[63a - 45 lines; 63b - 31 lines]

1)[line 1]כבשי כבשיםKIVSHEI KEVASHIM- lit. ramp of ramps; i.e. all the ramps in the Beis ha'Mikdash, large and small

2)[line 4]אצבע בזכרותאETZBA B'ZACHRUSA- the middle joint of the thumb

3)[line 5]נקמצותNIKMATZOS - their Kometz is removed (KEMITZAH)

(a)Korbenos Minchah are offerings that contain flour. In all private Menachos, a Kometz of the offering is burned on the Mizbe'ach ha'Chitzon (outer altar). The remainder of the Minchah (the Sheyarei ha'Minchah) is eaten by male Kohanim in the Azarah, since the Korban Minchah is in the category of Korbanos known as Kodshei Kodashim (see Background to Zevachim 104:29).

(b)A Kometz is defined as that which can be held between the middle three fingers and the palm. The Kohen places his hand in the mixture and removes one handful. He then wipes away the excess extending beyond his three middle fingers using his thumb and pinky until only the Kometz remains. This is described in the Torah as, "And he shall remove from it with his three-fingered fistful..." (Vayikra 6:8).

(c)Kemitzah is only performed when a Minchah is brought by a non-Kohen. A Minchah offered by a Kohen is entirely burned on the Mizbe'ach.

(d)A Kometz of Levonah (frankincense or oliban, a gum resin that comes from trees found in present-day Arabia and India) is placed on top of most Menachos and later offered upon the Mizbe'ach ha'Chitzon.

(e)The ring finger is called the "Kemitzah" due its central role in this Divine service.

4)[line 9]בזיכיןBAZICHIN

The Lechem ha'Panim were arranged in two stacks, six loaves to each stack. Alongside each stack was placed a Kometz of Levonah in a bowl (Bazach). Only the Levonah was burned; the bread was eaten by the Kohanim.

5)[line 19]כלילKALIL- it shall be entirely offered; it was totally burned on the fires of the Mizbe'ach

6)[line 27]ולא יהא טפל חמור מן העיקרV'LO YEHEI TAFEL CHAMUR MIN HA'IKAR- and the subordinate (the Azarah, which is valid for slaughter only because it faces the Heichal) should not be greater (more valid for slaughter) than that which is primary (the Heichal)

7)[line 42]הגשותHAGASHOS (HAGASHAH)

When a Korban Minchah (flour offering) is offered, a Kohen must take the utensil containing the Minchah and touch it to the southwest corner of the Mizbe'ach ha'Chitzon.

63b----------------------------------------63b

8)[line 2]ויורדין על העקבV'YORDIN AL HE'AKEV- and they descend the way they came

9)[line 12]כנגד חודה של קרןKENEGED CHUDAH SHEL KEREN- opposite the tip of the corner

10)[line 15]אחד מקיים עצמו ומקיימו חבירוECHAD MEKAYEM ATZMO U'MEKAYEM CHAVEIRO- If there are two verses and it is possible to fulfill both of them, we do so, rather than fulfilling one in a way that precludes fulfilling the other. (The two verses contradict each other, but the plain meaning of one verse is consistent with a possible interpretation of the other verse. In reality, though, the plain meaning of the other verse cannot be consistent with the first verse at all.)

11)[line 29]מחוט הסקראMI'CHUT HA'SIKRA- from the red line that horizontally divides the Mizbe'ach in half

12)[line 30]מדם הנפשMI'DAM HA'NEFESH- from the Dam ha'Nefesh, the lifeblood of the animal, which spurts out upon its slaughter and which is used for the Avodah of Zerikas ha'Dam. See Background to Zevachim 37:1a.

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