12th CYCLE DEDICATION
SOTAH 15 (5 Sivan) - Dedicated l'Zecher Nishmas Reb Chaim Aryeh ben Aharon Stern Z'L by Shmuel Gut of Brooklyn, N.Y.

1)

(a)From where do we know that the Minchah has to be salted?

(b)What do we learn from the Pasuk in Va'yikra "Ve'hiktir ha'Kohen es Azkarasah ... ve'ha'Noseres min ha'Minchah le'Aharon u'le'Vanav"?

(c)According to Rebbi Chanina, the Kohanim are permitted to eat the Minchah as soon as the fire ignites the Kometz. What does Rebbi Yochanan say?

(d)From where...

1. ... do we learn that the Kohanim are permitted to add wine, oil and honey to their part of the Minchah?

2. ... does Resh Lakish learn that they are obligated to eat it as Matzah and not Chametz?

1)

(a)We know that a Minchah has to be salted - from the Pasuk in Vayikra, which says so specifically.

(b)We learn from the Pasuk "Ve'hiktir ha'Kohen es Azkarasah ... ve'ha'Noseres min ha'Minchah le'Aharon u'le'Vanav" - that as soon as the Kometz has been brought, the Kohanim are permitted to eat the remainder of the Minchah.

(c)According to Rebbi Chanina, the Kohanim are permitted to eat the Minchah as soon as the fire ignites the Kometz; according to Rebbi Yochanan - only when most of the Kometz is burning.

(d)We learn that ...

1. ... the Kohanim are permitted to add wine, oil and honey to their part of the Minchah - from the Pasuk in Korach (in connection with the gifts of Kehunah)"le'Mashchah", which implies 'for greatness, like the kings eat their food'; whilst Resh Lakish learns that ...

2. ... they are obligated to eat it as Matzah and not Chametz - from the Pasuk in Tzav "Lo Se'afeh Chametz, Chelkam" (from the juxtaposition of the last two words).

2)

(a)We have already discussed the qualifications of the various Menachos above. What is the problem with the statement in the Mishnah 'Kol ha'Menachos Te'unos Shemen u'Levonah'?

(b)What does a Minchas Chotei comprise?

(c)Our Mishnah already discussed why a Minchas Sotah does not require oil and frankincense. What reason does Rebbi Shimon in a Beraisa give to explain why it really ought to?

(d)What similar reasoning pertains to a Chatas Chelev?

(e)Why do Chazal refer to every Chatas as a Chatas Chelev?

2)

(a)We have already discussed the qualifications of the various Menachos above. The problem with the statement in the Mishnah 'Kol ha'Menachos Te'unos Shemen u'Levonah' - is that it is inaccurate, seeing as the Minchas Chotei does not.

(b)A Minchas Chotei comprises - the Korban Oleh ve'Yored of a Tamei Mikdash or someone who made a false Shevu'as ha'Edus or Shevu'as Bituy (in Parshas Vayikra), who cannot afford to bring the initial animal Korban or even the birds.

(c)Our Mishnah already discussed why a Minchas Sotah does not require oil and frankincense. Rebbi Shimon in a Beraisa explains that it really ought to - so that the sinner should not gain.

(d)Similar reasoning pertains to a Chatas Chelev - which really ought to include Nesachim (a drink-offering) but does not, both for exactly the same reasons as the Minchas Sotah.

(e)The reason that Chazal refer to every Chatas as a Chatas Chelev is - because of the juxtaposition of the Din of Chatas next to that of Chelev.

3)

(a)In what way do the Chatas and Asham of a Metzora differ from other Chata'os and Ashamos. Why is that?

(b)The reason for this is because they do not come to atone for a sin (like the others do). But how can that be, when Rebbi Shmuel bar Nachmani Amar Rebbi Yonasan have taught us that Tzara'as is a punishment for any one of seven sins?

(c)What then, is the purpose of the Chatas and the Asham of the Metzora?

(d)Then why, according to Rebbi Shimon, does a Chatas Nazir Tahor (which ostensibly comes to permit the Nazir to drink wine) not also require Nesachim?

3)

(a)The Chatas and Asham of a Metzora differ from other Chata'os and Ashamos - inasmuch as they require Nesachim.

(b)The reason for this is because they do not come to atone for a sin (like the others do), and when Rebbi Shmuel bar Nachmani Amar Rebbi Yonasan describes Tzara'as as a punishment for any one of seven sins - he is referring to the actual Tzara'as itself, and not to the Korban.

(c)The purpose of the Chatas and the Asham of the Metzora therefore is - to permit the Metzora to eat Kodshim?

(d)The reason that, according to Rebbi Shimon, a Chatas Nazir Tahor (which ostensibly comes to permit the Nazir to drink wine), does not also require Nesachim is - because he holds like Rebbi Elazar ha'Kapar, who maintains that a Nazir too, has sinned by abstaining from wine, and that his Chatas comes to atone for that sin.

