Beitzah Chart #1
Chart for Beitzah Daf 2b-3a
THE PROHIBITION OF AN EGG LAID ON YOM TOV
ACCORDING TO BEIS HILLEL
WHAT TYPE OF CHICKEN
REASON FOR THE PROHIBITION
|1||RAV NACHMAN||Designated for raising eggs||Muktzah (in accordance with
the view of Rebbi Yehudah (1))
|2||RABAH||Designated for eating||Hachanah (2), when Yom Tov
immediately follows Shabbos;
Gezeirah on a normal Yom Tov,
due to Yom Tov after Shabbos
|3||RAV YOSEF||Designated for eating||Gezeiras Peiros ha'Noshrin (3)|
|4||REBBI YITZCHAK||Designated for eating||Gezeiras Mashkin she'Zavu (4)|
(1) The chicken is also Asur because of Muktzah according to Rebbi Yehudah. (For this reason, the Gemara rejects this explanation, because if this is the reason why the egg is Asur, then since the chicken is also Asur for this reason, the Mishnah should have expressed the Machlokes between Beis Shamai and Beis Hillel with regard to the chicken itself.) Even though the Isur is only mid'Rabanan, nevertheless it is considered severe enough that it is like an Isur d'Oraisa (Tosfos Yeshanim 3b).
(2) According to Rashi, the lack of proper Hachanah makes it an Isur d'Oraisa to eat the Muktzah item. According to the other Rishonim, it is a separate Isur d'Oraisa to use an item that was prepared on Yom Tov for Shabbos, or on Shabbos for Yom Tov, but it is not an Isur d'Oraisa of Muktzah (see Insights).
(3) Peiros ha'Noshrin, or fruits that fell from a tree on Yom Tov, are Asur because of a Gezeirah lest one, without thinking, pick fruits off of a tree (see Insights regarding why picking fruits is Asur on Yom Tov). Concerning why the Rabanan had to make a Gezeirah of Peiros sh'Noshrin, and the fruits that fell from a tree on Yom Tov are not Asur because of Muktzah, see Insights as well.
(4) Mashkin she'Zavu, or juices that flowed from a fruit, are Asur because of a Gezeirah lest one think that it is permitted to squeeze fruits to extract their juices on Yom Tov.