1)

(a)When Raban Gamliel's Talmidim asked him whether one is permitted to rear small animals in Eretz Yisrael, he replied in the affirmative. This is obviously a misquotation. What did they really ask him?

(b)Under what condition did he permit it?

(c)What did the Rabanan say?

1)

(a)When Raban Gamliel's Talmidim asked him whether one is permitted to rear small animals in Eretz Yisrael, he replied in the affirmative. This is obviously a misquotation. What they really asked him was whether one may retain such an animal in case of need?

(b)He permitted it on condition that the animal is kept tied to one's bed-post.

(c)The Rabanan disagree.

2)

(a)Why did that Chasid follow the opinion of Raban Gamliel? How often did he feed from the goat?

(b)What did his colleagues declare when they came to pay him a visit?

(c)What did they subsequently examine? What was the result of their examination?

(d)What declaration did the Chasid himself make on his death-bed?

2)

(a)That Chasid followed the opinion of Raban Gamliel because he had acute heartache that caused him to groan with pain, and the doctors informed him that the only cure was to suck warm milk fresh from a goat each morning.

(b)When his colleagues came to pay him a visit and saw the goat they questioned whether it was correct to visit a man who kept an armed robber in his house (See Agados Maharsha).

(c)They subsequently examined all his past deeds and came to the conclusion that this was the only sin that he had ever committed.

(d)On his death-bed he corroborated what his colleagues had said.

3)

(a)According to Rebbi Yishmael's own testimony, why was his father's family wiped out, besides the fact that they would allow their small animals to graze in the forest?

(b)Bearing in mind that grazing small animals in a forest is permitted, why was Rebbi Yishmael's family punished?

3)

(a)According to Rebbi Yishmael's own testimony, his father's family was wiped out (besides the fact that they would allow their small animals to graze in the forest) because they tended to judge money-matters on their own (without a Beis-Din of three contravening the Mishnah in Pirkei Avos which warns 'Do not be a single judge, because there is no single judge other than Hashem'.

(b)Despite the fact that grazing small animals in a forest is permitted, Rebbi Yishmael's family was punished because there was a field belonging to someone else adjoining the forest, which was subject to their animals' foraging.

4)

(a)What does the Beraisa say about a shepherd who contravenes the above Halachah and subsequently does Teshuvah?

(b)To whom else does this concession extend?

(c)What similar Halachah applies to someone who made a Neder to purchase a house or to get married in Eretz Yisrael?

(d)Why did a certain woman declare that she would marry the first man who came along? What did the Chachamim rule when unsuitable suitors arrived at her door?

4)

(a)The Beraisa say that if a shepherd contravenes the above Halachah and subsequently does Teshuvah he is not obligated to sell all his stocks in one go, but is permitted to sell them off slowly (so as not to discourage him from doing Teshuvah).

(b)This concession also applies to a convert who inherited dogs or Chazirim.

(c)A similar Halachah applies to someone who made a Neder to purchase a house or to get married in Eretz Yisrael who, despite the principle 'Zerizim Makdimin', is not obligated to purchase the first house or to marry the first woman that becomes available.

(d)A certain woman declared that she would marry the first man who came along because her son was causing her a lot of trouble. When unsuitable suitors arrived at her door, the Chachamim ruled that it was obvious that this was not what she meant, and allowed her to pick a decent husband.

5)

(a)Is there any difference between small Beheimos and small Chayos regarding the above Halachah? What is an example of small Chayos?

(b)Why does Rebbi Yishmael (or Rebbi Shimon ben Elazar) permit keeping small dogs, cats, monkeys and Chuldos Sena'im (weasels) in the house?

(c)What is the alternative explanation of 'Kelavim Kufrim' to small dogs?

(d)What is the mark of Chuldos Sena'im? Where are they found?

5)

(a)There is no difference between small Beheimos and small Chayos (such as deer and foxes) regarding the above Halachah. Both are forbidden in Eretz Yisrael.

(b)Rebbi Yishmael (or Rebbi Shimon ben Elazar) permits keeping small dogs, cats, monkeys and Chuldos Sena'im (weasels) in the house because they serve as a deterrent against mice.

(c)The alternative explanation of 'Kelavim Kufrim' to small dogs is large hunting-dogs, which do not threaten humans.

(d)The mark of 'Chuldos Sena'im' which are found in the shrubbery, is that they posses thin legs, conveying the impression that their legs are long (even though they are not [see Tosfos DH 'di'Ketini Shakei']).

