1)

(a)We conclude that the Halachah is not like the current rulings (See Tosfos DH 've'Leis Hilch'sa'), but like a statement of Rav Nachman. According to Rav Nachman, on what condition can one include a Katan in Mezuman?

(b)What did little Abaye and Rava answer when Rabah once asked them to whom once recites a B'rachah?

(c)When Rabah asked them where 'Rachmana' is, Rava pointed to the ceiling. What did Abaye do?

(d)What did Rabah subsequently predict?

(e)Of which popular adage (concerning a pumpkin) is this episode reminiscent?

1)

(a)We conclude that the Halachah is not like the current rulings (See Tosfos DH 've'Leis Hilch'sa'), but like a statement of Rav Nachman, who maintains that one can include a Katan in Mezuman - provided he understands to whom he is reciting the B'rachah.

(b)When Rabah once asked little Abaye and Rava to whom once recites a B'rachah, they replied - 'to Rachmana (the merciful One)'

(c)When Rabah asked them where 'Rachmana' is, Rava pointed to the ceiling. Abaye went outside - and pointed to the Heaven.

(d)Rabah subsequently predicted - that both of them were destined to become Rabbanan.

(e)This episode is reminiscent of the popular adage - 'One can tell what sort of pumpkin is growing from when it is young (or from the time it 'leaves the sap and begins to bud').

2)

(a)What did Rav Yehudah b'rei de'Rav Shmuel bar Shilas say in the name of Rav about nine people who ate bread and one, vegetables, with regard to Mezuman with the Name of Hash-m?

(b)Rebbi Zeira asked Rav Yehudah whether the same Din will apply if only eight or even seven out of the ten participants ate bread. What did Rav Yehudah reply?

(c)What did Rebbi Yirmiyah comment on the fact that Rebbi Zeira did not ask what the Din would be if there were six?

(d)Then why was Rebbi Zeira sorry that he did not do so?

2)

(a)Rav Yehudah b'rei de'Rav Shmuel bar Shilas said in the name of Rav that if nine people ate bread and one, vegetables - they can Bensch Mezuman with the Name of Hash-m.

(b)Rebbi Zeira asked Rav Yehudah whether the same Din will apply if only eight or even seven out of the ten participants ate bread - to which the latter applied in the affirmative.

(c)Rebbi Yirmiyah commented on commented - that he did well not do so, since, seeing as six is a majority too, there is no reason to differentiate between them.

(d)Rebbi Zeira was sorry that he did not do so however - since he thought that the reason for eight or seven is because it is a majority that is easily recognizable ('Ruba de'Mink'ra'), in which case it may well be that if there only six, they do not combine.

3)

(a)Who was Yanai ha'Melech?

(b)Why did he kill all the Chachamim?

(c)What problem did he subsequently face when he ate a meal with the queen?

3)

(a)

(b)Yanai ha'Melech killed all the Chachamim - when they came to invalidate him from the Kehunah (after he appointed himself Kohen Gadol).

(c)The problem he subsequently face when he ate a meal with the queen was - that there was nobody to Bensch for them when they finished eating (See Eitz Yosef),

4)

(a)On what condition did the queen volunteer to bring someone who could Bensch for them?

(b)Whom did she subsequently produce?

(c)What was her connection to him?

4)

(a)The queen volunteered to bring someone who could Bensch for them - on condition that the king swore that he would do him no harm.

(b)She subsequently produced - Shimon ben Shetach ...

(c)... who was her brother.

5)

(a)What was the king referring to when he pointed out how much Kavod he was giving him?

(b)How did Shimon ben Shetach respond to that, based on the Pasuk in Mishlei "Salselehah u'Seromimcha Techabdecha ... "?

(c)What did Yanai comment?

5)

(a)When the king he pointed out how much Kavod he was giving him, he was referring to - the fact that he placed him in between the queen and himself.

(b)Shimon ben Shetach responded to that, based on the Pasuk in Mishlei "Salselehah u'Seromimcha Techabdecha ... " - that it was not Yanai who was honoring him but the Torah ...

(c)... to which Yanai commented - 'See, how he does not accept authority!'

6)

(a)What was Shimon ben Shetach's quandary? What B'rachah did he want to avoid reciting?

