[18a - 54 lines; 18b - 53 lines]
1)[line 1]הוגה את השם באותיותיוHOGEH ES HA'SHEM B'OSIYOSAV- (a) he pronounced the [forty-two letter] name [of HaSh-m] as it is spelled [and utilized it to affect the physical world as he wished] (RASHI); (b) he pronounced the [four-letter] name [of HaSh-m] as it is spelled [as opposed to "Ad-nai"] (TOSFOS DH Hogeh)
2)[line 5]להתלמד עבדL'HISLAMED AVAD- he did it in order to learn [the correct pronunciation]
3)[line 6]"... לֹא תִלְמַד לַעֲשׂוֹת [כְּתוֹעֲבֹת הַגּוֹיִם הָהֵם]""... LO SILMAD LA'ASOS [K'SO'AVOS HA'GOYIM HA'HEM]"- "... do not learn to perform [actions like the abominations of those nations]" (Devarim 18:9).
4)[line 7]ולהורותL'HOROS- to teach [what is forbidden]
5)[line 9]בפרהסיאB'FARHESYA- in public
6)[line 9]דלא מיחה ביהLO MICHAH BEI- she did not protest his actions
7)[line 14]פסיעותיהPESI'OSEHA- her footsteps
8)[line 14]ריבהRIBAH- a young girl
9)[line 15]דקדקהDIKDEKAH- she was careful
10)[line 16]"... עֲוֹן עֲקֵבַי יְסוּבֵּנִי""... AVON AKEIVAI YESUBEINI"- "... the sins of my ankles surround me" (Tehilim 49:6).
11)[line 17]עונות שאדם דש בעקביוAVONOS SHE'ADAM DASH BA'AKEIVAV- (a) the sins one performs with his footsteps (such as that which the daughter of Rebbi Chanina ben Teradyon walked in a manner that attracted attention) (RASHI, first explanation); (b) the sins that one tramples upon [due to that which he regards them as unimportant] (RASHI, second explanation)
12)[line 18]מסובין לוMESUBIN LO- surround him [to prosecute him]
13)[line 19]צדקו עליהם את הדיןTZADKU ALEIHEN ES HA'DIN- they accepted their punishment as just
14)[line 20]"הַצּוּר תָּמִים פָּעֳלוֹ, כִּי כָל דְּרָכָיו מִשְׁפָּט; אֵל אֱמוּנָה וְאֵין עָוֶל,צַדִּיק וְיָשָׁר הוּא""HA'TZUR TAMIM PA'ALO, KI CHOL DERACHAV MISHPAT; KEL EMUNAH V'EIN AVEL, TZADIK V'YASHAR HU"- "The actions of the Rock are perfect, for all of His ways are just; He is a faithful G-d and has no failing, he is righteous and upright" (Devarim 32:4).
15)[line 21]"גְּדוֹל הָעֵצָה וְרַב הָעֲלִילִיָּה; אֲשֶׁר עֵינֶיךָ פְקֻחוֹת עַל כָּל דַּרְכֵי [בְּנֵי אָדָם, לָתֵת לְאִישׁ כִּדְרָכָיו וְכִפְרִי מַעֲלָלָיו]""GEDOL HA'ETZAH V'RAV HA'ALILIYAH; ASHER EINECHA FEKUCHOS AL KOL DARCHEI [BNEI ADAM, LA'SES L'ISH KID'RACHAV VECHI'FRI MA'ALALAV]"- "Great is [Your] counsel [HaSh-m] and extensive are [Your] actions; for Your eyes are aware of all [human paths, to respond to each individual according to his paths and the result of his actions]" (Yirmeyahu 32:19). The daughter of Rebbi Chanina ben Teradyon referred to the sinful way in which she walked with the words "to respond to each individual according to his paths."
16)[line 28]שאומה זוUMAH ZO- this nation [of Rome]
17)[line 30]שאתה יושב עוסק בתורהATAH YOSHEV V'OESEK B'TORAH- you sit and toil in Torah learning [in contravention of the Roman decree]
18)[line 31]בחיקךB'CHEIKECHA- in your bosom
19)[line 33]תמה אניTAMAH ANI- I would be astonished
20)[line 34]כלום מעשה בא לידך?KLUM MA'ASEH BA L'YADCHA?- what example can you give me of your actions?
21)[line 36]ומגורלך יהי גורליMI'GORALCHA YEHEI GORALI!- may my lot [in the World to Come] be of your lot!