4)

(a)According to Rebbi Meir in a Beraisa, the Sotah's Minchah consists of barley, measure for measure, for feeding her lover the finest foods. On what grounds does Raban Gamliel disagree with him (as we learned in our Mishnah)?

(b)Raban Gamliel explained it like a 'Chomer'. What is a 'Chomer?

4)

(a)According to Rebbi Meir in a Beraisa, the Sotah's Minchah consists of barley, measure for measure, for feeding her lover the finest foods. Raban Gamliel disagrees with him (as we learned in our Mishnah) - because, in that case, the Minchah of a poor Sotah, who cannot afford fine foods, should consist of wheat. Therefore he explains that it is because she behaved like an animal.

(b)Raban Gamliel explained it like a 'Chomer' - a button, which ties the two loose ends of a garment together.

15b----------------------------------------15b

5)

(a)Our Mishnah continues with the procedure of the Sotah following the Minchah. The Kohen then places water from the Kiyor into an earthenware cup. From where do we learn that the water is taken from the Kiyor for this purpose?

(b)How much water does he pour into the cup? What sort of cup does he use?

(c)According to Rebbi Yehudah, only a quarter of a Lug is needed. What sign does the Tana give whereby to remember that Rebbi Yehudah's Shi'ur is smaller than that of the Tana Kama?

5)

(a)Our Mishnah continues with the procedure of the Sotah following the Minchah. The Kohen then places water from the Kiyor into an cup. We learn that the water is taken from the Kiyor for this purpose - from the fact that the Torah refers to the water as "Mayim Kedoshim".

(b)The amount of water he pours - is half a Lug, which he pours into an earthenware cup.

(c)According to Rebbi Yehudah, only a quarter of a Lug is needed. The sign that the Tana gives whereby to remember that Rebbi Yehudah's Shi'ur is smaller than the Tana Kama's is - that just as Rebbi Yehudah diminishes from the Tana Kama's Shi'ur of what is written on the parchment, so too, does he diminish from the Tana Kama's Shi'ur of how much water the Kohen places in the cup.

6)

(a)From whereabout does the Kohen take the earth that he places into the water? Why on the right?

(b)How is the exact location easily recognizable?

(c)What do we learn from the fact that the Torah writes "u'Min he'Afar ... ve'Nasan el ha'Mayim", rather than "ve'Nesanah ba'Mayim"?

6)

(a)The Kohen takes the earth that he places into the water - from the Heichal, to the right of the point of entry from the Ulam (because of the principle that, all things being equal, 'one should always turn to the right').

(b)The exact location is easily recognizable - inasmuch as it is covered by a slab of marble an Amah by an Amah which differs from all the other slabs by virtue of a metal ring that is set in it, which serves as a handle.

(c)We learn from the fact that the Torah writes "u'Min he'Afar ... ve'Nasan el ha'Mayim", rather than "ve'Nasnah ba'Mayim" - that the earth that the Kohen places into the cup has to be noticeable.

7)

(a)Rebbi Yishmael in a Beraisa learns from a 'Gezeirah-Shavah' "Kli" "Kli" from a Metzora that the cup must be new. How does he extrapolate from the Pasuk in Metzora "Ve'shachat es ha'Tzipor ha'Achas el Kli Cheres al Mayim Chayim" that the vessel there, must be a new one?

(b)What does Rebbi Yochanan say to answer the Kashya that, if that is so, why should the water used for the Sotah also not have to be spring water (like that used by a Metzora)?

(c)What do the Chachamim say?

(d)On what grounds do we query Rebbi Yishmael's 'Gezeirah-Shavah' from a Metzora? What special feature does the Din of Metzora have that does not apply to a Sotah?

(e)How does Rabah resolve the problem from the Torah's wording "Ve'lakach bi'Kli Cheres" (rather than "Ve'lakach Kli Cheres")?

7)

(a)Rebbi Yishmael in a Beraisa learns from a 'Gezeirah-Shavah' "Kli" "Kli" from a Metzora that the cup must be new. He extrapolates from the Pasuk in Metzora "Ve'shachat es ha'Tzipor ha'Achas el Kli Cheres al Mayim Chayim" that the vessel there, must be a new one - because, he maintains, the Torah is comparing the vessel to the water (which had to be spring water, as the Torah writes specifically).

(b)To answer the Kashya that, if that is so, why should the water used for the Sotah also not have to be spring water (like that used by a Metzora), Rebbi Yochanan explains - that according to Rebbi Yishmael (the author of this Beraisa) indeed it does.

(c)The Chachamim rule - that this is not necessary.

(d)We query Rebbi Yishmael's 'Gezeirah-Shavah' from a Metzora however, on the grounds that the Din of Metzora has a special feature (that it requires a piece of cedar wood, a sprig of hyssop and a red thread) which a Sotah does not (and presumably, the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' is not Mufneh [superfluous]).

(e)Rabah resolves the problem from the Torah's wording "Ve'lakach bi'Kli Cheres" (rather than "Ve'lakach Kli Cheres") - implying that a Kli Cheres that has been mentioned elsewhere (by Metzora) should be used here (by Sotah) too.

