1) TOSFOS DH SHEEINO YOTZEI BROSHEI EVARIM

(Summary: Tosfos explains the Chidush.)

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(a) Reason: Since we would have thought that he is not worse than an Eved Canaani, who does not go out in six years or Yovel, or with deducting what he paid and who serves the daughjter, yet he goes out with the main limbs.

2) TOSFOS DH AVKAH SHEL SHEVIIS

(Summary: Tosfos explains why it is called Avkah.)

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(a) Clarification: This means the lighter side of the sin, since the basic Isur of Shmitah is working the land - such as plowing and planting ...

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1. Clarification (cont.): Whereas business is merely asn Asei - to eat, and not to trade ...

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(b) Conclusion: It therefore stands to reason that the current punishment is for trading - measure for measure.

3) TOSFOS DH HA KAMSHMA LAN LIZBON INISH BRATEIH

(Summary: Tosfos explains the Chumra.)

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(a) Implied Question: Even though he recdems her against his will (above, Daf 18b) ...

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(b) Answer: Nevertheless, interest is a harsher punishment.

4) TOSFOS DH LEEIKER ZEH AVODAS KOCHAVIM

(Summary: Tosfos explains the term Eiker.)

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(a) Reason for the Term: Because ultimately it will be uprooted.

5) TOSFOS DH AVAD ARBA UPASHU LEIH TARTISEISIV LEIH TARTI KFI SHANAV (This Dibur belongs on Amud Beis).

(Summary: Tosfos disagrees with Rashis ecxplanation.)

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(a) Explanation #1: Rashi explains that the Pasuk is speaking where he neither increased nor decreased in value.

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(b) Question: In that case, why does the Pasuk change its Lashon, it should either write miKesef Miknaso by both or Kfi Shanav?

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(c) Explanation #2: haRav Baruch therefore explains that Im Od Rabos baShanim speaks - where he worked two years and four remained, miKesef Miknaso teaches us that he must give him four Dinrim, irrespective of whether he decreased or increased in value ...

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1. Explanation #2 (cont.): Since he is closer to the time of his entry than of his departure.

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2. Explanation #2 (cont.): And Im Meat Nishar baShanim teaches us that where he worked four years and two remain, and he is closer to the time of departure, he gives him according to his current value, whether his value decreased or increased.

6) TOSFOS DH KOL HAKONEH EVED IVRI KKONEH ADON LATZMO (This Dibur belongs above, before DH Avkah)

(Summary: Tosfos explains why that is.)

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(a) Question: Why is he a master over himself? Why will it not sufficce if he (the Eved) is equal to his master?

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(b) Answer: As it says in the Yerushalmi - There are times when he only has one cushion; if he himself lies on it he fails to fulfill ki Tov lo Imach ...

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1. Answer (cont.): Whereas if he neither lies on it nor gives it to his Eved, he is guilty of Midas Sdom. Consequently, he has no option other than to hand it to the Eved.

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2. Answer (concl.): And that is what is meant by Adon leAtzmo.

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7) TOSFOS DH GEULASSO GEULASO GAMAR

(Summary: Tosfos proves that this is not a genuine Gezeirah Shavah.)

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(a) Clarification: Rabeinu Tam explains that this is not a real Gezeirah Shavah, but merely an indication ...

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(b) Proof: Because if it was, how can the Gemara say or perhaps we only apply it leKula but not leChumra ...

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1. Proof (cont.): Since it is a Gezeirah Shavah, we must apply both leKula and leChumra, based on the principle Ein Gezeirah Shavah leMechtzah (There is no Gezeirah Shavah in halves).

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(c) Support: And this is also implied shortly in connection with houses in a walled city, when the Gemara says Where the Torah reveals it is revealed, and where it doesnt, then it is not.

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1. Proof: Again, if it is a Gezeirah Shavah, it should apply even where it is not revealed.

8) TOSFOS DH EISEIVEIH

(Summary: Tosfos clarifies the Gemaras question and queries it.)

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(a) Clarification: The proof is from the Seifa, which states Someone who sells a house in a walled city may not borrow to redeem it or redeem it in halves.

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(b) Question: What is the Kashya on Rav Sheishes? Perhaps that Beraisa goes like Rebbi Shimon ...

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1. Question (cont.): And when it says earlier by Batei Arei Chomah that One may borrow to redeem it or redeem it in halves speaks after the Pasuk include by Makdish Im Gaol Yigal ...

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2. Question (concl.): Whereas the Beraisa that states that one may not, speaks if it had not written Im Gaol Yigal? ...

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(c) Support: As the Gemara said before that one may.

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