THE RESULT OF RAV ANAN'S MISTAKE
Rav Nachman: It is a Mitzvah to judge either case. It is better to judge this Ploni's case first, since this honors the Torah.
When Ploni's opponent saw the honor given to Ploni he was befuddled, and was unable to argue his case well.
Eliyahu used to teach Rav Anan. After this episode, he stopped coming. Rav Anan fasted and prayed until Eliyahu returned. He was frightened, and had to sit in a box.
What he learned before this episode is called Seder Eliyahu Rabah. What he learned afterwards is called Seder Eliyahu Zuta.
There was a famine in the days of Rav Yosef; they asked him to request mercy.
Rav Yosef: When the Talmidim rose to leave after Elisha's lesson, 2200 remained (i.e. he supported 2200 Talmidim), and he did not request mercy at a time of anger. How can I?!
Question: How do we know that Elisha supported 2200 Talmidim?
Answer - Question: What was the question "should I give this before 100 men?"
If he refers to giving 22 loaves (for 100 men), at a time of hunger receiving over a fifth of a loaf is a lot!
Answer: Rather, he asked how each loaf will satisfy 100 men.
Rav supported 1200 Talmidim. Rav Huna supported 800 Talmidim.
Thirteen men used to broadcast Rav Huna's lessons (because there were so many Talmidim).
When the Talmidim rose to leave after the lesson (in Bavel), they shook their cloaks, and the dust blocked out the sun. Even people in Eretz Yisrael could tell when the lesson ended!
Rabah and Rav Yosef supported 400 Talmidim. Abaye (others say that Rav Papa or Rav Ashi) supported 200 Talmidim.
They called themselves 'orphans of orphans' (compared to their predecessors).
SOME USES OF TERUMAS HA'LISHKAH
(R. Yitzchak bar Radifa): Chachamim who checked Korbanos for blemishes in Yerushalayim received stipends from Terumas ha'Lishkah (money taken from a chamber of half-Shekalim that Yisraelim give every year to buy Korbanos of the Tzibur).
(Rav Yehudah): Chachamim who taught to the Kohanim laws of slaughter received stipends from Terumas ha'Lishkah.
(Rav Gidal): Chachamim who taught to the Kohanim laws of Kemitzah (taking a handful of a flour-offering) received stipends from Terumas ha'Lishkah.
(Rabah bar bar Chanah): Chachamim who checked the accuracy of Sefarim received stipends from Terumas ha'Lishkah.
(Rav Nachman citing Rav): Women who wove Parochos (curtains, for in front of the Kodesh ha'Kodoshim) received stipends from Terumas ha'Lishkah.
(Rav Nachman himself): They received stipends from Bedek ha'Bayis (Hekdesh funds used for upkeep of the Mikdash), since the Parochos (in the second Mikdash) were in place of a wall (in the first Mikdash).
Question (Beraisa): Women that wove Parochos, Beis Garmo (who made the Lechem ha'Panim (showbread), and Beis Avtinas (who made the incense) received stipends from Terumas ha'Lishkah.
Answer: That refers to other curtains, which were not in place of a wall;
(R. Zeira): There were 13 Parochos in the second Mikdash. Seven were for the seven gates, one for the opening of the Heichal, one for the opening of the Ulam, two between the Kodesh and the Kodesh ha'Kodashim, and two in the corresponding place in the second story.
(Beraisa): Women who raised their children in Taharah to engage in Parah Adumah received stipends from Terumas ha'Lishkah;
Aba Sha'ul says, rich women would supply them with food and clothing.
Question (Rav Huna): May Klei Shares (Kelim used to serve in the Mikdash) be bought with money of Bedek ha'Bayis?
Are they a need of the outer Mizbe'ach (it is of stone and is like part of the Mikdash), are therefore they are bought from Bedek ha'Bayis funds?
Or, are they a need of the Korbanos, and therefore they are bought from Terumas ha'Lishkah?
Answer (Rav): They are bought only from Terumas ha'Lishkah.
Question (Rav Huna): "... The rest of the money (given for Bedek ha'Bayis) was used for Kelim".
Counter-question (Rav): Did you learn only Kesuvim, but not Nevi'im?
Contradiction: "The money will not be used for bowls..."
Answer to both questions (Rav): Bedek ha'Bayis money may not be used for Kelim. If they collected and there was extra money, the excess may be used for Kelim.
Question: If the money may not be used for Kelim (because it is a different Kedushah), this applies even to the excess!
Answer (R. Avahu): Beis Din stipulates that if the money will not be needed for Bedek ha'Bayis, (it will not receive Kedushas Bedek ha'Bayis, rather) it will be used for Kelim.
(Tana d'Vei R. Yishmael): We buy Klei Shares with money of Terumas ha'Lishkah - "the remaining money";
Question: Which money has a remainder?
Answer: it is Terumas ha'Lishkah (they do not take all the money in the chamber).
Question: We should say the money left in the chamber is for Klei Shares!
Answer: "The remaining money" refers to the first money taken. This is like Rava taught;
(Rava): "The Olah" refers to the first to be offered (each day, the morning Tamid).
USES OF HEKDESH MONEY
Question (Beraisa): Incense, and all communal Korbanos come from Terumas ha'Lishkah. The golden Mizbe'ach, frankincense and service Kelim come from Mosar Nesachim (profits from the purchase of flour for offerings. Hekdesh gets a heaping measure and a good price.) The outer Mizbe'ach, the chambers and the courtyards come from Shirei ha'Lishkah (what remains in the chamber after taking Terumas ha'Lishkah).
This is like it was taught, that the city wall, its towers, and all needs of the city come from Shirei ha'Lishkah.
Answer: Tana'im argue about which money is used to buy Klei Shares:
(Mishnah): Mosar Terumah (what is left from Terumas ha'Lishkah after all Korbanos for the year were bought) was used to make a gold plating for the Kodesh ha'Kodoshim;
R. Yishmael says, profits from Peiros (this will be explained) are used for Kitz ha'Mizbe'ach (Olah offerings brought when the Mizbe'ach is idle);
R. Akiva says, Mosar Terumah is used for Kitz ha'Mizbe'ach. Mosar Nesachim is used for Klei Shares;
R. Chanina the vice-Kohen Gadol says, Mosar Nesachim is for Kitz ha'Mizbe'ach. Mosar Terumah is for Klei Shares;
R. Akiva and R. Chanina did not agree to profits from Peiros.
Question: What are 'profits from Peiros'?
Answer (Beraisa): Mosar Terumah was used to buy produce cheaply. The produce was sold when the price went up. The profits were used for Kitz ha'Mizbe'ach.
Question: What does it mean 'they did not agree to profits from Peiros'?
Answer (Mishnah - R. Yishmael): Mosar Shirei ha'Lishkah was used to buy wine, oil and flour. The profits go to Hekdesh;
R. Akiva says, we do not invest Hekdesh or money for the poor in order to reap profits.
We do not invest Hekdesh, because the rich should not appear poor (i.e. like one who seeks every chance to profit).
We do not invest money for the poor, lest a poor person comes, and there will not be what to give him.