WHERE KEMITZAH MAY BE DONE
(Mishnah): Kemitzah of Menachos is Kosher anywhere in the Azarah;
Male Kohanim eat (the rest of) the Minchah within the hangings (of the Chatzer of the Mishkan, or in the Beis ha'Mikdash, in the Azarah), for one day and a night until midnight.
(Gemara - R. Elazar): If Kemitzah was done in the Heichal, it is Kosher, for we remove the Levonah from the Lechem ha'Panim in the Heichal, and this corresponds to Kemitzah.
Question (R. Yirmeyah - Beraisa): "V'Komatz mi'Sham" - anywhere a Yisrael (who brought the Minchah) may stand is Kosher for Kemitzah.
Ben Beseira expounds "mi'Sham" - if he took the Kometz with his left hand, he should return it to the Kli and do Kemitzah with his right hand, i.e. from the place he already took from.
Answer (R. Yirmeyah; some say, R. Yakov): The first Tana merely learns that the entire Azarah is Kosher. (He does not exclude the Heichal.)
One might have thought that since Minchah is Kodshei Kodoshim like Olah, Kemitzah must be in the north, just like Shechitah and Kabalah of an Olah must be in the north.
Question: We cannot learn from Olah, for it is totally consumed!
Answer: We would have thought to learn from Chatas.
Question: We cannot learn from Chatas, for it atones for Chayavei Kerisus!
Answer: We would have thought to learn from Asham.
Question: We cannot learn from Asham, for it is a Korban with blood (i.e. animate)!
Answer: We would have thought to learn from the Tzad ha'Shavah of Olah, Chatas and Asham.
Question: We cannot learn from them, for all of them have blood!
Correction: Rather, since it says "v'Hegishah El ha'Mizbe'ach" and "v'Herim Mimenu b'Kumtzo", one might have thought that just like Hagashah (bringing it near the Mizbe'ach) is to the southwest corner, also Kemitzah. (According to our text, the latter verse is in a different Parshah from the former. It is not clear how we learn from one from the other, and why we chose this verse over earlier verses that discuss Kemitzah, e.g. Vayikra 2:2). Perhaps the latter verse should read "vHerim ha'Kohen Min ha'Minchah Es Azkarasah" (Vayikra 2:9), which refers to Kemitzah, and directly follows "v'Hegishah...");
Therefore, "mi'Sham" teaches that Kemitzah may be anywhere in the Azarah.
(R. Yochanan): If Shelamim was slaughtered in the Heichal, it is Kosher;
It says "u'Shchato Pesach Ohel Mo'ed" - the Tafel (secondary, i.e. the Azarah, which is valid for Shechitah only because it faces the Heichal) should not be greater (more Kosher for Shechitah) than the Ikar (what is primary, i.e. the Heichal)!
Question (Beraisa - R. Yehudah ben Beseira) Question: If Nochrim surrounded (and were shooting projectiles into) the Azarah, what is the source to permit Kohanim to enter the Heichal to eat (safely) Kodshei Kodoshim?
Answer: "B'Kodesh ha'Kodoshim Tochalenu."
Summation of question: Why is this verse needed? It says "ba'Chatzer Ohel Mo'ed Yochluha." The Tefel (the Azarah) should not be greater than what is primary (the Heichal)!
Answer: A slave serves in front of his master. Therefore, it is more proper to slaughter in a more Kadosh place;
A slave does not eat in front of his master. Therefore, it is less proper to eat in a more Kadosh place.
AVODOS PERFORMED AT THE SOUTHWEST CORNER
(Mishnah): Chatas ha'Of was offered at the southwest corner of the Mizbe'ach;
It is Kosher anywhere (on the Mizbe'ach), but this is its place. (This will be explained.)
We do three things at this corner on top of the Mizbe'ach, and three at the bottom;
Below we offer Chatas ha'Of, do Hagashah of Menachos, and pour Shirayim of blood on the Yesod;
Above we pour Nesachim of wine, and of water (on Sukos), and offer Olas ha'Of when the southeast corner (its proper place) is too crowded.
Anyone who ascends (and must walk around the Mizbe'ach) ascends on the right side, goes around, and descends on the left side;
The only exceptions are for these three things (done above at this corner). For them, the Kohen (goes straight to his left and) descends the way he came.
(Gemara) Question: What is the source of this (that Chatas ha'Of is offered in the southwest)?
Answer (R. Yehoshua): "Lo Yasim Aleha Shemen v'Lo Yiten Aleha Levonah Ki Chatas Hi" - the Torah calls the Minchah (of a sinner) a Chatas, and it calls a Chatas a Minchah;
Version #1 (our text, Riva (brought in Shitah Mekubetzes (27)): Just like (Kabalas ha'Dam of) a Chatas (Behemah) must be in the north, also Kidush Kemitzah (putting it into another Kli) of a Minchah;
Version #2 (Rashi): Just like Chatas Lo Lishmah is Pasul, also a Minchah;
Version #3 (R. Chayim in Tosfos): Just like Chatas ha'Of must be offered at a corner above the Yesod, also Hagashah of a Minchah;
Version #4 (R. Tam): Just like the right hand must be used for Chatas, also for a Minchah. (end of Version #4)
Also, just like Hagashah of a Minchah must be at the southwest corner, also Haza'ah of Chatas ha'Of.
Question: What is the source that Hagashah must be in the southwest?
Answer (Beraisa) Suggestion: Perhaps "Lifnei Hash-m" (i.e. facing the Heichal) is in the west!
Rejection: It is "El Penei ha'Mizbe'ach" (the south).
Suggestion: Perhaps "El Penei ha'Mizbe'ach" is in the south!
Rejection: It is "Lifnei Hash-m."
To fulfill both verses, it suffices to do Hagashah at the edge of the southwest corner.
Suggestion (R. Eliezer): Perhaps Hagashah may be done at the western or southern side of the southwest corner!
Rejection: If there are two verses and it is possible to fulfill both of them, we do so, rather than fulfilling one in a way that precludes fulfilling the other;
If Hagashah would be done on the west side, we would not fulfill "El Penei ha'Mizbe'ach (the south);
Rather, it is done on the south side, and we fulfill also "Lifnei Hash-m."
Question: How does this fulfill "Lifnei Hash-m"?
Answer (Rav Ashi): R. Eliezer holds that the Mizbe'ach is entirely in the north (so the entire south side faces the Heichal.)
(Mishnah): It is Kosher anywhere, but this is its place.
Question: What does this mean?
Answer (Rav Ashi): Melikah is Kosher anywhere (on the Mizbe'ach), but Haza'ah is only in the southwest corner.
The following Beraisa may be derived from our Mishnah.
(Beraisa): Melikah is Kosher anywhere on the Mizbe'ach. If Haza'ah was done in any place, it is Kosher;
(If Haza'ah was done, but not Mitzuy (pressing the bird against the Mizbe'ach to squeeze out remaining blood), it is Kosher. Shitah Mekubetzes deletes this from the text.) This is provided that it was below the Chut ha'Sikra, and it was Dam ha'Nefesh.
Question: What does this mean?
Answer: Melikah is Kosher anywhere on the Mizbe'ach. Mitzuy is Kosher anywhere on the Mizbe'ach, for if Haza'ah was done but not Mitzuy, it is Kosher;
Haza'ah must be below the Chut ha'Sikra, and it must be Dam ha'Nefesh.