22)[line 36]לא היו ימים מועטיםLO HAYU YAMIM MU'ATIM- not many days passed
23)[line 39]וכרכוהוKORCHUHU- they enwrapped him
24)[line 39]והקיפוהו בחבילי זמורותHIKIFUHU B'CHAVILEI ZEMOROS- they surrounded him with bundles of branches
25)[line 39]והציתו בהן את האורHITZISU BA'HEN ES HA'UR- they lit them on fire
26)[line 39]ספוגיןSEFUGIN- sponges
27)[line 40]ושראוםSHAR'UM- they soaked them
28)[line 40]אראך בכך?AR'ECHA B'KACH?- how can I see you like this? i.e., Is this the reward one receives for learning Torah?
29)[line 41]אילמליILMALEI- if only
30)[line 41]מי שמבקש עלבונה של (ספר) תורהMI SHE'MEVAKESH ELBONAH SHEL (SEFER) TORAH- He who addresses the insult to the honor of the Torah (the YA'AVETZ erases the word "Sefer")
31a)[line 42](גליון) [גוילין] נשרפין(GILYON) [GEVILIN] NISRAFIN- (the margin) [the sections of parchment] are incinerated
b)[line 43]ואותיות פורחותV'OSIYOS PORCHOS- and the letters fly away
32)[line 43]אף אתה פתח פיך ותכנס [בך] האש!AF ATAH PESACH PICHA V'TIKANES [BECHA] HA'ESH!- you should open your mouth such that the fire enters [your body in order to hasten your certain death]!
33a)[line 43]מוטב שיטלנה מי שנתנהMUTAV SHE'YITLENAH MI SHE'NASNAH- better that He who gave [life] should take it
b)[line 43]ואל יחבל הוא בעצמוV'AL YECHAVEL HU B'ATZMO- then he (referring to himself in the third person) should bring harm to himself (see Insights)
34)[line 44]קלצטוניריKELATZTONIRI- the Roman official in charge of carrying out the death sentence
35)[line 44]בשלהבתSHALHEVES- the flame
36)[line 45]הןHEN- yes
37)[line 46]אף הוא קפץAF HU KAFATZ- [the executioner] also jumped
38)[line 48]דביתהוDEBIS'HU- his wife
39)[line 48]ברתיהBERATEI- his daughter
40)[line 49]זילא בי מלתאZILA BI MILSA- it is embarrassing for me
41)[line 49]שקל תרקבא דדינריSHAKAL TARKEVA D'DINREI- he took a half-Se'ah measure (app. 3.6, 4.14, or 7.2 liters, depending upon the differing Halachic opinions) of gold coins
42)[line 49]אי לא איתעביד בה איסוראIY LO IS'AVID BAH ISURA- if an immoral act has not been done with her
43)[line 50]נקט נפשיה כחד פרשאNAKAT NAFSHEI K'CHAD PARSHA- he dressed as a cavalryman
44)[line 51](השמיעני) [השמיעי] לי(HASHMI'ANI) [HASHMI'I] LI- lit. listen to me; this phrase was used to solicit the services of a harlot (Girsa corrected by the RASHASH)
45)[line 51]דשתנא אנאDISHTANA ANA- I am menstruating
46)[line 51]מתרחנא (מרתח) [מתרח]MISRACHANA (MIRSACH) [MISRACH]- I am willing to wait
47)[line 51]נפישין טובא (ואיכא טובא הכא) דשפירן מינאיNEFISHIN TUVA (V'IKA TUVA HACHA) D'SHAPIRAN MINA'I- the flow is heavy, (and there are many) who are more beautiful than I (RABEINU CHANANEL). According to the Girsa NEFISHIN TUVA D'SHAPIRAN MINA'I - there are many who are more beautiful than I
48)[line 53]הבה (ניהלה) [ניהלי]HAVAH (NIHALAH) [NIHALI]- hand her over to me
49)[line 53]מיסתפינאMISTAFINA- I am afraid
50)[last line]פלגא פלחPALGA PELACH- use half to bribe [the king to look the other way]
51)[last line]וכי שלמיKI SHALMEI- when they run out
52a)[last line]אימא, "א-להא דמאיר, ענני!"EIMA, "ELAKA D'MEIR, ANEINI!"- say, "Gd of Meir, answer me!"
b)[last line]ומתצלתU'MISTZALAS- and you will be saved
53)[line 1]ומי יימר דהכי איכא?MI YEIMAR D'HACHI IKA?- who is to say that this [salvation] will occur [as you claim it will]?