(b)So what did he do when they gave him a cup of wine to Bensch?

(c)What did Rebbi Aba the son of Rebbi Chiya bar Aba mean when he said that Shimon ben Shetach followed his own opinion when he Bensched?

(d)He based this on a statement of Rebbi Chiya bar Aba Amar. What did Rebbi Chiya bar Aba Amar Rebbi Yochanan say about Bensching Mezuman that clashed with Shimon ben Shetach?

6)

(a)Shimon ben Shetach's quandary - bearing in mind that he had not eaten with the king, was what B'rachah to cite in Mezuman, as he wanted to avoid reciting - 'Baruch she'Achal Yanai va'Chavrivav me'Shelo'.

(b)Consequently, when they gave him a cup of wine to Bensch - he drank without Bensching over it (This he did after they gave a second cup of wine).

(c)When Rebbi Aba the son of Rebbi Chiya bar Aba said that Shimon ben Shetach followed his own opinion when he Bensched, meant - that what he did did not conform to the Halachah.

(d)He based this on a statement of Rebbi Chiya bar Aba Amar Rebbi Yochanan - that only someone who has eaten a k'Zayis of bread my Bensch Mezuman.

7)

(a)How can someone who has eaten a k'Zayis, whose Chiyuv to Bensch is only mi'de'Rabbanan, be Motzi someone who has eaten enough to be satisfied (whose Chiyuv is mi'd'Oraysa)?

(b)In that case, why can a child who has reached the age of Chinuch not be Motzi grown-ups?

(c)What is the problem with the B'hag, who, due to the first Kashya, requires the other participants to have also eaten a k'Zayis (or a k'Beitzah, according to others), but not enough to be satisfied?

7)

(a)Someone who has eaten a k'Zayis, whose Chiyuv to Bensch is only mi'de'Rabbanan, can be Motzi someone who has eaten enough to be satisfied, even though his Chiyuv is mi'd'Oraysa - because at the end of the day - the former is Chayav to Bensch

(b)And the reason that a child who has reached the age of Chinuch cannot be Motzi grown-ups - is because the Chiyuv Chinuch is not on the child, but on his father (See Tosfos DH 'Tish'ah she'Achlu').

(c)The problem with the B'hag, who, due to the first Kashya, requires the other participants to have also eaten a k'Zayis (or a k'Beitzah, according to others), but not enough to be satisfied is - from the episode with Yanai ha'Melech, who certainly ate enough to be satisfied, and Shimon ben Shetach, who would evidently have been Motzi the king and the other participants, had he eaten a k'Zayis.

8)

(a)And we support Rebbi Aba's statement with a ruling of Raban Shimon ben Gamliel. What did Raban Shimon ben Gamliel say in a Beraisa about someone who merely dipped his food in brine or who ate only a dried fig?

(b)What do we extrapolate from there that supports Rebbi Aba's statement?

(c)What did Rav Chanah bar Yehudah say in the name of Rava that supports what we just said?

8)

(a)And we support Rebbi Aba's statement with a ruling of Raban Shimon ben Gamliel, who says in a Beraisa that someone who merely dipped his food in brine or who ate only a dried fig - is permitted to participate in a Mezuman ...

(b)... implying that he is not permitted to actually Bensch Mezuman (supporting Rebbi Aba's statement).

(c)Rav Chanah bar Yehudah - issued exactly the same ruling in the name of Rava in support of what we just said.

48b----------------------------------------48b

9)

(a)What does Rav Chana bar Yehudah in the name of Rava say about someone who ate only a leaf of vegetable or who drank a cup of wine?

(b)And when can he actually Bensch Mezuman?

(c)Rav Nachman lists the authors of Birchas ha'Mazon. When did ...

1. ... Moshe instigate Birchas ha'Zan?

2. ... Yehoshua, Birchas ha'Aretz?

(d)Who instigated Boneh Yerushalayim'?

(e)If David instigated 'al Yisrael Amecha ve'al Yerushalayim Irecha', what did Shlomoh instigate?

9)

(a)Rav Chana bar Yehudah in the name of Rava says - someone who ate only a leaf of vegetable or who drank a cup of wine - can make up a Mezuman ...

(b)... but he can actually Bensch Mezuman - only if he ate a k'Zayis of 'corn' (i.e. bread).

