1)

(a)According to Rebbi Yehudah bar Bizna, in the episode of Moshe's laxness regarding the Bris Milah, what role did ...

1. ... the angels 'Af' and 'Cheimah' play?

2. ... Tziporah play?

(b)According to Rebbi Yehudah bar Bizna, Moshe wanted to kill the two angels, but Hash-m stopped him. What do others say?

(c)What problem does the Pasuk in Ekev "Ki Yagorti Mipnei ha'Af v'ha'Cheimah" then pose?

(d)Some answer that there were two Mal'achim called Cheimah. What do others say?

1)

(a)According to Rebbi Yehudah bar Bizna, in the episode of Moshe's laxness regarding the Bris Milah...

1. ... the angels 'Af' and 'Cheimah' swallowed Moshe from his head up to the Mekom ha'Milah, at which point ...

2. ... Tziporah took a sharp rock, and saved his life, by performing the Mitzvah.

(b)According to Rebbi Yehudah bar Bizna, Moshe wanted to kill the two angels, but Hash-m stopped him. Others say - that he actually killed Cheimah.

(c)The Pasuk in Ekev "Ki Yagorti Mipnei ha'Af ve'ha'Cheimah" then poses a problem - inasmuch as it implies that Cheimah was 'alive and well' at a much later date.

(d)Some answer that there were two Mal'achim called Cheimah. Others say - that the Pasuk refers not to Cheimah himself, but to his troop, which survived him.

2)

(a)The last opinion cited in our Mishnah, cites the Pasuk in Yirmeyahu "Im Lo Brisi, Yomam va'Laylah ... Lo Samti" to highlight the Mitzvah Milah above all other Mitzvos. Rebbi Elazar however, disagrees with this interpretation of 'Brisi'. How does he interpret it? To what will we then attribute the world's creation?

2)

(a)The last opinion cited in our Mishnah cites the Pasuk in Yirmeyahu "Im Lo Brisi, Yomam va'Laylah ... Lo Samti" to above all other Mitzvos. Rebbi Elazar however, disagrees with this interpretation of 'Brisi'. In his opinion - "Brisi" refers to Torah, on whose merit the world was created.

3)

(a)Why was Avraham initially afraid when Hash-m said to him "His'halech Lefanai v'Heyei Samim"?

(b)How did Hash-m allay his fears?

(c)What does Rav Yitzchak learn, regarding Temimus (obeying Hash-m without asking any questions), from the Pasuk in Shmuel "Im Chasid Tis'chasad, Im Gevar Tamim Titamam"?

(d)What does Rav Hoshaya say happens to a person who goes with Temimus before Hash-m?

3)

(a)When Hash-m said to Avraham "His'halech Lefanai v'Heyei Samim", he was initially afraid - because he understood it to mean that he had done something wrong and was being encouraged to mend his ways.

(b)Hash-m allayed his fears - by continuing "va'Etnah Brisi Beini u'Veinecha"(confirming that his current imperfection was physical, and not spiritual).

(c)Regarding Temimus, Rav Yitzchak learns from the Pasuk in Shmuel "Im Chasid Tis'chasad, Im Gevar Tamim Titamam" - that Hash-m repays those who go before Him with Temimus (who obey Him without asking any questions).

(d)Rav Hoshaya says that a person who goes with Temimus before Hash-m - will rise to greatness.

4)

(a)When Hash-m informed Avraham that Sarah would bear him a son, why did he have difficulty in understanding how this was possible?

(b)Based on the Pasuk "Vayotzei Oso ha'Chutzah", Hash-m reassured him. How did he do this?

4)

(a)When Hash-m informed Avraham that Sarah would bear him a son, he had difficulty in understanding how this was possible - because he had read in the stars that he (Avram) would have no children (and he believed that what the stars forecast is irrevocable [which is indeed the case concerning Nochrim]).

(b)Hash-m reassured him however - by telling him to go out from his astrology ("Vayotzei Oso ha'Chutzah"), because Yisrael are above the laws of nature and not totally subject to them (that is why Hash-m also said to him there "Habeit Na ha'Shamaymah" - implying that he should look down at the stars), for if Avram could not have children, his name would now be changed to Avraham, who could.

5)

(a)What does Rebbi say will happen to a person who indulges in black-magic?

(b)Why can the source for this not lie in the Pasuk in Balak "Ki Lo Nachash b'Yakov"?

(c)From which principle do we learn it?

(d)What does the Beraisa quoted by Rav Ahavah b'rei d'Rebbi Zeira learn from the concluding words of this Pasuk, "ka'Eis Ye'amer l'Yakov u'le'Yisrael Mah Pa'al Kel"?

(e)How is this too, a matter of 'Midah Keneged Midah'?

5)

(a)Rebbi says that a person who indulges in black-magic - will fall prey to it (and will suffer as a result - like we find by Shaul ha'Melech).

(b)This cannot stem from the Pasuk in Balak "Ki Lo Nachash b'Yakov" - because the word "Lo" there is spelled with an 'Alef' and not with a 'Vav'.

(c)In fact, we learn it from the principle - 'Midah Keneged Midah' ('Measure for measure', the method of judgment invariably employed by Hash-m).

