SOME SURPRISING COMPARISONS (and their Simanim)
The heat of a cloudy day is more severe than of a sunny day (a hole in a vinegar bottle).
The broken rays of the sun through the clouds are more blinding than the direct rays of the sun (a drip).
Thoughts of an Aveirah are worse than the Aveirah (the aroma of meat).
The heat of Elul is worse than mid-summer (a pre-heated oven).
A fever in the winter is worse than in the summer (a cold oven).
That which was learned and forgotten is more difficult to acquire than that which is first learned (re-used mortar).
THE RAYS OF THE SUN
Question: What is Rebbi's source (to differentiate between the rays of the sun and those of the moon).
Answer: Ayeles ha'Shachar- the sun diffuses like the horns of an Ayil.
Question: Why is Esther compared to an Ayalah?
Answer: The shape of her womb endears her to her husband.
Question: Why is Esther compared to the morning?
Answer: The morning terminates the night, and Esther is the terminus of miracles.
Question: But there was still Chanukah?!
Answer: Esther is the last to be written.
Question: But what of the opinion that Esther is not considered a written Sefer?
Answer: Then Ayeles teaches the comparison between the Tefilos of Tzadikim and the branching horns of the Ayal.
THE ERROR IN MISTAKING THE MOON FOR THE SUN
Question: When did this error take place?
If it was during the year, then why did they then immerse the Kohen Gadol?
If it was on Yom Kipur, there is no visible moon at pre-dawn during that time of the month?
Answer: It was during the year, and the immersion of the Kohen Gadol is a separate clause (after the call of Barkai).
SHECHITAS HATAMID AND OTHER NIGHTTIME ERRORS
(Avuhah b'R. Avin): Along with the Shechitas ha'Tamid (which causes the Tamid to be burnt) there are Melikas ha'Of and Kemitzas ha'Minchah).
Question: But why not just put the Kemitzah back in (if it was removed too early) and re-take it during daylight?
Answer: A K'li Shares sanctifies that which comes into it, even at the wrong time.
Question: The Beraisa teaches that [only] that which is to be offered by day becomes Kadosh by day (but not at night)!?
Answer: Perhaps the Beraisa only speaks of becoming Kadosh to be offered, but it would still be Kadosh for Pesul.
Question: But how come the Lechem (placed after Shabbos, and may not be removed until the second Shabbos) does not become Pasul through having been placed at the wrong time?
Answer (Rava): That is a good question, and must be dealt with in light of the fact that Avuhah d'R. Avin was citing a Beraisa.
The Beraisa teaches that night is not deemed as a Mechusar Z'man, while day is.
Thus placing the Lechem ha'Panim during the day before Shabbos will not allow it to have any Kedushah at all.
Question: But then it will become Kadosh/Pasul once night falls!?
Answer: The Beraisa is speaking where he took the Lechem off the Shulchan Erev Shabbos and replaced it in the morning.
Alternate Answer: If one arranges the Lechem at the wrong time it is a meaningless act (like a monkey) and it thus will not become Kadosh/Pasul.