[22a - 40 lines; 22b - 33 lines]

1)[line 1]הבערהHAV'ARAH- the forbidden Melachah of igniting or transferring a flame on Shabbos

2)[line 2]אפיקAPIK- take out

3)[line 6]עצי אשירהATZEI ASHEIRAH - the wood of an Asheirah tree (ASHEIRAH)

(a)Asheirah is a form of Avodah Zarah. (Asheirah was a popular fertility goddess in the Near East. She is identified with Astarte (Ashtaros) and Aphrodite.) An Asheirah must be cut down and destroyed. No benefit can be derived from it.

(b)The Gemara here refers to one who fueled his fire with the wood of such a tree.

4)[line 14]בנחל איתןB'NACHAL EISAN- [one who plants seeds] in a Nachal Eisan, where the Mitzvah of Eglah Arufah was once performed. The term means: (a) a swiftly flowing stream (RAMBAM Hilchos Rotze'ach 9:2); (b) a valley with tough soil (RASHI Sotah 46b). (See Insights to Sotah 46:1.)

5)[line 16]המוחק את השם בהליכתוHA'MOCHEK ES HA'SHEM B'HALICHASO- one who erases HaSh-m's Name as he is walking

6)[line 19]בהרתוBAHARASO- [one who cuts off] his Baheres mark, a mark that renders him a Metzora (see Background to Sanhedrin 87:7a)

7)[line 21]המזיח החושן מעל האפודHA'MAZI'ACH HA'CHOSHEN ME'AL HA'EFOD- one who loosens the Choshen (breastplate) from the Efod (apron)

8)[line 22]בדי ארוןBADEI ARON- the poles that carry the Aron

9)[line 30]מושבע ועומד מהר סיני הואMUSH'BA V'OMED ME'HAR SINAI HU- he is sworn in from the time of the giving of the Torah at Har Sinai. (Since the oath does not take effect, there is no additional set of Malkus.)

10)[line 33]בשאלהSHE'ELAH- annulment. The Mishnah does not mention any prohibition that is subject to annulment.

11)[line 33]נזיר שמשוןNEZIR SHIMSHON

A Nezir Shimshon is a Nazir until the end of his life, with the exception that he may come in contact with a corpse (and does not have to bring a Korban for doing so). He is never allowed to cut his hair or drink wine.

12)[line 34]איסור כוללISUR KOLEL

(a)An object that is already prohibited by one Isur Torah cannot become prohibited by a second one (Ein Isur Chal Al Isur). However, there are a number of possible exceptions to this principle (when we rule Isur Chal Al Isur) that are debated by the Tana'im (Chulin 101a):

1.Isur b'Vas Achas - Two Isurim may take effect at the same instant to prohibit the same object.

2.Isur Kollel - The second Isur may take effect if it includes objects that the first Isur did not (e.g. Yom ha'Kipurim prohibits not only the eating of Neveilos, but Kosher foods as well).

3.Isur Mosif - The second Isur may take effect if it adds a new dimension of Isur to the first (e.g. it prohibits the object to people who were not included in the first Isur, or it makes the object Asur b'Hana'ah and not just Asur to be eaten.

4.Isur Chamur (according to Rebbi Yehudah) - A more stringent Isur can take effect on an object that is already prohibited by a less stringent Isur (e.g. the prohibition of Gid ha'Nasheh is more stringent than the prohibition of non-Kosher animals, since it applied to Benei Yakov when they were still permitted to eat non-Kosher animals).

(b)According to Rebbi Shimon, an object that is already prohibited can never become prohibited by another Isur, even if the second Isur is Kolel, Mosif or Chamur.

13)[line 35]פסולי מוקדשיןPESULEI HA'MUKDASHIN

(a)Pesulei ha'Mukdashin are animals designated as Korbanos that have become unfit to be offered upon the Mizbe'ach due to the development of a Mum (blemish). They must be redeemed. After that point, they still may not be used for labor, shorn or milked. They may, however, be slaughtered and eaten (Bechoros 15b).

(b)The Mishnah in Bechoros (5:1) explains that the meat of Pesulei ha'Mukdashin may be sold in the marketplace and weighed with regular weights. Although such actions would normally be considered disrespectful for animals that were Kadosh, this is permitted for the benefit of Hekdesh. Since this is the way to fetch the highest price for them, this is turn raises the price of their redemption.

(c)Our Gemara teaches that one who breeds or does work with Pesulei ha'Mukdashin is liable to Malkus for Kil'ayim, because the Torah compares such animals to: (a) both Chulin and Kodshim (RIVAN); (b) deer and gazelles "כַּצְּבִי וְכָאַיָּל" (Devarim 12:15 - RABBEINU TAM cited in Tosfos).

14)[last line]ראיות להשתלשRE'UYOS L'HISHTALESH- [the number of lashes one receives] must be fit to be divided by three


15)[line 6]סוכםSOCHEM- counts [up to]

16)[line 7]טפשאיTIPSHA'EI- fools

17)[line 8]דקיימי מקמיD'KAIMEI MEKAMEI- that they stand up [before]

18)[line 9]גברא רבהGAVRA RABAH- a great person, i.e. a Torah scholar

19)[line 22]שתי ידיו על העמוד הילך והילךSHTEI YADAV AL HA'AMUD HELACH V'HELACH- [they would bind] his two hands around the post on either side [to lash him]

20)[line 23]נקרעוNIKRE'U- (a) they were torn a little; (b) they were torn lengthwise; (c) the garment itself was torn

21)[line 23]נפרמוNIFREMU- (a) they were torn into shreds; (b) they were torn widthwise; (c) the stitches of the garment were torn apart (BARTENURA, TIFERES YISRAEL to Sotah 7b)

22)[line 25]של עגל, כפולה אחד לשניםSHEL EGEL, KEFULAH ECHAD LI'SHNAYIM- the strap was made of calfskin, doubled over one into two

23)[line 28]מוטהMUTEH- leaning to the side

24)[line 32]נתקלקלNISKALKEL- [if the person being lashed] soiled himself; i.e. due to distress he lost control of his bodily functions

25)[last line]בריעיRE'I- [liquid] excrement