NEDARIM 12-14 - Two weeks of Dafyomi study material have been dedicated by Ms. Estanne Abraham-Fawer to honor the eighth Yahrzeit of her father, Rav Mordechai ben Eliezer Zvi (Rabbi Morton Weiner) Z'L, who passed away on 18 Teves 5760. May the merit of supporting and advancing Dafyomi study -- which was so important to him -- during the weeks of his Yahrzeit serve as an Iluy for his Neshamah.

[14a - 22 lines; 14b - 22 lines]

1)[line 4]ואלו מותרין כחולין כבשר חזירV'ELU MUTARIN K'CHULIN: KI'VESAR CHAZIR- that is, the cases listed in the Mishnah begin with Besar Chazir, and all of them are like Chulin in that they are permitted; the Neder is not binding

2)[line 9]מחוורתאMECHAVARTA- it is clearly correct

3)[line 10]ממילא נסבהMIMELA NASVAH- [Chulin] was listed [in the Mishnah] for no reason

4)[line 11]בדבר הנדורDAVAR HA'NADUR- another object which has been prohibited either through a Neder or by becoming Hekdesh (consecrated), i.e. that has been prohibited because of an Isur that a person placed upon it

5)[line 17]כערלהORLAH

(a)In the first three years after a fruit tree is planted, its fruits are called Orlah and are Asurim b'Hana'ah, as it states in Vayikra 19:23.

(b)If a person eats a k'Zayis of Orlah fruit, he receives Malkos. If he derives benefit from Orlah (or any other food that is Asur b'Hana'ah), according to most Rishonim he is punished with Malkos (TOSFOS Chulin 120a DH Ela), while according to others, he is only punished with Makas Mardus, a Rabbinic institution of Malkos. (RAMBAM Hilchos Ma'achalos Asuros 8:16 - see also Mishneh l'Melech to Yesodei ha'Torah 5:8.)

6)[line 17]וככלאי הכרםKIL'EI HA'KEREM

(a)It is forbidden to plant different types of crops together as it states in the Torah, "Sadecha Lo Sizra Kil'ayim" - "Do not plant different species (together) in your field" (Vayikra 19:19), and "Lo Sizra Karmecha Kil'ayim, Pen Tikdash ha'Melei'ah ha'Zera Asher Tizra u'Sevu'as ha'Karem" - "You shall not sow your vineyard with other species, lest the fruit of the seed which you have sown, and the fruit of the vineyard, be forfeited" (Devarim 22:9). If one sows Kil'ayim, the produce becomes prohibited ("Kidesh," from the word in the verse, "Tikdash").

(b)The Mishnayos in Maseches Kil'ayim specify the distance that one must leave in between different crops.


7)[line 5]דמחתא אורייתא אארעאD'MACHTA ORAISA A'AR'A- that is, when he is not holding the Sefer Torah

8)[line 7]אגויליA'GEVILEI- the parchments upon which the Torah is written

9)[line 8]האזכרותHA'AZKAROS- the names of HaSh-m