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BERACHOS 24 (7 Elul) - Dedicated in memory of Esther Miryam bas Harav Chaim Zev and her husband Harav Refael Yisrael ben Harav Moshe (Snow), whose Yahrzeits are 7 Elul and 8 Elul respectively. Sponsored by their son and daughter in law, Moshe and Rivka Snow.


1. There is a dispute about whether two unclothed people, lying back to back, may recite Shema.
2. The fact that this (#1) is permitted in at least some situations is proof to Rav Huna's law.
3. One is not allowed to stare at any part of a woman who is not permitted to him.
4. The Gemara says that the thigh and voice of any woman, and the hair of a married woman, are considered "Ervah."
5. One should not purposely recite Shemoneh Esreh so loud that others hear it.


1. Some say that this dispute applies only to a man and his wife, or a man with his young children. Others say that this dispute applies to any two people.
2. Rav Huna's law is that buttocks are not considered Ervah.
3. The Gemara emphasizes that one who stares at even the small finger of a woman is considered as though he stared at areas that are always covered.
4. One is not allowed to say words of prayer or Torah if he can see even a handsbreath (Tefach) of an area of his wife's body that is usually covered.
5. One certainly should not raise his voice when saying Shemoneh Esreh, since this was the manner of the prophets of idols.

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