54)[line 2][השתא חזית][HASHTA CHAZIS]- [you will now see]
55)[line 3]שקל קלא שדא בהוSHAKAL KALA SHADA BEHU- he took a clod of earth and threw it at them
56)[line 4]שבקוהSHAVKUHA- they left him alone
57)[line 5]אשתמע מילתא בי מלכאISHTAMA MILSA BEI MALKA- the matter [of the release of the daughter of Rebbi Chanina ben Teradyon] became known in the palace
58)[line 5]אתיוה אסקוה לזקיפהASYUHA ASKUHA LI'ZEKIFA- they brought [he who had released her] and prepared him for hanging
59)[line 7]אחתוהACHTUHA- he descended [safely from the gallows]
60)[line 8]חקקו לדמותיהCHAKEKU L'DEMUSEI- they etched his likeness
61)[line 9]כל דחזי לפרצופא הדין, לייתיהKOL D'CHAZI L'PARTZUFA HA'DEIN, LEISEI- whoever sees the face of this [man], bring him
62)[line 10]חזיוהיCHAZYUHI- they spotted him
63)[line 11]רהט אבתריהRAHAT A'BASREI- they ran after him
64)[line 11]על לבי זונותAL L'VEI ZONOS- he went into a brothel
65a)[line 12]בשולי עובדי כוכבים חזאBISHULEI OVDEI KOCHAVIM CHAZA- he saw a food that had been cooked by Nochrim [and which is therefore not kosher]
b)[line 13]טמש בהא ומתק בהאTAMASH B'HA U'MASAK B'HA- he dipped with one [finger] and sucked another [finger such that it appeared that he was eating from it]
66)[line 14]כרכתיהKORCHASEI- he wrapped him in a hug [that made it appear that a harlot was familiar with him]
67)[line 16]ערקARAK - he ran away
68) [line 17] ממעשה דברוריא MA'ASEH D'BERURIYA - the story of Beruriyah. As our Gemara mentions on 18a, Beruriyah was the wife of Rebbi Meir. She was a distinguished and well-learned woman. She scoffed, however, at the assertion of Chazal that "Nashim Daitan Kalos Aleihen" - "the intellect of women is light upon them." This means that women are more easily persuaded than men. In order to prove that Chazal were correct, her husband Rebbi Meir enlisted the help of one of his students, asking him to seduce his wife. The student eventually succeeded in his seduction, but before sinning explained to Beruriyah how she had been set up and why. In her shame Beruriyah committed suicide. According to one opinion in our Gemara, Rebbi Meir was so embarrassed following this incident that he ran to Bavel.
69a) [line 17] לאיצטדינין ITZDADININ - bullfighting arenas
b)[line 18]ולכרקוםKARKOM- a siege [at which different forms of entertainment are provided]
70a)[line 18]הנחשיםNACHASHIM- magicians and sorcerers
b)[line 18]החבריןCHAVARIN- snake charmers
c)[line 18]בוקיון, ומוקיון, ומוליון, ולוליון, בלורין, סלגוריןBUKYON, MUKYON, MULYON, LULYON, BELURIN, SALGURIN- names of clowns
71)[line 19]מושב לציםMOSHAV LETZIM- a company of scoffers (see Insights)
72)[line 19]"אַשְׁרֵי הָאִישׁ אֲשֶׁר לֹא הָלַךְ בַּעֲצַת רְשָׁעִים, וּבְדֶרֶךְ חַטָּאִים לֹא עָמָד, וּבְמוֹשַׁב לֵצִים לֹא יָשָׁב.כִּי אִם בְּתוֹרַת ה' חֶפְצוֹ, וּבְתוֹרָתוֹ יֶהְגֶּה יוֹמָם וָלָיְלָה""ASHREI HA'ISH ASHER LO HALACH..."- "Praiseworthy is he who has not followed the advice of the wicked, who has not stood upon the path of sinners, and who has not sat in a company of scoffers. But rather his desire is the Torah of HaSh-m, and in his Torah he toils day and night" (Tehilim 1:1-2).