8)

(a)Even though the Chachamim do not learn Mei Sotah from Metzora, says Rava, they will nonetheless concede that the cup must not have changed its appearance due to age. From where do they learn this?

(b)Rava asks whether an aged cup will become eligible if it is returned to the furnace. What does Rebbi Elazar in a Beraisa say about a piece of cedar wood, a sprig of hyssop and a red thread (for a Metzora) that had been tied to a box and slung over one's shoulder?

(c)Why can we not resolve Rava's She'eilah from there? Why might that case be worse than ours?

8)

(a)Even though the Chachamim do not learn Mei Sotah from Metzora, says Rava, they will nonetheless concede that the cup used for a Sotah must not have changed its appearance due to age - because even they cannot deny that it is compared to the water, which must be fresh.

(b)Rava asks whether an aged cup will become eligible if it is returned to the furnace. Rebbi Elazar in a Beraisa rules that a piece of cedar wood, a sprig of hyssop and a red thread that had been tied to a box and slung over one's shoulder and which became bent - is Pasul for a Metzora to use (ostensibly because it is temporarily bent).

(c)We cannot resolve Rava's She'eilah from there however - because the reason there may well be because inevitably, some of the raw material will have rubbed off, which is why it is Pasul (and not because of its having been temporarily bent).

9)

(a)According to the first Beraisa, the Kohen is expected to take the dust from the floor of the Mishkan. What do we learn from ...

1. ... the word "be'Karka"? How would the Din have differed had the Torah written "u'Min he'Afar Asher Yiheyeh ba'Mishkan"?

2. ... "Asher Yiheyeh"? How would the Din have differed had the Torah written "u'Min he'Afar be'Karka ba'Mishkan"?

(b)In which point does the Tana of the second Beraisa argue with the Tana of the first Beraisa? What does he learn from the Torah's wording "Asher Yiheyeh be'Karka ha'Mishkan" (rather than "mi'Karka ha'Mishkan")?

9)

(a)According to the first Beraisa, the Kohen is expected to take the dust from the floor of the Mishkan. We learn from ...

1. ... the word "be'Karka" - that he should take dust from the floor of the Mishkan, and not bring in a box-full from outside?

2. ... "Asher Yiheyeh" - that that is only necessary if there is loose earth there. If not, he is not obligated to bring a spade to loosen the earth, but may bring a box-full of earth from outside.

(b)The Tana of the second Beraisa argues with the first one. He learns from the Torah's wording "Asher Yiheyeh be'Karka ha'Mishkan" (rather than "mi'Karka ha'Mishkan") - that one should bring a box-full of earth from outside.

10)

(a)What does Isi ben Yehudah learn from the superfluous words "be'Karka ha'Mishkan"?

(b)We reject the text 'La'havi Shilo, Nov ve'Giv'on u'Beis Olamim'. On what basis do we reject ...

1. ... 'Shilo'?

2. ... 'Nov ve'Giv'on'?

(c)What sort of Korbanos were brought on the Mizbe'ach in Nov and Giv'on?

10)

(a)Isi ben Yehudah learns from the superfluous words "be'Karka ha'Mishkan" - that Mikdash has the same Din as Mishkan in this regard.

(b)We reject the text 'La'havi Shilo, Nov ve'Giv'on u'Beis Olamim' ...

1. ... 'Shilo' - because Shilo is synonymous with Mishkan, which is precisely where the current Pesukim are written.

2. ... 'Nov ve'Giv'on' - because there was no Mishkan there, only the Mizbe'ach, and the Din of Sotah was not practiced there anyway, seeing as her Korban could not be brought.

(c)The only Korbanos that were brought on the Mizbe'ach in Nov and Giv'on were - Korbanos that had a fixed time.

11)

(a)The author of the first Beraisa cited above is Isi ben Menachem. On what grounds does he consider it unnecessary to learn Mikdash from Mishkan? From where would he have known Mikdash?

(b)What do we learn from the two Pesukim in Chukas "es Mikdash Hash-m Timei" "Ki es Mishkan Hash-m Timei"?

(c)So what does he learn from "be'Karka ha'Mishkan"?

11)

(a)The author of the first Beraisa cited above is Isi ben Menachem, who considers it unnecessary to learn Mikdash from Mishkan - since he learns that from a 'Kal va'Chomer' from Tum'ah. Since we have already learned with regard to Tum'ah (which is only a Chiyuv Kares) that Mikdash has the same Din as Mishkan, then that will certainly be the case with regard to a Sotah, who is even subject to Misas Beis-Din.

(b)We learn from the two Pesukim in Chukas "es Mikdash Hash-m Timei" "Ki es Mishkan Hash-m Timei" - that both Mikdash and Mishkan are subject to Tum'as Kodesh.

(c)So he learns from "be'Karka ha'Mishkan" - that it is not necessary to bring a box-full from outside as we learned above, according to the first Tana.

OTHER D.A.F. RESOURCES
ON THIS DAF