(c)Rav Nachman lists the authors of Birchas ha'Mazon ...

1. ... Moshe instigated Birchas ha'Zan - when the Manna began to fall.

2. ... Yehoshua, Birchas ha'Aretz - when Yisrael entered Eretz Yisrael.

(d)David and Shlomoh instigated Boneh Yerushalayim' ...

(e)... David instigated 'al Yisrael Amecha ve'al Yerushalayim Irecha' and Shlomoh - 've'al ha'Bayis ha'Gadol ve'ha'Kadosh'.

10)

(a)Who instigated 'ha'Tov ve'ha'Meitiv'?

(b)Where did they instigate it?

(c)Based on a statement of Rav Masna, on what occasion did they instigate it?

(d)If 'ha'Meitiv' commemorates the fact that the corpses were brought to burial (after lying in the open after many years), what does 'ha'ha'Tov' commemorate?

10)

(a)The Chachamim instigated 'ha'Tov ve'ha'Meitiv' ...

(b)... in Yavneh.

(c)Based on a statement of Rav Masna, they instigated it - when those who were killed in Beitar were brought to burial.

(d)'ha'Meitiv' commemorates the fact that the corpses were brought to burial (after lying in the open after many years), 'ha'Tov' - the fact that they had not decomposed.

11)

(a)The Beraisa lists the four B'rachos of Birchas ha'Mazon that we just discussed, to which the Tana Kama adds that we begin with 'Nacheim' and end with 'Nacheim', and mention Kedushas ha'Yom ('Retzei') in the middle. Why does he refer to the B'rachah of 'Racheim' as 'Nacheim'?

(b)What does the Tana mean?

(c)What does Rebbi Eliezer say about the insertion of Retzei?

(d)The Chachamim basically concur with the opinion of the Tana Kama. In which point do they argue with him?

11)

(a)The Beraisa lists the four B'rachos of Birchas ha'Mazon that we just discussed, to which the Tana Kama adds that we begin with 'Nacheim' and end with 'Nacheim', and mention Kedushas ha'Yom ('Retzei') in the middle. He refers to the B'rachah of 'Racheim' as 'Nacheim' - because They woujld sometimes begin with the word 'Nacheinu'.

(b)What the Tana means is that one recites 'Retzei' in the middle of the B'rachah, since it does not require a B'rachah of its own.

(c)According to Rebbi Eliezer - one may insert 'Retzei' in Birchas ha'Aretz, in 'Nacheim' or in ha'Tov ve'ha'Meitiv, whichever one pleases.

(d)The Chachamim basically concur with the opinion of the Tana Kama, only according to them, inserting it in 'Nacheim' is crucial, whereas, according to the Tana Kama, it is only Lechatchilah.

12)

(a)What does the Beraisa learn from the Pasuk in Eikev ...

1. ... ve'Achalta ve'Sava'ta ... " from the word "u'Veirachta"?

2. ... "es hashem Elokecha"?

3. ... "al ha'Aretz ... "?

4. ... "ha'Tovah"?

5. ... "asher Nasan lach"?

(b)What does he learn from the Pasuk in Va'eshanan "ha'Har ha'Tov ve'ha'Levanon"?

(c)And he learns the B'rachah Rishonah from a 'Kal va'Chomer' Which 'Kal va'Chomer'?

12)

(a)The Beraisa learns from the Pasuk in Eikev ...

1. ... ve'Achalta ve'Sava'ta ... " from the word "u'Veirachta" - the Chiyuv of Mezuman, from ...

2. ... "es hashem Elokecha" - the Chiyuv of Birchas ha'Zan, from ...

3. ... "al ha'Aretz ... " - Birchas ha'Aretz, from ...

4. ... "ha'Tovah" - Birchas Boneh Yerushalayim, and from ...

5. ... "asher Nasan lach" - Birchas ha'Tov ve'ha'Meitiv'.

(b)From the Pasuk in Va'eshanan "ha'Har ha'Tov ve'ha'Levanon", he learns the Yerushalayim is called 'Tov'.

(c)And he learns the B'rachah Rishonah from a 'Kal va'Chomer' - 'If one recites a Br'achah when ne is satisfied, how much more so when one is hungry'.

