THE IMPORTANCE OF LINEAGE (cont.)
Answer #2: Rather, Pinchas descended from both Yisro and Yosef, from one on the father's side, and from the other on the mother's side.
Support: "Mi'Benos Puti'el" implies from two (people called Puti'el).
(Rava): One must check a woman's brothers before marrying her - "va'Yikach Aharon Es Elisheva Bas Aminadav Achos Nachshon";
Question: Since the verse calls her Aminadav's daughter, we know that she is Nachshon's sister!
Answer: It says "Achos Nachshon" to teach that one must check a woman's brothers before marrying her.
(Beraisa): Most sons resemble the mother's brothers.
YONASON ERRED AND REPENTED
"Mi Hevi'acha Halom, u'Mah Atah Oseh ba'Zeh, u'Mah Lecha Po"- they asked him, don't you descend from Moshe, about whom it says "Al Tikrav Halom", "Mah Zeh b'Yadecha", and "v'Atah Po Amod Imadi"? Will you become a Kohen to idolatry?!
Yonason: I have a tradition from Moshe that it is better to hire himself out and do Avodah Zarah, than to be supported by others.
He thought that this means idolatry. Really, it means work that is foreign to him.
Rav (to Rav Kahana): Flay a carcass in the market for wages. Do not consider yourself too important, and that this is a disgrace for you.
When David saw how much Yonason liked money, he appointed him over the treasuries - "u'Shevu'el ben Gershom ben Moshe Nagid Al ha'Otzaros."
Question: Why does the verse call him "Shevu'el"?
Answer (R. Yochanan): He returned to Hash-m (Shav la'Kel) with all his heart.
SONS INHERIT THE FATHER
(Mishnah): Sons inherit their father ...
Question: What is the source for this?
Answer #1: "Ish Ki Yamus u'Ven Ein Lo" implies that if he had a son, the son would be first to inherit.
Question (Rav Papa): Why don't we say that if there is only a son or daughter, he or she inherits, but if there are both, neither inherits?
Objection (Abaye): When there are both, who should inherit? Will the mayor inherit?!
Clarification (Rav Papa): I meant that neither would inherit alone, rather, they would split the inheritance.
Answer (Abaye): We do not need a verse to teach that a lone son inherits everything.
Question: Perhaps the verse teaches that a daughter also inherits?
Answer: That is learned from "v'Chol Bas Yoreshes Nachalah."
Answer #2 (Rav Acha bar Yakov): We learn that sons inherit from "Lamah Yigara Shem Avinu... Ki Ein Lo Ben."
Inference: Had he had a son, the son alone would inherit.
Rejection: That is no proof. Perhaps Tzelafchad's daughters thought so, but the Torah teaches differently!
Rather, we must rely on Answer #1.
Answer #3 (Ravina): We learn from "ha'Karov Elav" - the closest one inherits.
The son is closer than the daughter, for he stands in place of his father regarding Yi'ud (marrying an Amah Ivriyah) and (redeeming) an inherited field.
Rejection: Yi'ud does not prove that the son is closer, since it is not applicable to a daughter. We know that a son stands in place of his father regarding an inherited field only from the fact that he precedes the daughter regarding inheritance!
Rather, we must rely on Answer #1.
Answer #4: "V'Hisnachaltem Osam li'Vneichem Achareichem" - you will bequeath slaves to your sons, but not to your daughters.
Question: If so, we should also expound "Lema'an Yirbu Yemeichem vi'Mei Veneichem" to exclude your daughters?!
Answer: Regarding a blessing, it is illogical to expound to exclude daughters.
BROTHERS INHERIT EACH OTHER
(Mishnah): Paternal brothers inherit each other ...
Question: What is the source of this?
Answer (Rabah): We learn a Gezeirah Shavah "Achvah-Achvah" from Yakov's sons.
Just like Yakov's sons were paternal but not (all) maternal brothers, also brothers mentioned regarding inheritance must be paternal.
Question: Why is the Gezeirah Shavah needed? We can learn from "mi'Mishpachto v'Yorash Osah!" (We said above (109b) that 'Mishpachah' refers to the father's family.)
Answer: True! In truth, Rabah's Gezeirah Shavah teaches about Yibum.