוV'LIFKINHU INHU- let him forcibly take them out

12)[line 23]ולשדי להו ירקא וליפקו לותיהV'LISHDI LEHU YARKA, V'LEIFKU LEVASEI- and let him throw to them greens so that they should go out

13)[line 36]"ונחשב לכם תרומתכם""V'NECHSHAV LACHEM TERUMASCHEM"- "Your gifts shall be considered for you [like the grain from the threshing floor and like the ripeness (wine) of the wine-collection pit.]" (Bamidbar 18:27)

14a)[last line]באומדB'OMED- by estimation

b)[last line]ובמחשבהUV'MACHSHAVAH- and [Terumah] takes effect through thought (as is derived from the verse, "v'Nechshav Lachem Terumaschem" (Bamidbar 18:27)). This is understood in two ways: (a) Terumah takes effect even if it is not separated physically from the rest of the produce (e.g. if he labels as Terumah either a specific part, or a portion that will be clarified later (through Bereirah), but leaves it together with the rest of the produce) (RASHI to Bechoros 59a); (b) TOSFOS (Beitzah 13b DH k'Shem) adds that Terumah may be pronounced in one's mind (rather than verbally) (see TOSFOS to Bechoros ibid. DH b'Machshavah)