6)

(a)Rav made a statement that Bavel had adopted the standard of Eretz Yisrael with regard to rearing small animals. Why was that?

(b)What did Rav Huna reply when Rav Ada bar Ahavah queried him for keeping a small animal in the house?

(c)What was Rav Ada's reaction to Rav Huna's reply? What effect did it have?

(d)According to the second Lashon, it was actually Rav Huna who introduced the Chumra of Bavel from the time that Rav arrived there. Perhaps he meant that many people came to live in Bavel with the advent of the great Rav. What else might he have meant?

6)

(a)Rav made a statement that Bavel had adopted the standard of Eretz Yisrael with regard to rearing small animals because since the time of Galus Yechonyah, many Jews had been living there, creating a situation similar to the Yishuv of Eretz Yisrael.

(b)When Rav Ada bar Ahavah queried Rav Huna for keeping a small animal in the house he replied that his wife Chovah kept an eye on it.

(c)Rav Ada's reaction to Rav Huna's reply was to declare that Chovah would bury her son, since she was not competent to prevent it from doing damage (though it is unclear why we need to come on to that). As a result, Chovah bore Rav Huna no children as long as Rav Ada bar Ahavah was alive.

(d)According to the second Lashon, it was actually Rav Huna who introduced the Chumra of Bavel from the time that Rav arrived there. Perhaps he meant that many people came to live in Bavel with the advent of the great Rav. Alternatively, what he may have meant was that Rav was the one to teach them this Halachah (even though they ought to have kept it from the time of Yechonyah, as we explained in the first Lashon).

80b----------------------------------------80b

7)

(a)What is the difference between a Shavu'a ha'Ben and a Yeshu'a ha'Ben?

(b)It was at one of the two that Rav, Shmuel and Rav Asi could not decide who should enter first. Why did Shmuel refuse to go in before Rav Asi?

(c)Rav refused to go in before Shmuel, as we shall soon see. What did they decide to do?

(d)Why did they not decide to leave ...

1. ... Rav outside, and let Rav Asi in first and Shmuel second?

2. ... Rav Asi outside, and let Shmuel in first and Rav second?

7)

(a)A Shavu'a ha'Ben is a Bris Milah; whereas a Yeshu'a ha'Ben is the Se'udah that one arranges at a Pidyon ha'Ben (because 'Yeshua' means redemption).

(b)It was at one of the two that Rav, Shmuel and Rav Asi could not decide who should enter first. The reason that Shmuel refused to go in before Rav Asi was because the latter (who was a disciple of Rav) was greater than him (even though Shmuel was a Chaver of Rav, and a disciple of Rebbi).

(c)Rav refused to go in before Shmuel, as we shall see. They decided that Shmuel should wait outside until the other two had settled inside (and it is obvious that Rav went in first, followed by Rav Asi.

(d)They did not decide to leave ...

1. ... Rav outside, and let Rav Asi in first and Shmuel second, because Rav was undoubtedly the greatest of the three, and we will now see why he refused to enter before Shmuel (but it was obvious that Shmuel would not enter before him see Shitah Mekubetzes).

2. ... Rav Asi outside, and let Shmuel in first and Rav second because as we just explained, Rav was much greater than Shmuel, and there was no way that Shmuel would precede him into the Simchah. And the reason that Rav refused to go in before Shmuel is because having once erroneously cursed him, he compensated him by giving him a lot of Kavod.

8)

(a)What happened whilst all this was going on?

(b)This prompted Rav to make four statements about cats, two of them that one is permitted to kill them and forbidden to retain them. What are the other two?

(c)Having taught us that ...

1. ... one is permitted to kill cats, why did he find it necessary to add that one is forbidden to keep them? Is this not obvious?

2. ... that they are not subject to theft, why did he find it necessary to add that there is no Mitzvah to return them? Is that too, not obvious?

(d)And how will Rav reconcile his statement with Rebbi Shimon ben Elazar (or Rebbi Yishmael) who, in the Beraisa that we quoted earlier, permits retaining a cat (among other things), in order to keep away the mice?

8)

(a)Whilst all this was going on a cat chewed a child's hand in the vicinity.

(b)This prompted Rav to make four statements about cats: that one is permitted to kill them and forbidden to keep them that they are not subject to theft and that one is not obligated to return them if they are lost.

(c)Having taught us that ...

1. ... one is permitted to kill cats, he nevertheless found it necessary to add that one is forbidden to retain them because we may otherwise have thought that even though anyone is permitted to kill them, the owner is not obligated to do so.

2. ... that they are not subject to theft, he nevertheless found it necessary to add that there is no Mitzvah to return them with reference to their skins.

