PESACHIM 57 (10 Elul) - This Daf has been dedicated in memory of Sheina Basha (daughter of Yakov and Dora) Zuckerman, who passed away on 10 Elul, by her children and sons in law.


(a)What did Buhin do when he met the poor men who had just collected Pe'ah from his son's vegetable-field?

(b)Why did he need to inform them that he was not being miserly? Of course he wasn't! He was offering them double!

(c)What do we learn from the Pasuk in Re'eh "u'Va ha'Levi Ki Ein Lo Chelek v'Nachalah Imach"?


(a)When Buhin met the poor men who had just collected Pe'ah from his son's vegetable-field - he asked them to throw it all down, promising to re-place it with twice as much Ma'asered vegetables.

(b)He needed to inform them that he was not being miserly - in order to convince them that he was not just pulling their leg.

(c)We learn from "u'Va ha'Levi Ki Ein Lo Chelek v'Nachalah Imach" - that it is only crops in which the Levi does not have a share that are Chayav Ma'aser, but not Hefker or Pe'ah, in which he does.


(a)How were the skins of Kodshei Kodashim originally distributed?

(b)Why did they have to stop employing this method, and what method did they devise instead?

(c)This did not however, prevent the tough leaders of Kehunah from taking the skins by force. What did the owners then do? Who were the owners?

(d)To what extent did Hekdesh Bedek ha'Bayis benefit from the owners' declaration?


(a)Originally, they would place the skins of Kodshei Kodashim (not of Kodshim Kalim, which belonged to the respective owners) in the Beis ha'Parvah, where the Kohanim of that Beis Av (who had served that day) would assemble the same night and distribute them.

(b)However, the strong-armed Kohanim would take all the skins by force. So they changed the distribution time to the end of the week, in the hope that, seeing that all the Kohanim of that week's Mishmar were present, the distribution would be more dignified.

(c)When the owners (all the Kohanim of that Mishmar) saw how the tough leaders of Kehunah (who were also more brazen) continued to take the skins by force, they declared them Hekdesh Bedek ha'Bayis.

(d)It wasn't long before Hekdesh had obtained with the proceeds of those skins, sufficient golden sheeting of one Amah thick, to overlay the entire Heichal.


(a)What do the following have in common: Baytus, Chanin, Kasrus and Yishmael ben Fiachi?

(b)What were ...

1. ... the Alsan of Beis Baytus?

2. ... the Lechishasan of Beis Chanin?

3. ... the Kalmusan of Beis Kasrus?

4. ... the Agrufin of Beis Yishmael ben Fiachi?


(a)Baytus, Chanin, Kasrus and Yishmael ben Fiachi (sometimes known as Yochanan ben Fiabi) - were all Kohanim Gedolim, whose sons were all treasurers, whose sons-in-law were officers of Hekdesh, but whose slaves would beat the people with sticks.


1. ... the Alsan of Beis Baytus - were the sticks of Baytus' household members.

2. ... the Lechishasan of Beis Chanin - the plotters of Chanin's household members.

3. ... the Kulmusan of Beis Kasrus - the pens of Kasrus' household members (who would write evil letters).

4. ... the Agrufin of Beis Yishmael ben Fiachi - the fists of Yishmael ben Fiachi's household members.


(a)The Azarah cried out that the Bnei Eli (Kohen Gadol) should leave it before they rendered it impure. Why did it cry that Yisachar Ish Barkai should leave it too? What did he do wrong?

(b)What did it cry out with regard to ...

1. ... Yishmael ben Fiachi?

2. ... Yochanan ben Narbai?


(a)Yisachar Ish Barkai wrapped his hands with cloths when doing the Avodah in order to keep them clean. That constituted a Chatzitzah as well as being a denigration of the Avodah.

(b)The Azarah cried out with regard to ...

1. ... Yishmael ben Fiachi - 'Gates, lift up your heads, and let Yishmael ben Fiachi (one of the handful of righteous Kohanim Gedolim during the four hundred and twenty years that comprised the era of the second Beis Hamikdash) the son of Pinchas enter and serve as Kohen Gadol.

2. ... Yochanan ben Narbai - the same as it did to Yishmael ben Fiachi, only it added 'and let him fill his stomach with Kodshim'. That was because he would look after many Kohanim in his house all of whom he would feed with Kodshim. The vast amounts that they would subsequently consume would ensure that no Nosar remained that day.


(a)What dispute did the King and Queen (of the family of the Chashmona'im) have concerning the taste of meat?

(b)What made them call the Kohen Gadol as an arbitrator? What was the Kohen Gadol's name?

(c)What did the Kohen Gadol decide and why was that?


(a)The king and queen were disputing as to which tasted better; kid's meat (the King), or lamb's meat (the Queen).

(b)The Kohen Gadol ought to know, they said, seeing as he brings Korbanos every single day. So they brought in the Kohen Gadol, Yishmael Ish Barkai, to arbitrate.

(c)The Kohen Gadol agreed with the Queen, that lamb's meat must taste superior, since it was a lamb that was brought as a Korban Tamid every morning and afternoon. If goat's meat was superior, he argued, why were goats not chosen for the Korban Tamid?



(a)What did Yisachar Ish Kfar Barkai do to arouse the King's anger?

(b)What sentence did the King pass on him?

(c)What happened when he bribed the executioner to sever his left hand instead of his right?

(d)What comment did Rav Yosef make regarding this incident?


(a)Yisachar Ish Kfar Barkai, not satisfied with ruling against the King, added insult to injury by disdainfully waving a hand at the King.

(b)The King passed sentence that his right hand should be cut-off.

(c)The executioner accepted the Kohen Gadol's bribe and severed his left hand, instead of the right one. When the King heard about it, he ordered Yisachar's right-hand to be cut-off as well.

(d)Rav Yosef exclaimed 'Blessed be G-d who gave him his just desert in this world' (rather than in the World to Come).


(a)What did Rav Ashi mean with his statement that Yisachar was not even conversant with a Mishnah? Which Mishnah?

(b)And what did Ravina mean when he added that he did not even know a Pasuk? Which Pasuk?


(a)When Rav Ashi stated that Yisachar was not even conversant with a Mishnah, he was referring to the Mishnah - in Kerisus, which places lambs and kid-goats on a par with each other, thereby proving Yisachar Ish Kfar Barka'i both ignorant and wrong.

(b)When Ravina added that he did not even know a Pasuk - he was referring to the Pesukim in Vayikra - "Im Keves" ... "Im Eiz" without giving any indication which tastes better, it is clear that they are equal.

Hadran Alach, 'Makom she'Nahagu'