[63a - 32 lines; 63b - 50 lines]

1)[line 21]מפגלין בחצי מתירMEFAGLIN B'CHATZI MATIR

(a)If one of the four primary Avodos of a Korban (see Background to Pesachim 59:16) is performed with intent to eat or offer the Korban after its allotted time, the Korban is disqualified. Such a Korban may not be eaten (see Background to Pesachim 61:5).

(b)Certain Avodos consist of two distinct actions. Shechitah, for example, consists of cutting through two parts of the neck; the trachea (Kaneh) and the esophagus (Veshet). Offering a Minchah upon the Mizbe'ach consists of two parts; offering flour and offering Levonah (frankincense). In such cases, the Tana'im disagree as to whether the Korban becomes Pigul if only one of these two actions are performed with intent to eat the Korban after its allotted time. Rebbi Meir disqualifies such a Korban, while the Rabanan do not (Menachos 16a).


2)[line 1]ועד שיהא עמו בעזרהV'AD SHE'YEHEI IMO BA'AZARAH- and only when the Chametz is together with him in the Azarah

3)[line 6]תודהTODAH

(a)The Todah (thanksgiving offering) is a form of Shelamim (see Background to 3:4) which is eaten for only one day and one night (Vayikra 7:15).

(b)An animal sacrificed as a Todah is offered along with forty loaves of bread; ten of each of the following:

1.Chalos Matzos - Matzos mixed with oil;

2.Rekikin - flat Matzos saturated with oil;

3.Soles Murbeches - Matzos made of boiled flour mixed with oil;

4.Loaves of leavened bread. (Vayikra 7:12-13)

(c)One loaf of each type of bread is given to the Kohen who performed the Zerikas ha'Dam of the Todah (Vayikra 7:14). (This is known as Terumas Lachmei Todah.)

(d)As is the case with all Kodshim Kalim, the Chazeh (breast) and Shok (thigh) of the animal are given to the Kohen (Vayikra 7:34). Certain fats and other parts of the Korban are offered on the Mizbe'ach (Vayikra 3:3-4, 9-10, 14-15). The rest of the Korban as well as the remaining loaves of bread are eaten by the owner of the Korban (and his guests) within the borders of Yerushalayim.

4)[line 8]חוץ לחומת בית פאגיCHUTZ L'CHOMAS BEIS PAGI- outside of the wall of Beis Pagi (a neighborhood at the outskirts of Yerushalayim; i.e. beyond the outermost wall of Yerushalayim)

5)[line 12]בהתראת ספקHASRA'AS SAFEK

(a)Beis Din may only administer a penalty such as the death penalty or Malkus when: a) two men, acceptable to Beis Din as witnesses, are present to testify that the individual indeed perpetrated the misdeed, and b) the witnesses affirm that they delivered a proper Hasra'ah (warning) before the Lav was transgressed. Hasra'ah must make it clear to the one about to perform the prohibited action that what he is considering doing is prohibited, as well as what the ramifications of his action will be. If the best that the witnesses can muster is a warning that such an action may be prohibited, then they have administered a Hasra'as Safek. There is disagreement between the Amora'im as to whether a punishment may be administered based upon a Hasra'as Safek.

(b)If, for example, two people warn someone who is about to slaughter a Korban Pesach not to do so as he may own Chametz, he will not receive Malkus even if he was indeed in possession of Chametz at that time according to the opinion which maintains that Hasra'as Safek is not a valid Hasra'ah. Since the warning which he received did not make it clear that he would transgress a prohibition be slaughtering the Korban but rather that he may transgress a prohibition by doing so, it is as if he has received no Hasra'ah at all.

(c)Similarly, if one vowed to consume a certain loaf of bread "today," and two people present warn him to eat it immediately as he may not have a chance to do so before the end of the day, which would lead to a transgression of his vow, he will not receive Malkus even if he does not consume the bread before the end of the day. This is a Hasra'as Safek, since there is no transgression taking place at this time. It will only become clear whether or not his inaction at this time was a transgression of his vow once the day comes to an end.

6)[line 17]לאו שאין בו מעשהLAV SHE'EIN BO MA'ASEH

(a)Any negative commandment which is transgressed through inaction is called a Lav she'Ein Bo Ma'aseh. An example of such a Lav is one who does not eat a loaf of bread on a day upon which he has vowed to eat it. By ignoring the bread completely, he transgresses his vow.

(b)Since one did not perform an action when transgressing such a negative prohibition, he does not receive Malkus for his infraction.

7)[line 29]אכלי שרתKLI SHARES

(a)Any vessel or utensil used in the performance of the service in the Beis ha'Mikdash is described as a "Kli Shares". Any item which enters a Kli Shares becomes consecrated to Hekdesh (Shemos 30:29; RASHI).

(b)This is true only when the Kli Shares is in the Azarah (TOSFOS DH Midi).