LOCATIONS AND DIMENSIONS IN THE MIKDASH
The Beraisa teaches the location of the Shulchan.
It was within the 20 Amos closest to the Kodesh HaKadoshim.
It was set away from the North wall 2.5 Amos.
The Beraisa goes on to locate the Menorah and the Mizbeach.
The Menorah paralleled the Shulchan near the South wall.
The Mizbeach was in the center, set away (to the East) from the direct line between the Menorah and the Shulchan.
THE TEN MENOROS OF SHLOMO
Question: If they were placed five to the North and five to the South, then only the Southern ones would be Kosher!?
Answer: It means five to the right and five to the left of the Menorah of Moshe.
There is the same dispute as regarding the Shulchanos as to which was used- only the one of Moshe or all (rotating).
USING UP THE GOLD
Michlos Zahav- they used up Shlomo's gold.
The gold was exceedingly refined (losing any impurities).
Question: But the Beraisa teaches that the Menorah of Moshe could not be reduced by refining!?
Answer: Indeed, once refined, it could not be further refined.
HALACHAH 4: THE THIRTEEN SHOFAROS
The 13 Shofaros were labeled as indicated.
The New Shekalim were of the current year.
One who had not brought one year, brought the next into the Shofar marked Old Shekalim.
(R. Yehudah): Kinin are (large) birds while Gozelei Olah are (small) Bnei Yonah [all are Nidvei Olos- not obligations].
(Chachamim): The Kinin Shofar received all Kinin (Chatas and Olah) while the one marked Gozelei Olah received only Olos.
The Mishnah lists the minimum amounts for various unspecified donations (wood, Levonah, and gold).
From the six Shofaros marked Nedavah they brought Olos (the meat went on the Mizbeach and the hides to the Kohanim).
This was derived from the Pasuk by Yehoyadah.
This resolves two seemingly contradictory Pesukim.
THE RATIONALE FOR R. YEHUDAH
There was no Shofar for obligatory Kinin.
We are afraid lest one of the donors died (invalidating the rest).
Question: But the Beraisa says that the woman puts the money into the Shofaros and can then be assured that she is Tehorah!?
Answer: R. Yehudah is speaking where we know that one of the owners died.
Question: But Bereirah should resolve the matter!?
Answer: R. Yehudah does not hold of Bereirah.
THE GIZAR OF WOOD
Question: Does our Mishnah only obligate him to bring two if the donor was not specific, but if he specified one Gizar that would suffice?
Answer: The Mishnah in Yoma indicates that each Gizar is a separate offering (a separate Kohen brought each).
THE AMOUNT OF WOOD IN A GIZAR
(R. Yehoshua b. Levy): The Gizar was an Amah thick (using "smiling" Amos), by an Amah length (stinting Amah).
(R. Ami): It was small like the balance beam of weighing scale.
It was a stinting Amah long to allow room for the Kohanim on the Mizbeach.
LEVONAH NOT LESS THAN A KOMETZ
The source is the word Azkarah found by a donation of Levonah and by the Lechem HaPanim (both are a Kometz).
Question: But the Lechem ha'Panim was doubled (two Kometzim)?
Answer (R. Ila): [According to our text] The Kometz of the Lechem ha'Panim was a separate offering (and the Minchas Choteh as well as the donated Levonah are both learned from it).
(R. Yosah): From R. Ila we learn that the donated Levonah must be the Kometz of a large Kohen.
(R. Chizkiyah citing R. Yirmiyah): An average person (since the donor is free to choose the Kohen).
The GRA understands the answer differently:
Answer (R. Ila): The donated Kometz is derived not from Lechem ha'Panim, but from other Menachos.
(R. Yosah) The Kometz must match the hand of the Kohen.
(R. Chizkiyah citing R. Yirmiyah) It may match the hand of the donor.
GOLD IS DONATED NOT LESS THAN A DINAR
The Dinar is required if the donor mentioned a coin.
If he did not specify a coin, then a small fork is enough.
SHOFAROS FOR NEDAVAH
There are four opinions as to the basis for six Shofaros.
Chizkiyah - six Batei Avos.
Bar Padyah - six types of animals for Korbanos.
Shmuel - six types of Korbanos.
R. Yochanan - to accommodate the large quantity of donations.
Question: The Pasuk in Divrei Hayamim II (24:14) implies that the donations were used for K'lei Shares, whereas the Pasuk in Melachim II (12:14) implies not so?
Answer (R. Shmuel b. Nachmani): There were two collections made by Yehoyada.
Answer (R. Yishmael): It was one donation, with the surplus used for K'lei Shares as per the condition of Beis Din.
Question: The Pasuk refers to two collection boxes?!
Answer: It was one collection but a separate box was placed outside the Azarah for those who were Tamei.