[33a - 34 lines; 33b - 46 lines]

1a)[line 1]ביעתאBEI'ASA- an egg [should first be held over a fire, and only then should a) a utensil (O.F. trepied - tripod, or gradil - grill) or pieces of wood (RASHI here and to Eruvin 101a); b) other eggs (RABEINU CHANANEL, TOSFOS DH mil'Matah) be placed underneath it to hold it there]

b)[line 1]קדרהKEDERAH- a pot [should first be held over a fire, and only then should two barrels be slid underneath it to hold it there]

c)[line 1]פוריאPURYA- a [portable] bed [should be erected by first stretching the leather upper, and then arranging the beams in place underneath]

d)[line 1]חביתאCHAVISA- large jugs [should be stacked by first holding one in position, and then placing a) two (RASHI); b) one barrel (RASHI to Eruvin 101a) underneath]

2)[line 3]בדלת ס"ד?!BA'DELES SALKA DAITACH?!- is it possible [to balance a pot] on a door [without it breaking]?!

3)[line 3]וכן הדלתV'CHEN HA'DELES- and a door [may not be placed across two barrels] either

4)[line 5]שלא נתנו עצים אלא להסקהLO NITNU ETZIM ELA L'HASAKAH

(a)One may perform all Melachos necessary for food preparation on Yom Tov. Due to this, wood, which is used as fuel for fire necessary to cook food, is not Muktzah on Yom Tov. There is, however, a disagreement among the Tana'im and Amora'im as to how much and what type of usage one may make of wood on Yom Tov. Rebbi Eliezer, among others, rules that wood is not Muktzah to the extent that one may utilize it for whatever he wishes. Those who disagree maintain that "Lo Nitnu Etzim Ela l'Hasakah." This means that wood may only be used as fuel for a fire, but not for any other purpose. This is because wood is often is used for purposes that are forbidden of Yom Tov, such as making utensils (RASHI 33b DH Lo Yitol).

5)[line 10]חנגאL'CHINGA- (lit. a circle) the marketplace (in which people constantly circle)

6)[line 11]חזראCHIZRA- a pointed branch usable as a spit

7a)[line 11]רטיבאRETIVA- [a] fresh [branch]

b)[line 13]יבשתאYABESHTA- [a] dry [branch]

8a)[line 15]לצלות בוLI'TZLOS BO- to roast [meat] using it [as a spit]

b)[line 15]לצלות בגחלתוLI'TZLOS B'GACHALTO- to roast [meat] over coals produced by [burning] it

9)[line 21]דיר העציםDIR HA'ETZIM- a room in which wood is stored

10)[line 21]אודUD- (O.F. forgon) a poker (a tool used to stoke a fire)

11)[line 24]מוקצהMUKTZAH- this is a form of Nolad; see below, entry # 41

12)[line 26]מעיהME'EI- its intestines

13)[line 26]שונראSHUNRA- a cat

14)[line 26]דמסרחיMASRECHEI- [he knew] that they would spoil [a) by the day after Yom Tov (RASHI); b) on Yom Tov (TOSFOS DH v'Shadi)] (See Insights)

15)[line 28]קיסםKISAM- a splinter

16)[line 28]משלפניוMISHELE'FANAV- from that which is in front of him [in his house]

17)[line 5]לחצוץ בו שיניוLACHTZOS BO SHINAV- to pick between his teeth

18)[line 29]מגבבMEGABEV- he may gather [twigs to use as kindling]

19a)[line 32]מן העפרMIN HA'AFAR- through [digging in hard] earth [which produces a spark]

b)[line 33]מן המיםMIN HA'MAYIM- through [filling a glass with] water [and placing it in the sun, which heats the glass to the point that it can ignite material]

20)[line 33]רעפיםRE'AFIM- (O.F. tiules) tiles

21)[line 33]מלבניןMELABNIN- heat to the point that it become white-hot


22)[line 1]אוכלי בהמהOCHLEI BEHEMAH- [that which is suitable for] animal feed

23)[line 3]להניףL'HANIF- (O.F. venteler - to wave in the air) to fan

24)[line 4]מוללו ומריח בוMOLELO U'MERI'ACH BO- one may rub it between his fingers in order to release its scent

25)[line 4]יקטמנוYIKTEMENU- break it

26)[line 6]חטאתCHATAS (KORBAN CHATAS)

(a)If one transgresses a sin b'Shogeg (unintentionally) for which he would have been liable to receive the punishment of Kares (see Background to Pesachim 32:16) had he transgressed it b'Mezid (intentionally), he must offer a Korban Chatas. This Korban consists of a female goat or sheep.

