"Ki Yiten be'Kos Eino..." - One who likes drunkenness justifies forbidden relations or theft (Machlokes R. Ami and R. Asi).
"De'agah be'Lev Ish, Yashchenah... " - A person should push his worries out of his thoughts, or he should speak them out with a friend (Machlokes R. Ami and R. Asi).
"ve'Nachash Afar Lachmo... " - All foods taste like dust for the snake, or, after the finest delicacies, the snake is only satisfied with dust (Machlokes R. Ami and R. Asi).
(R. Yosi): Hash-m deals more graciously with those who annoy him than a person would.
The snake, though cursed, finds benefit within the curse, as do slaves (Cana'anites), women, and the earth.
THE TEARS OF THE JEWS OVER THE MANNA IN THE MIDBAR
"Zacharnu Es ha'Dagah... " - We fondly recall the fish, or, the permitted (now forbidden) relations (Rav and Shmuel).
Fish, since it says "Nochal" (we ate).
Arayos, since it says "Chinam".
"Nochal" could still refer to Arayos, in a dignified way.
"Chinam" could still refer to fish, since they came to them from Hefker (Hash-m placed the fish in their water buckets).
Question: If they were involved in Arayos, why does Shlomoh praise their chastity (Shir ha'Shirim 4- "Gan Na'ul...")?
Answer: They were chaste regarding the previously forbidden relations (and were crying over the new prohibitions).
Question: If they missed the fish, why were they crying "le'Mishpechosav" implying a concern over conjugal relations?
Answer: They were crying over both, fish and Arayos.
"Es ha'Kishuim... " - The Manna imparted all flavor except these five, or, it imparted all flavors and became all textures, except these five (R. Ami and R. Asi).
"ve'Hu ke'Zera Gad Lavan" (R. Asi) - Its shape was like the Zera Gad (round) and it was white as a pearl.
"Gad" - similar to a Pishtan seed be'Givolin (round).
"Gad" - likened to Hagadah, (Agad'ta) which draws the hearts (Libo) of its listeners (so did the Manna whet a person's appetite)
"Gad" - It told (Magid) and resolved a doubt regarding the child whose mother remarried prematurely.
"Lavan" - It whitened the Aveiros of Yisrael.
The Manna, like a Navi, would reveal the secrets of the people (as in revealing which person or servant belongs to which household or whether a woman was still a loyal part of her husband's household).
"u'Ve'redes ha'Tal... " (implies the Manna fell within the Machaneh) "ve'Yatza ha'Am ve'Laktu... " (implies that it fell outside) "Shatu ha'Am ve'Laktu... " (implies a considerable distance).
The Tzadikim received it near their homes, Beinonim went out and Resha'im had to go a distance for theirs.
"Lechem" (implies it was found in a baked state) "ve'Asu Oso Ugos" (that they had to prepare and bake it) "ve'Tachanu" (implies an even earlier state, requiring milling).
Again, Tzadikim, Beinonim and Resha'im.
"O Dachu ba'Meduchah... " - Women's perfumes (adornments which are pulverized) came down with the Manna.
"u'Vishlu ba'Parur... " - with its spices for the cooked food.
"ve'Hemi Heivi'u Od Nedavah ba'Boker ba'Boker" - They brought gems from the daily shower which accompanied the Manna (as "Nesi'im" refers to the clouds which brought the gems).
"ve'Hayah Ta'amo ke'Ta'am L'shad Hashemen" - (The Manna had many flavors, like a child experiences in nursing [Shad], alternately like a Sheid (demon) which has many forms, so, too did the Manna change to many flavors).
THE REQUESTS FOR BREAD AND MEAT
(R. Yehoshua b. Korchah): They requested meat improperly and it was given in an improper fashion, whereas bread was requested properly, and given in kind.
This instructs a person to eat meat at night.
Question: But Abaye taught that a festive meal should be eaten by day!?
Answer: He meant by torch-light (like daylight).
The people used to eat (peck away at) their food all day, until Moshe established meal times.
Question: One Pasuk says they died during their first bite and another teaches that they received the S'lav for 30 days!?
Answer: Beinonim died right away while the Resha'im lingered in their suffering up to a month.
(Resh Lakish): Understand the word "va'Yisht'chu" to imply 've'Yishchatu', meaning the people were Chayavim on account of their improper request for meat.
(R. Yehoshua b. Korchah): "Shato'ach" implies 'Shachut'; the Manna was accompanied by that which required Shechitah.
Question: We surely have other sources for the requirement to perform Shechitah on a bird (as learned in the Beraisa regarding the Simanim of an animal and a bird)!?
Answer: Rather, "Shato'ach" refers to the carpet of 'S'lav'.
Question: How can the same thing be Lechem, Shemen and D'vash?
Answer: Lechem for young people, Shemen for the older people and D'vash for the infants.
The word begins with a Shin/Sin and is read with a Samech to indicate Shalvah (for Tzadikim) and Silvin (thorns, for the Resha'im).
R. Chanin b. Rava lists four types of S'lav, noting the best and worst of them.
It was a small bird which would be stuffed and roasted in an oven, and it would expand from the great quantity of oil within it such that it would even permeate 13 loaves of bread and the bottom loaf would need diluting in order to be eaten.
R. Yehudah was granted such birds between his barrels, R. Chisda found them among his trees and Rava's sharecropper would bring him one each day.
One day the Aris did not bring the S'lav, and Rava interpreted the signs (the call of the child and the absence of the S'lav) to know that R. Chisda had passed away.
Now that his Rebbi had passed away, Rava felt that he no longer had the merit to eat S'lav.
TAL AND MANNA
From the seemingly contradictory Pesukim we learn that there was dew above and below the Manna.
"Dak Mechuspas... " abbreviates that which melts in the palm of the hand (Resh Lakish), or, that which is retained in 248 body parts (like the numerical value of "Mechuspas" - R. Yochanan).
Question: But Mechuspas (254) is greater in number than 248?
Answer: It is written without the Vav.
"Lechem Abirim... " - The Manna is the food of the Mal'achim (R. Akiva).
R. Yishmael indicated that R. Akiva had erred, since Mal'achim do not eat, but, rather, "Abirim" refers to the Eivarim into which the Manna is absorbed.
Question: Why, if it was entirely absorbed, was there need for privies (as in the Pasuk)?
Answer: It was from the food that the itinerant merchants would sell them.
Answer (R. Elazar b. Parta): Even that food was absorbed on account of the Manna.
The privy was needed after they committed Aveiros.
Hash-m had said that they were to be like Mal'achim, but now they must be troubled with such bodily needs.
They had to walk three Parsah to the privy as Rabah bar bar Chanah reported.
When they used the privy they went to the rear of the Ananim (since the Ananim never went backwards, so they did not need to worry there that they would suddenly find themselves inside the Machaneh).