(d)Rav reconciles his statement with Rebbi Shimon ben Elazar (or Rebbi Yishmael) who, in the Beraisa that we quoted earlier, permits retaining a cat (among other things), in order to keep away the mice by establishing the Beraisa by a black cat, whereas he is speaking about a white one (which is more vicious).

9)

(a)Even though the episode with Rav occurred with a black cat, its mother we point out, was white, whereas the Beraisa is speaking about a black cat whose mother too, was black. How do we reconcile this with Ravina, who asked a She'eilah whether a black cat whose mother was white is considered black or white?

9)

(a)Even though the episode with Rav occurred with a black cat, its mother we point out, was white, whereas the Beraisa is speaking about a black cat whose mother too, was black. We reconcile this with Ravina, who asked a She'eilah whether a black cat whose mother was white is considered black or white by establishing the She'eilah by a black cat whose mother was white but whose grandmother was black, whereas in the case of Rav, both the mother and the grandmother were white.

10)

(a)Rav Acha bar Papa, quoting his brother Rav Aba, who in turn, was quoting his brother Rav Ada (or some other combination of the sons of Rav Papa - see the list of his sons in the text of the Siyum of each Maseches) says that one blows Shofar for a plague of itchy boils. What else did he say about ...

1. ... a door of opportunity that closes?

2. ... documenting the sale of a house in Eretz Yisrael?

(b)Why do we need to know the middle Halachah? What difference does it make Halachically?

(c)What does the Beraisa say about 'Other communal Tzaros, such as boils that itch, locusts, flies, fleas, snakes and scorpions'?

(d)We reconcile Rav Acha bar Papa (who prescribes blowing the trumpets for boils) with the Beraisa, by citing Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi. What did he say about the plague of boils in Egypt (and what is the Beraisa then referring to)?

10)

(a)Rav Acha bar Papa, quoting his brother Rav Aba who in turn, was quoting his brother Rav Ada (or some other combination of the sons of Rav Papa see the list of his sons in the text of the Siyum of each Maseches) says that one blows trumpets when there is a plague of itchy boils. He said that ...

1. ... once a door of opportunity closes it does not open again so quickly.

2. ... if someone buys a house in Eretz Yisrael one may even document the sale on Shabbos.

(b)We need to know the middle Halachah to know that one needs to pray hard to regain it.

(c)The Beraisa say that, for 'Other communal Tzaros, such as boils that itch, locusts, flies, fleas, snakes and scorpions one cries out to Hash-m, but one does not blow the trumpets'.

(d)We reconcile Rav Acha bar Papa (who prescribes blowing the trumpets for boils) with the Beraisa, by citing Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi who said that the plague of boils in Egypt were exceptionally bad, inasmuch as the boils were (wet on the outside but) dry on the inside, whereas the Beraisa is speaking about boils that are wet on the inside (as well as on the outside).

11)

(a)Mar Zutra explains that the closed door refers to Semichah. What does Rav Ashi say?

(b)What caused Rav Acha mi'Difti to add that (not only does the door not open quickly, but that once it closes) it will never reopen?

11)

(a)Mar Zutra explains that the closed door refers to Semichah. According to Rav Ashi it could refer to anything.

(b)What caused Rav Acha mi'Difti to add that (not only does the door not open quickly, but that once it closes) it will never reopen were his own unpleasant experiences, since he was appointed to be Rosh Yeshivah, but somehow, the appointment never materialized. In any event, it would seem that according to him, there is no point in Davening.

12)

(a)We learned earlier that Rav Acha bar Papa also permits documenting the sale of a house in Eretz Yisrael on Shabbos. Why could he not possibly have meant that?

(b)Then what did he mean?

(c)What does Rebbi Shmuel bar Nachmani say about someone who purchases a town in Eretz Yisrael?

12)

(a)We learned earlier that Rav Acha bar Papa also permits documenting the sale of a house in Eretz Yisrael on Shabbos. He could not possibly have meant that because there is no way (short of when it entails life-danger) that a Tana or Amora would permit an Isur d'Oraisa, and certainly not one that involves Chilul Shabbos.

(b)What he really meant was that the Chachamim permitted getting a Nochri to document it, even though Amirah le'Nochri Shevus (asking a Nochri to perform a Melachah on one's behalf is an Isur d'Rabanan).

(c)Rebbi Shmuel bar Nachmani says that someone who purchases a town in Eretz Yisrael is obligated to buy a path on each of the four sides, because of Yishuv Eretz Yisrael.

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