(b)One who offers a Korban Chatas first leans on the animal with all of his might (Semichah) in the northern area of the Azarah. He then recites Viduy, confessing his sin and asking HaSh-m for forgiveness. The animal is then immediately slaughtered. The blood of the Chatas is applied to the Keranos (cubic Amah posts on the corners of the Mizbe'ach) beginning with the southeastern corner of the Mizbe'ach and continuing to the northeastern, northwestern, and southwestern corners. The remaining blood is then spilled onto the Yesod (base) of the Mizbe'ach. Certain parts of the Chatas are eaten by Kohanim in the Azarah; these must be consumed before the following day (Vayikra 27-31).

27)[line 7]פטור אבל אסור קא קשיא לי חייב חטאת מבעיאPATUR AVAL ASUR KA KASHYA LI, CHAYAV CHATAS MIBA'I?- you have posed a [strong] question from [the ruling of] "it is forbidden although he is not obligated [to offer a Korban Chatas];" all the more so from [the ruling of] "he is obligated [to offer a Korban Chatas]"! (RASHI; see TOSFOS DH Patur for an alternate version and understanding of this Sugya)

28)[line 8]קשיןKASHIN- hard [aromatic branches, which are not fit as animal feed]

29)[line 18]גרוגרותGROGEROS- dried figs

30a)[line 22]מפשחMEFASHE'ACH- (O.F. esenbrajier - break off branches) break off [from aromatic trees that had been cut down before Yom Tov]

b)[line 22]אלותאALVASA- large branches

31)[line 23]קתתא דנרגי וחציניKATASA D'NARGEI V'CHATZINEI- axe and hatchets

32)[line 26]אבוסEIVUS- a trough [that contains straw etc. suitable as animal feed]

33)[line 26]ושויןV'SHAVIN- and they agree

34)[line 27]לפתוח בו הדלתLI'FTO'ACH BO HA'DELES- as a lock pick

35)[line 29]סופג את הארבעיםSOFEG ES HA'ARBA'IM (MALKUS ARBA'IM)

(a)One is liable to receive Malkus Arba'im (lit. forty lashes; actually thirty-nine) if he transgresses a Lav (negative Torah commandment) after having been warned that this would be his punishment by at least two witnesses (Devarim 25:2). These lashes may only be administered in Eretz Yisrael by a court of three judges who are Semuchin (Halachically ordained) (RAMBAM Hilchos Sanhedrin 16:2).

(b)Malkus are delivered three at a time. The court first determines how many lashes the culprit is able to withstand. He is then instructed to stand against a post and his clothes are ripped to reveal his heart. Beis Din chooses a weak Torah scholar to stand behind him upon a rock and deliver the blows. One third land upon his chest, one third upon his shoulder, and the remaining third upon his other shoulder (Makos 22b).

(c)Before each blow, the deputy judge announces the number of the lash and a third judge proclaims "Hakehu!" - "Whip him!" During the whipping, the senior judge reads aloud the verse, "If you do not carefully perform all the commandments in this Torah... then HaSh-m will cause you to receive extraordinary blows..." (Devarim 28:58-59).

36)[line 31]הכא פטור אבל אסורHACHA PATUR AVL ASUR- here [in a case in which his intention was not to fashion a utensil, but simply to release the scent] he is forbidden but not obligated [to offer a Korban Chatas as a result of a Rabbinic decree]

37)[line 37]מוסתקיMUSTEKEI- a broken barrel that has been stuck together with tree sap (O.F. resine - resin) [and is therefore so weak that he will not intend to fashion it into a vessel]

38)[line 39]צבוריןTZEVURIN- piles

39)[line 41]מכניףMACHNIF- gather

40)[line 42]קדרתו מוכחת עליוKEDERASO MOCHACHAS ALAV- his pot [of food] demonstrates that he is gathering the twigs in order to cook on Yom Tov]

41)[line 43]מולידMOLID (NOLAD)

(a)Muktzah literally means "set aside" or "designated." With regard to Shabbos, this term is used to describe items which one has no intention of using on Shabbos, such as wood stacked in a barn. Anything that a person had no intention to use during Bein ha'Shemashos (twilight) at the start of Shabbos (or Yom Tov) - for any reason - is included in the category of Muktzah and may not be moved on Shabbos.

(b)One form of Muktzah is that which came into being on Shabbos or changed significantly from the form which it took during Bein ha'Shemashos (twilight leading into Shabbos). This is Halachically termed "Nolad" (born). Examples of this category include the pieces of utensils that broke on Shabbos, eggs laid on Shabbos, and fruit pits - previously considered part of the fruit - that are separated from the fruit on Shabbos.