13)

(a)That is the opinion of Rebbi Yishmael. Rebbi Akiva largely agrees with him, only he learns Birchas ha'Zan from "Uverachta es Hash-m Elokecha". What does he learn from the Pasuk in Tehilim "Gadlu la'Hashem iti ... "?

(b)What, according to him, is the source of Birchas 'ha'Tov ve'ha'Meitiv'?

(c)And from where does he learn the B'rachah Rishonah?

13)

(a)That is the opinion of Rebbi Yishmael. Rebbi Akiva largely agrees with him, only he learns Birchas ha'Zan from "Uverachta es Hash-m Elokecha", whereas from the Pasuk in Tehilim "Gadlu la'Hashem Iiti ... " - he learns Zimun

(b)According to him, Birchas 'ha'Tov ve'ha'Meitiv' - was instituted in Yavneh (as we learned earlier).

(c)And he learns the B'rachah Rishonah from - 'asher Nasan lach".

14)

(a)According to Rebbi Yitzchak, the last D'rashah is superfluous, because he learns the B'rachah Rishonah from the Pasuk in Mishpatim "u'Veirach es Lachm'cha ve'es Meimecha". How does he 'amend' the word "u'Veirach"?

(b)How does he know that the Pasuk is referring to the B'rachah Rishonah?

14)

(a)According to Rebbi Yitzchak, the last D'rashah is superfluous, because he learns the B'rachah Rishonah from the Pasuk in Mishpatim "u'Veirach es Lachm'cha ve'es Meimecha", by 'amending' the word "u'Veirach" - to read "u'VareIch'.

(b)And he knows that the Pasuk is referring to the B'rachah Rishonah - because it implies that the B'rachah is recited whilst it is still bread.

15)

(a)Rebbi Nasan considers Rebbi Yitzchak's D'rashah superfluous, because he learns the B'rachah Rishonah from the Pasuk in Shmuel "ke'Vo'achem es ha'Ir ... ki Hu Yevarech ha'Zevach Acharei-Chein Yochlu ha'Keru'im". Who said it to whom about whom?

(b)Based on the Pasuk in Re'ei "ve'ha'Basar Tochel" (from which we learn the Mitzvah of eating the meat of Kodshei Mizbe'ach), which B'rachah did Shmuel recite?

(c)Some attributed the lengthy response of the women to the fact that women are talkative. To what does ...

1. ... Shmuel attribute it (based on the appearance of Shaul)?

2. ... Rebbi Yochanan attribute it, based on the fact that Shmuel would immediately crown Shaul king?

15)

(a)Rebbi Nasan considers Rebbi Yitzchak's D'rashah superfluous, because he learns the B'rachah Rishonah from the Pasuk in Shmuel "ke'Vo'achem es ha'Ir ... ki Hu Yevarech ha'Zevach Acharei-Chein Yochlu ha'Keru'im" - that some women said to Shaul (when he asked them for directions) concerning where he would find Shmuel ha'Navi.

(b)Based on the Pasuk in Re'ei "ve'ha'Basar Tochel" (from which we learn the Mitzvah of eating the meat of Kodshei Mizbe'ach), Shmuel recited the B'rachah - Baruch .... asher Kidshanu ... ve'Tzivanu Le'echol es ha'Zevach'.

(c)Some attributed the lengthy response of the women to the fact that women are talkative ...

1. ... Shmuel attributed it - to the fact that the women could not take their eyes off Shaul, who was exceptionally tall and handsome, and ...

2. ... Rebbi Yochanan, to the fact that Shmuel would immediately crown Shaul king - and one king (Shaul) is not permitted to encroach on the sovereignty of another, and David ha'Melech's time to rule had arrived.

16)

(a)From where does Rebbi Yishmael learn the Chiyuv to recite a B'rachah over learning Torah?

(b)Rebbi Chiya bar Nachmeini citing Rebbi Yishmael maintains that this is not necessary. Who was Rebbi Chiya bar Nachmeini?

(c)He learns it from a Gezeirah-Shavah 'Nesinah' 'Nesinah', since it says in Mishpayim "va'Etnah l'cha es Luchos ha'Even, ve'ha'Torah ve'ha'Mitzvah". From which Pasuk in Eikev does he learn it?

