YOMA 32 (7 Teves) - Dedicated by Dr. Yehoshua Daniel of Efrat, Israel, in memory of his brother, Yitzchok Yisroel Z'L [ben Refael Noach Yosef she'Yichyeh] Daniel, for his Yahrzeit.

1)

THE RABANAN AND TEN KIDUSHIN

(a)

Question: According to Rabanan, there are only nine Kidushin?

(b)

Answer: There is a last one when he changes to Bigdei Chol.

2)

THE SECOND ENTRY INTO THE OHEL MOED

(a)

Question: Why does the Kohen enter a second time?

(b)

Answer: To remove the Kaf and Machtah which he left there.

(c)

This Pasuk, then, is out of order.

(d)

Question: Why is this so?

(e)

Answer (R. Chisda): We have a tradition regarding the five Tevilos and ten Kidushin, and keeping the Pesukim in their order would leave only three Tevilos and six Kidushin.

3)

THE SOURCE FOR THE TEVILOS AND KIDUSHIN (THE BERAISA)

(a)

The Beraisa teaches the sources for the Tevilos and Kidushin provided by R. Yehudah ("u'Va Aharon... ") and Rebbi ("Kesones Bad Kodesh... ").

(b)

R. Yehudah learns from the cited Pasuk that Tevilah is needed when going from Lavan to Zahav.

(c)

Rebbi learns from his Pasuk that Tevilah is needed when going from Zahav to Lavan.

(d)

The Beraisa reports an additional Pasuk ("Bigdei Kodesh Hem") which the Gemara will explain.

(e)

All agree on the five Avodos under discussion.

1.

Tamid Shel Shachar - Zahav.

2.

Avodas ha'Yom (inside) - Lavan.

3.

The two Eilim - Zahav.

4.

Removing the Kaf and Machtah - Lavan.

5.

Tamid Shel Bein ha'Arbayim - Zahav.

(f)

Question: Whence that each Tevilah requires two Kidushin?

(g)

Answer: "u'Fashat ve'Rachatz... " (Rebbi)

(h)

R. Eliezer b. R. Shimon learns it from a Kal va'Chomer (like R. Yehudah).

1.

Lest you think that, like the rest of the year, that there is only one Kidush on Yom Kipur...

2.

The Pasuk says "u'Va Aharon...Asher Lavash" to connect the disrobing to the donning (both require Kidush).

4)

THE ANALYSIS OF THE BERAISA

(a)

Question: How, according to R. Yehudah, do we know the Tevilah when going from Zahav to Lavan?

32b----------------------------------------32b

(b)

Answer: Kal va'Chomer (since Bigdei Lavan are even more Kadosh [they are used to go Lif'nim] they certainly require Kidush).

(c)

Question: But the Bigdei Zahav have the strength that they are used for much more Kaparah!

(d)

Answer: Rather, the D'rashah of Rebbi is the source for the Tevilah when going from Zahav to Lavan.

(e)

Question: How, according to Rebbi, do we know Tevilah when going from Lavan to Zahav?

(f)

Answer: Kal va'Chomer (the reverse of the above).

(g)

Question: But Bigdei Lavan have the strength...?

(h)

Answer: That is why Rebbi cited an additional Pasuk in the Beraisa (3.d. above) to connect all Bigdei Kodesh.

(i)

(After citing 3.e.,f.,and g., above, the Gemara asks on g.)

(j)

Question: But the Pasuk of "u'Fashat ve'Rachatz" speaks of Tevilah (not Kidush)!?

(k)

Answer: It is not needed for Tevilah and so it is transferred to Kidush.

(l)

Question: Then the Pasuk should use the language of Kidush?

(m)

Answer: It teaches that the Kidush must also be ba'Kodesh.

(n)

Question: Whence will R. Yehudah learn Kidush (since he uses "u'Fashat ve'Rachatz" for Tevilos)?

(o)

Answer: From the D'rashah of R. Elazar b. Ya'akov.

(p)

(R. Chidsa): Rebbi (who holds that the Kidushin are both while disrobed) disagrees with both R. Meir (the second Kidush is while already robed) and Rabanan (the first Kidush is while still robed).

(q)

(R. Acha b. Ya'akov): No, all agree that the second Kidush is while already robed, since the Pasuk instructs that there be nothing to do after the Kidush other than the Avodah.

(r)

(R. Acha b. Rava): R. Chisda and R. Acha b. Ya'akov must disagree, since together they would end up with 15 Kidushin.

5)

THE (PARTIAL) SHECHITAH

(a)

Question: What is 'Kartzo'?

(b)

Answer: It means slaughter, as proved from the Targum of R. Yosef on the Pasuk in Yirmeyahu [46:20].

(c)

Question: How much is needed for Kartzo?

(d)

Answer: The majority to two Simanim.

1.

R. Yochanan said this, as well.

2.

It appears that Resh Lakish would also agree (the extra discussion in the Mishnah in Chulin teaches that it is sufficient if the Kohen only slaughters the majority to two Simanim, even if another Kohen does not complete [Meirak] the cutting).

3.

Question: How could we have thought that another Kohen must complete the cutting, since that would make it an Avodah, which only the Kohen Gadol can do?!

4.

Answer: Resh Lakish only meant to consider the possibility that without Meirak it would be Pasul mide'Rabanan.

5.

Question: If it is not Pasul at all, then why do it?

6.

Answer: Meirak is a Mitzvah (Lechatchilah).

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