(d)The Beraisa quoted by Rav Ahavah Brei d'Rebbi Zeira learns from the concluding words of this Pasuk "ka'Eis Ye'amer l'Yakov ul'Yisrael Mah Pa'al Kel" - that someone who avoids dabbling in black-magic, but who trusts implicitly in Hash-m, will eventually land up in an area that is closer to Hash-m than that of the angels, and that will prompt the angels to question him about Hash-m's actions.

(e)This too, is a matter of 'Midah Keneged Midah' - because when someone relinquishes his interest in dabbling in supernatural forces, instead placing his faith in Hash-m, Hash-m will respond by elevating him to a (supernatural) plain that is beyond that of the angels.

6)

(a)A number of reasons are given to explain why Avraham's descendants had to suffer in Egypt for two hundred and ten years. Based on the Pasuk in Vayeira "Vayarek es Chanichav Yelidei Beiso", Rebbi Avahu Amar Rebbi Elazar ascribes it to the fact that he mobilized Talmidei-Chachamim (his disciples) to fight against the four kings. What does ...

1. ... Shmuel learn from the Pasuk there "Bamah Eida Ki Irashenah"?

2. ... Rebbi Yochanan learn from the Pasuk there "Ten Li ha'Nefesh, v'ha'Rechush Kach Lach"?

(b)Rav interprets "Vayarek es Chanichav Yelidei Beiso" to mean that Avraham inspired them to fight. With what kind of weapons?

(c)How else might we explain Rav's statement?

(d)How does Shmuel explain it?

6)

(a)A number of reasons are given as to why Avraham's descendants had to suffer in Egypt for two hundred and ten years. Based on the Pasuk in Vayera "Vayarek es Chanichav Yelidei Beiso", Rebbi Avahu Amar Rebbi Elazar ascribes it to the fact that he mobilized Talmidei-Chachamim (his disciples) to fight against the four kings.

1. Shmuel learns from the Pasuk there "Bamah Eida Ki Irashenah" - that it is because he displayed a lack of faith by querying Hash-m's promise to give him Eretz Yisrael.

2. ... Rebbi Yochanan learns from the Pasuk there "Ten Li ha'Nefesh, v'ha'Rechush Kach Lach" - that it is because he returned the captives (that he had recaptured from the four kings) to the king of Sedom, instead of bringing them under the Wings of the Shechinah.

(b)Rav interprets "Vayarek es Chanichav Yelidei Beiso" to mean that Avraham inspired them to fight, with words of Torah (see also Rosh).

(c)Alternatively, what Rav means is - that Avraham emptied them of the Torah that they had learned from him (though it is not clear why Rav then says 'ba'Torah, instead of 'mi'Torah').

(d)Shmuel explains it to mean - that he offered them a lot of gold to tempt them to go to war with him.

7)

(a)Rav Ami bar Aba puts Eliezer on a par with all the other three hundred and eighteen men who fought together with Avraham. What do others point out?

(b)What does Rav Ami bar Aba learn from the Pasuk in Toldos "Ekev Asher Shama Avraham b'Koli"?

(c)And what does he comment on ...

1. ... the word 'ha'Satan'?

2. ... the fact that Avraham was initially called Avram, and that when he performed the Milah, Hash-m changed his name to Avraham?

(d)Which four limbs, besides that of the Milah, are we talking about? What does Rav Ami bar Aba then mean to say?

7)

(a)Rav Ami bar Aba puts Eliezer on a par with all the other three hundred and eighteen men who fought together with Avraham. Others point out - that the numerical value of Eliezer's name is actually three hundred and eighteen, and that perhaps it was Eliezer alone who went to war with Avraham.

(b)Rav Ami bar Aba learns from the Pasuk "Ekev Asher Shama Avraham b'Koli" - that Avraham listened to Hash-m for a hundred and seventy two years (the numerical value of "Ekev"), which (bearing in mind that Avraham lived until the age of a hundred and seventy five) means that he first acknowledged Hash-m at the age of three.

(c)And he comments on ...

1. ... the word 'ha'Satan' - that its numerical value is three hundred and sixty four, implying that there is one day in the year when the Satan does not have jurisdiction over our deeds; namely, Yom Kippur.

2. ... the fact that Avraham was initially called "Avram", and that when he performed the Milah, Hash-m changed his name to "Avraham" - that initially, he only had control over two hundred and forty three limbs (the numerical value of "Avram"), and it was only after he performed the Mitzvah of Milah that he gained control over the other five (totaling two hundred and forty eight - the numerical value of "Avraham").

(d)The four limbs that we are talking about, besides that of the Milah, are the two eyes and the two ears (which are the only limbs that function automatically), and which a person who has had Bris Milah brings under his control (with Divine inspiration).

32b----------------------------------------32b

8)

(a)"Ir Gedolah", in the Pasuk in Koheles, refers to the body, and "Anashim Bah Me'at" to the limbs. What is meant by ...

1. ... "Melech Gadol"?

2. ... "Metzodim va'Charamim"?

3. ... "Ish Miskein v'Chacham"?