16)

(a)Rebbi Yishmael learn the Chiyuv to recite a B'rachah over learning Torah from the B'rachah over one's food via a Kal va'Chomer (Chayei Olam ha'Ba from Chayei Sha'ah).

(b)Rebbi Chiya bar Nachmeini - Rebbi Yishmael's Talmid, citing Rebbi Yishmael, maintains that this is not necessary.

(c)He learns it from a Gezeirah-Shavah 'Nesinah' 'Nesinah', since it says in Mishpayim "va'Etnah l'cha es Luchos ha'Even, ve'ha'Torah ve'ha'Mitzvah", and in Eikev (in connection with Birchas ha'Mazon) - " ... al ha'Aretz ha'Tovah asher Nasan lach".

17)

(a)What does Rebbi Meir learn from the Pasuk in Ki Savo "asher Nasan l'cha Hash-m Elokecha"?

(b)According to Rebbi Yehudah ben Beseira, Rebbi Chiya bar Nachmeini's D'rashah is unnecessary. How does he learn the obligation to recite a B'rachah over learning Torah from the Pasuk "al ha'ha'Aretz ha'Tovah" itself?

(c)What does he learn from the Pasuk in Mishlei "Ki Lekach Tov Nasati lachem ... "?

(d)And what does he learn from the 'Hey' in "ha'Tovah"?

(e)Which Pasuk in Va'eschanan indicates that Yerushalaim is called 'Tov'?

17)

(a)Rebbi Meir learns from the Pasuk in Ki Savo "asher Nasan l'cha Hash-m Elokecha" - that just as one recites a B'rachah over the good (Hash-m. Midas Rachamim), so too, must one recite a B'rachah over the bad ("Elokecha", Midas ha'Din).

(b)According to Rebbi Yehudah ben Beseira, Rebbi Chiya bar Nachmeini's D'rashah (in 15a) is unnecessary. He learns the obligation to recite a B'rachah over learning Torah from the extra 'Hey' in "ha'Tovah" (in the Pasuk "al ha'ha'Aretz ha'Tovah").

(c)He learns from the Pasuk in Mishlei "Ki Lekach Tov Nasati lachem ... " - that Torah is called 'Tov'.

(d)And from the 'Hey' in "ha'Tovah" - he learns the B'rachah of 'Boneh Yerushalayim'.

(e)The Pasuk in Va'eschanan which indicates that Yerushalaim is called 'Tov' is - "ha'Har ha'Tov ha'Zeh ve'ha'Levanon".

18)

(a)What does Rebbi Eliezer in a Beraisa, say about someone who does not say "Eretz Chemdah Tovah u'Rechavah" in Birchas ha'Aretz?

(b)What must he likewise omit in Birchas ha'Aretz in order not to be Yotzei?

(c)Nachum ha'Zakein applies the same ruling to someone who omits 'B'ris' from Birchas ha'Aretz. What does Rebbi Yossi add to that?

(d)According to P'limu, what is the significance of the order in which he mentions them?

(e)On what grounds does he give B'ris precedence over Torah?

18)

(a)Rebbi Eliezer in a Beraisa, rules that someone who does not say "Eretz Chemdah Tovah u'Rechavah" in Birchas ha'Aretz - has not fulfilled his obligation.

(b)Likewise in order not to be Yotzei, he must omit - 'Malchus Beis David' in Birchas ha'Aretz.

(c)Nachum ha'Zakein applies the same ruling to someone who omits 'B'ris' from Birchas ha'Aretz. Rebbi Yossi adds - 'Torah'.

(d)According to P'limu - 'B'ris' must precede 'Torah' ...

(e)... because whereas Torah was given with three covenants, B'ris Milah was given with thirteen.

19)

(a)Three out of the four possible places (See Maharsha) where the Torah was given with a covenant were Sinai, the Ohel Mo'ed, Har G'rizim. What is the fourth?

(b)Whereabouts in the Torah are the thirteen covenants of the B'ris Milah mentioned?

19)

(a)Three out of the four possible places (See Maharsha) where the Torah was given with a covenant were Sinai, the Ohel Mo'ed, Har G'rizim - and Arvos (the plains of) Mo'av.

(b)The thirteen covenants of the B'ris Milah are all to be found - at the end of Parshas Lech-L'cha.

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