73)[line 20]הא למדתHA LAMADTA- from this [that the activities listed in the first verse are contrasted with Torah study] one can learn
74)[line 22]שצווח ומצילTZOVE'ACH U'MATZIL- he can [possibly] cry out [for mercy] and bring about the salvation [of a Jew who had been thrown into the arena and is in danger of being gored to death]
75)[line 22]מפני ישוב מדינהMIPNEI YISHUV MEDINAH- for the [Jewish] settlement in the city [which is besieged, since he can request of the soldiers to intervene on their behalf]
76)[line 22]שלא יתחשב עמהםLO YISCHASHEV IMAHEM- (a) he does not strengthen their efforts [to besiege the city] (RASHI); (b) he is not counted as part of their [army] (TOSFOS DH she'Lo)
77)[line 27]שמעיד עדות אשה להשיאהME'ID EDUS ISHAH L'HASI'AH- he can testify [that a certain Jew was killed in order] to allow his wife to remarry
78a)[line 28]לטרטיאותTARTI'OS- theaters
b)[line 28]ולקרקסיאותKARKESIYOS- circuses
79)[line 28]שמזבלין שם זיבול לעבודת כוכביםMEZAVLIN SHAM ZIBUL LA'AVODAS KOCHAVIM- they gather there to arrange items donated to idols
80)[line 31]נשא ונתן איכא בינייהוNASA V'NASAN IKA BEINAIHU- if one has already conducted business with them is the difference between their [opinions. According to Rebbi Meir, it would be forbidden to derive any benefit from the money that one receives from them, since he maintains that one must assume that they deal with donations to idols. The Chachamim, however, prohibit going there either because it is a waste of time, or because one may be suspected of idol worship. Therefore, one would not be prohibited against conducting business with them.] (see also TOSFOS DH Mai)
81)[line 36]"אִם חָכַמְתָּ, חָכַמְתָּ לָּךְ, וְלַצְתָּ לְבַדְּךָ תִשָּׂא""IM CHACHAMTA, CHACHAMTA LACH, (V'IM LATZTA) [V'LATZTA] LEVADCHA SISA"- "If you have acquired wisdom, then the wisdom will benefit you, but if you scoff at others then you alone will bear [punishment]" (Mishlei 9:12).
82)[line 37]יסוריןYISURIN- troubles, esp. physical pain
83)[line 38]"וְעַתָּה אַל תִּתְלוֹצָצוּ, פֶּן יֶחְזְקוּ מוֹסְרֵיכֶם...""V'ATAH AL TISLOTZATZU, PEN YECHZEKU MOSREICHEM..."- "Do not scoff, lest your troubles increase..." (Yeshayah 28:22). In context, the Navi in this verse warns Klal Yisrael to take prior prophecies of impending hardship seriously.
84)[line 39]במטותא (בעינא) מינייכוB'MATUSA (BA'INA) MINAICHU- I beg of you
85)[line 40]"... מָשַׁךְ יָדוֹ אֶת לוֹצְצִים""... MASHACH YADO ES LOTZETZIM"- "... he has withdrawn his hand to join scoffers" (Hoshe'a 7:5). This verse describes the coronation of the king, who withdrew from those acting responsibly and joined the drunken scoffers. Rav Ketina reads it to mean, "HaSh-m has withdrawn His hand that is open to provide every living creature with sustenance (see Tehilim 145:16) from scoffers."
86)[line 42]"זֵד יָהִיר לֵץ שְׁמוֹ; עוֹשֶׂה בְּעֶבְרַת זָדוֹן""ZED YAHIR LETZ SHEMO; OSEH B'EVRAS ZADON"- "A haughty, deliberate sinner is called a scorner; he sins deliberately and angrily" (Mishlei 21:24).
87)[line 43]"יוֹם עֶבְרָה הַיּוֹם הַהוּא; [יוֹם צָרָה וּמְצוּקָה יוֹם שֹׁאָה וּמְשׁוֹאָה יוֹם חֹשֶׁךְ וַאֲפֵלָה יוֹם עָנָן וַעֲרָפֶל]""YOM EVRAH HA'YOM HA'HU..."- "That day [of punishment] will be a day of anger, [a day of pain and anguish, a day of destruction and desolation, a day of darkness and gloom, a day of cloudiness and murkiness]" (Tzefanyah 1:15).
88)[line 43]המתייהרHA'MISYAHIR- one who is haughty
89)[line 46]כלייהKELAYAH- destruction
90)[line 50]בקנגיוןKANIGYON- a pleasure hunt
91)[line 50]בתחבולותTACHBULOS- [groups of people who hatch] plans [a) to besiege cities (RASHI in the EIN YAKOV); b) but never actually accomplish anything (RA'AVAD)]
92)[line 52]ואתגרה בשינהISGAREH B'SHINAH- I will induce myself to sleep [more than necessary]