(b)How will the latter save the city?

(c)And what is meant by the statement "v'Adam Lo Zachar es ha'Ish ha'Miskein ha'Hu"?

(d)Another Pasuk there teaches us that Teshuvah and good deeds performed by the ten rulers strengthen the wise man. Five of the rulers are synonymous with the five limbs mentioned above. With which limbs are the other five synonymous?

8)

(a)"Ir Gedolah", in the Pasuk in Koheles, refers to the body, and "Anashim Bah Me'at" to the limbs.

1. "Melech Gadol" - refers to the Yetzer ha'Ra.

2. ... "Metzodim va'Charamim" - to sins.

3. ... "Ish Misken v'Chacham" - refers to the Yetzer Tov.

(b)The latter will save the city - by getting them to perform Teshuvah and good deeds.

(c)"v'Adam Lo Zachar es ha'Ish ha'Misken ha'Hu" - means that, at the time that a person sins, he does not give a thought to the Yetzer Tov.

(d)Another Pasuk there teaches us that Teshuvah and good deeds performed by the ten rulers strengthen the wise man. Five of the rulers are synonymous with the five limbs mentioned above - the other five with the two hands, the two feet and the mouth (comprising the ten limbs mainly responsible for all one's actions).

9)

(a)What does Rebbi Zecharyah in the name of Rebbi Yishmael learn from the Pasuk in Vayera "u'Malki Tzedek ... v'Hu Kohen l'Kel Elyon"? Who was Malki Tzedek?

(b)What did he do to lose that merit?

(c)In the end, the Kehunah was given to the descendants of Avraham. But was Avraham not also a descendent of Shem?

(d)What does Rebbi Zecharyah learn from "v'*Hu* Kohen ... "?

9)

(a)Rebbi Zecharyah in the name of Rebbi Yishmael learns from the Pasuk "u'Malki Tzedek ... v'Hu Cohen l'Kel Elyon" - that Hash-m had originally intended all of Malki Tzedek (alias Shem)'s descendants to inherit the Kehunah from him (because the Kehunah as we know, is hereditary).

(b)He lost that merit however - because he blessed Avraham before blessing Hash-m (and it is imperative for a Kohen to have his priorities right).

(c)In the end, the Kehunah was given to the descendants of Avraham - who gained it on his own merit, and not because he was a descendent of Shem (who had already lost it).

(d)Rebbi Zecharyah learns from "ve*'Hu* Kohen ... " - that Shem was a Kohen but not his descendants.

HADRAN ALACH 'ARBA'AH NEDARIM'

PEREK EIN BEIN HA'MUDAR

10)

(a)What does our Mishnah say about someone who is Mudar food from his friend, with regard to borrowing from him ...

1. ... a strainer, a sieve or a mill?

2. ... a shirt, a ring, a cloak or nose-rings?

(b)Besides this latter list, what other difference exists between someone who is Mudar Hana'ah from his friend and someone who is Mudar from him only food?

(c)Why does the Tana include in the former list (of things that are forbidden even to someone who is Mudar Ma'achal) the things that he mentioned, rather than pots and spit-rods and the like?

10)

(a)Our Mishnah forbids someone who is Mudar food from his friend to borrow from him ...

1. ... a strainer, a sieve or a mill, but allows him to borrow ...

2. ... a shirt, a ring, a cloak or nose-rings.

(b)Besides this latter list, someone who is Mudar Hana'ah from his friend is not permitted to walk on his property - whereas someone who is Mudar from him only food, is.

(c)The Tana includes in the former list (of things that are forbidden even to someone who is Mudar Ma'achal) the things that he mentioned, rather than pots and spit-rods and the like - to teach us that even though these things are not used in the final stages of food preparation (like pots and spit-rods are), they are nevertheless forbidden.

11)

(a)Why must the author of our Mishnah (who forbids a Mudar Hana'ah to walk in the Madir's property) be Rebbi Eliezer? What does Rebbi Eliezer say?

(b)What would the Rabanan say in the same case?

(c)Will the Rabanan also argue with Rebbi Eliezer with regard to sitting in his courtyard?

(d)Rabeinu Chananel and Rabeinu Tam rule like the Chachamim. Why does the Ramban rule like Rebbi Eliezer?

11)

(a)The author of our Mishnah (who forbids a Mudar Hana'ah to walk in the Madir's property) must be Rebbi Eliezer - who includes in the Isur Hana'ah even the trivial benefits that most people would be Mochel (such as a storekeeper placing an extra fruit or two on the scales).

(b)According to the Rabanan - any Hana'ah that people tend to be Mochel is not included in the Isur Hana'ah.

(c)The Rabanan only argue with Rebbi Eliezer with regard to walking through the Madir's courtyard, which people tend to be Mochel - but not with regard to sitting there and engaging in various kinds of activities. There, they concede that, partners aside, people tend to be fussy about that, in which case it will be included in the Isur Hana'ah.

(d)Rabeinu Chananel and Rabeinu Tam rule like the Chachamim. The Ramban rule like Rebbi Eliezer - because (apart from another proof from Perek ha'Shutfin) it is a Stam Mishnah.

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