TUM'AS HAMES HUTRAH OR DECHUYAH (cont'd)
R. Sheishes taught that his source is a Beraisa.
If possible, we replace a Tamei Omer with a Tahor one.
This establishes Tum'ah as Dechuyah, not Hutrah.
R. Nachman responds that all agree by that which would be eaten (if Tahor) that we attempt to bring Tahor.
Question: But a Beraisa teaches the same regarding non- edible offerings?!
The Beraisa lists the Minchas Parim, Eilim and Kevasim.
We assume these to be the Menachos of Musfei ha'Chag.
Answer: No, each item has an alternate explanation for why we seek to replace it with a Minchah Tehorah:
Parim- of Avodah Zarah (Tzibur but not time-set).
Eilim- Aharon's Korban on Yom ha'Kipurim (Yachid).
Kevasim- Minchas Keves ha'Omer (edible parts).
Question: But why should the Beraisa penalize one who brings Dam Tamei be'Meizid (if Tum'ah is Hutrah)?
Answer: That is by a Korban Yachid.
Question: Why do we need Ritzui Tzitz if Tum'ah is Hutrah?
Answer #1: For Korbenos Yachid.
Answer #2: For Korbenos Tzibur without a set time.
Question: The Beraisa says explicitly that Tum'ah is Hutrah!
The Pasuk teaches that the Tzitz carried the Avon.
The only possible Avon is Tum'ah, a leniency which is likely since Tum'ah is Hutrah be'Tzibur!
Answer: The Machlokes (R. Sheishes and R. Nachman) is a Machlokes Tana'im (between R. Shimon and R. Yehudah).
R. YEHUDAH AND R. SHIMON ON RITZUI TZITZ
(R. Shimon): The Tzitz is Meratzeh whether or not the Kohen Gadol is wearing it.
(R. Yehudah): The Tzitz is Meratzeh only when the Kohen Gadol wears it.
(R. Shimon): A proof can be seen from the Kohen Gadol on Yom ha'Kipurim (not wearing the Tzitz, yet is Meratzeh)!
(R. Yehudah): His Avodah does not need Ritzui Tzitz because of Tum'ah Hutrah be'Tzibur.
The above implies that R. Shimon holds it is Dechuyah.
(Abaye): A broken Tzitz is not Meratzeh (according to both).
The Machlokes is interpreting the Pesukim:
Al Metzach..ve'Nasa- while it is worn (R. Yehudah)
Tamid..lifnei Hash-m- always (R. Shimon)
Question: How will R. Yehudah explain Tamid?
Answer: That the Kohen must not be Meseach Da'as from the Tzitz.
Rabah b. R. Huna had taught that one must have continuous awareness of his Tefilin.
This is a Kal va'Chomer from the Tzitz.